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New Seeies, No. 33. 



For 1875, 





En i^reat Britain antr Ireland, 







Ann Balkwill. 
Mary Casson. 
Hannah Cross. 
William Rawbonn Dell. 
Sarah Ann Doeg. 
Mary Forster. 
Robert Forster. 
Anne Forster. 
Anne Frank. 
Eliza Hewitt. 
Sarah Hinton, 
Joseph Holmes 
Caroline Hopkins. 
Frances E. Jackson. 
Anna Johnson. 

John Jones, Ruthin. 
Phebe A. Marriage. 
Margaret Marriage. 
Caroline E. Parken. 
John Parnall. 
Helen Theresa Pease. 
Maria Pollard. 
Jane Richardson. 
Joseph H. Richardson. 
Henry Scarnell. 
Joseph Thorp. 
Rachel Tregelles. 
Alfred Waterhouse. 
Thomas D. Watson. 
Charlotte Widdas. 


Edward Ash, M.D. 
An Invitation. 

Errata: (in the volume for 187 4. ) 
Page 139, line 22, for Murdoch, read Murdoch. 

_ 2i9 ? 8, read son of Robert and Helen 


(In this j/resent volume for 1875 J 
Page 23, line 13, for twelve, read nineteen. 



The preparation of another year's memorial of 
our deceased Friends, with its records of personal 
experience and of public as well as private useful- 
ness, brings forcibly before the mind the power and 
excellency of unity in the faith: — our "most holy 
faith," as the Apostle Jude expresses it; — the " one 
Lord, one faith, one baptism, one hope of our 
calling," to use the words of Paul. One foundation, 
— the same foundation as of the apostles and 
prophets, " Jesus Christ himself being the chief 
corner-stone," — and " other foundation can no man 
lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ." 
We see even in these simple records this truth 
exemplified, in the case of persons differing much in 
other respects from each other. 

Yet when speaking of this only sure foundation, 
we must not close our hearts against the accom- 
panying exhortation, " let every man take heed how 
he buildeth thereupon : " for the fire shall try every 
man's work of what sort it is ; and there are those 
who suffer loss, even though they themselves may 
be saved, " yet so as by fire." (See 1 Corinthians, 
iii, 10 to 15.) In the present day, which is remark- 
ably distinguished by conflict and division in religious 
opinions and practices, we deem it necessary to be 
especially watchful, not only how we build, but also 
how we pull down,— not only what we accept and 
establish, but also what we reject and destroy. If 
any of us have accepted our religious views or 
practices traditionally, let us not hastily conclude 
that they are therefore only founded on the traditions 
of men, — any more than, when we see the Divine 
blessing bestowed upon the pious lives and labours 
of others, we should immediately conclude that it 


would be to our profit, to adopt the forms or institu- 
tions under which they were brought up. Such 
precipitancy may rob us of our Christian liberty, as 
well as our Christian unity, bring us into spiritual 
bondage, and limit or mar our testimony to Christ 
and His truth. 

And the unity of the faith leads to " unity of 
the Spirit," reconciling diversities, harmonizing all. 
It was the subject of that most solemn prayer of the 
Lord Jesus before He suffered, the just for the un- 
just, that He might bring us to God — " that they all 
may be one, as Thou, Father, art in me, and I in 
Thee, that they also may be one in us, that the 
world may believe that Thou has sent me." We 
would therefore quote the words of a beloved Chris- 
tian minister, lately in this country : " stand fast in the 
faith — stand fast in the unity of the Spirit — stand fast 
in the liberty wherewith Christ doth make you free." 
There is in the Kingdom of Grace, as there is in the 
kingdom of nature, a wonderful harmony amidst 
wonderful variety. There are diversities of gifts, 
and differences of administrations and operations, but 
the same Lord, the same Spirit, every man receiving 
his own manifestation of it to profit withal : " the 
self-same Spirit, dividing to every man severally as 
He will." Therefore, says the Apostle, " walk worthy 
of the vocation wherewith ye are called, with all low- 
liness and meekness, with long suffering, forbearing 
one another in love : " and " let your conversation be 
such as becometh the gospel of Christ : . . . that 
ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving 
together for the faith of the gospel, and in nothing 
terrified by your adversaries." 


Ackworth, 12th mo. 1874. 





Age. Time of Decease. 
John Agnew, 80 23 8 mo, 1874 

Margaret Akerigg, 55 23 10 mo. 1873 

Kendal. Wife of William Akerigg. 
John Alderson, 80 25 8 mo. 1874 

Beech Hill, Pardshaw. An Elder. 
Thomas Alletson, 73 13 7 mo. 1874 

Edward Ash, M.D. 76 23 12 mo. 1873 

Gotham, Bristol. A Minister. 
Charlotte Ashworth, 68 8 6 mo. 1873 

JEJgerton, Bolton. Wife of Edmund Ashworth. 


Richard Bowles Atmore, 81 7 3 mo. 1874 

East Hurling, Norfolk. A Minister. 
Mary Backhouse, 90J 22 3 mo. 1874 

Chapel Allerton, Leeds. Widow of William 

Mary Ann Backhouse, 82 28 3 mo. 1874 

Gainford. Widow of Joseph Backhouse. 
Mary Eleanor Baker, 10 30 3 mo. 1874 

Scarbro'. Daughter of James and Elizabeth 

Ann Balkwill, 67 2 4 mo. 1874 

Ann Balkwill, widow of the late Joseph 
Hancock Balkwill of Plymouth, and daughter of 
Peter and Ann Payne of Wellington, was born 
Fifth mo., 9th, 1806. Her childhood was one of 
much enjoyment, connected with a country life ; 
and during her last long illness a picture of her 
early home and a likeness of her mother were 
constantly by her bedside ; and the flowers 
which that mother had loved were always wel- 
comed with double brightness and pleasure, for 
her memory was embalmed with thoughts of a 
pure and gentle life, wholly devoted to brighten 
that of others. 

Under her watchful religious training those 
striking and delicate traits of character were 


developed, which made Ann Balkwill so valued in 
the different relationships of life by those who 
knew her worth ; while from her father she 
received those impressions of profound reverence 
for serious things which marked her whole career, 
and made her perhaps out of harmony with 
anything superficial (though it might be sincere) 
in religious writings and conversation. 

She was married at the age of twenty-six, 
and her life afterwards was chiefly passed at or 
near Plymouth, where her husband's family were 
residents. After twelve years of great happiness 
she was left a widow with six children, and 
experienced the loneliness and sorrow belonging 
to that lot, together with many cares and 
vicissitudes incidental to heavy business anxieties, 
which necessarily pressed upon her till within a 
few years of the close. Through these cares and 
trials, however, her faith in God and in His 
love was preserved ; and from time to time, both 
in private and public, she was constrained to bear 
her testimony to His everlasting goodness, or to 
approach His footstool in vocal prayer. A few 
extracts from letters written at different periods 
may appropriately exemplify the tenour of her 
mind, and perhaps be found instructive and 
helpful to the reader. 


To a daughter at school she writes: — "Dear 
child, don't despise little things, nor think that it 
is of small account to quench the Spirit when 
it teaches of little things, or calls for small 
sacrifices. The practical application of the Cross 
is of far more avail, than ever so large an 
abundance of religious sentiment, either spoken, 
written or agreed to, how good soever these may 
be in their places. Oh, these wayward, impulsive 
ones, how much trouble they bring upon them- 
selves and others, by not bringing their wilfulness 
into subjection ; and oh, how little do young 
people anticipate the blessedness that they procure 
to themselves, when they bow their necks to the 
yoke, and seek to do the Divine Will instead of 
their own." 

On the subject of the ministry she says : — 
" Hidden ones are, I have no doubt, essential to 
every well-ordered Church of Christ, but none 
the less are the messengers required, I believe, 
to do His bidding, and convey His messages 
according to His will. To do this, must they not 
know His voice to speak to them ? and oh, if we 
could not hope for Divine guidance, and more 
especially so in our more public acts in the 
Saviour's name, how could we believe our Bible, 
or where could we turn ? But though not to be 


discerned in the whirlwind or in the fire, yet the 
still small voice we may hopefully believe will 
yet teach 

* The lowly will, in solemn silence bow'd, 
When self, impetuous self, is prostrate laid.' " 

She describes one out of many solemn times 
of evening worship, which she had with one or 
another of her children while the rest of the 
family were at meeting, in these words : — " We 
have just risen from our seats opposite the 
window, where we have been talking of sweet 
and holy things, watching the western sky with 
its varied cloudy exhibitions and stilly radiance. 
Then the evening star appeared, and we held 
our little meeting ; where, with the two gathered 
in His name, He, the blessed one, was, as I 
believe, with us. We sat for awhile in silent 
enjoyment, the words passing through my mind — 
* Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almighty ! which 
was, and is, and is to come ; ' and it seemed to 
me that the whole earth was filled with His 
glory, only that our eyes are mostly holden, that 
they do not see it." 

Her personal experience and inner life she 
confided from time to time to a beloved cousin, 
the sister-friend of early and later years, and 
from very many similar expressions of faith and 



hope we extract the following : — * * * 
" No ; the God of my fathers has never yet for- 
saken me, although at times I have had to be 
still and patient, lest I should lose the faith ; and 
it is given me to believe that He will enable me 
to endure to the end, — will never forsake me, and 
will eventually permit me to join the blessed 
inhabitants of an eternity of light and life and 
love, having redeemed me, even me J" * * 

" How gloriously the future sometimes opens 
before me, when we shall know even as we are 
known, with no more perplexing anxieties or 
fears or uncertainties ! The text, ' And this is 
life eternal, that they might know Thee, the only 
true God, and Jesus Christ whom Thou hast 
sent,' is often with me ; and as His might and 
majesty and wonderfulness (if I may coin a 
word) are unveiled to the mind, with a participa- 
tion of His love, some sense also seems to 
accompany it of what the eternal life must be 
when entered on in its fulness, and freed from 
these poor bodies of ours, and the belongings of 

After a severe attack of hemorrhage from the 
lungs, she was able to bear a testimony very 
precious to survivors, now that her trembling 
hope has been fully realized. 


" I suppose you have heard that I have 
again very nearly slipped over the brink of the 
great river. 0, the unutterable illness and 
distress of body, but none of mind, dear cousins. 
My will was lost in the Divine Will ; I felt that 
His will was the best to be done, — I could rest in 
it ; besides if I were to go then, the promise felt 
very sure that Jesus would be my companion, 
and take me to a habitation prepared for me by 
Himself. Was not this gracious ? I know you 
will not think I am boasting; you know some- 
thing of the oft exceeding povert}^ of soul I have 
experienced, and of my utter nothingness ; so I 
may the more extol the grace." 

Her feeble health and tender heart received 
a severe shock in the autumn of 1873, in the 
unexpected death of a dear son-in-law, and in 
entering with deep sympathy into the bereaved 
condition of her daughter. She seeks to comfort 
her, with the comfort wherewith she herself had 
been comforted of God in her own widowhood. 
" I am glad that I am left to keep very close to 
my darlings side in tender, loving sympathy. 
' So He giveth His beloved sleep ' — and now, as 
a dear friend said on a similar occasion, ' let us 
all be very still.' In this stillness, wondrous 
things are seen and felt. Oh ! those everlasting 


arms ! Mayst thou continue to feel them bearing 
thee up ! May He, the Husband of the widow, 
keep at thy side; for He loves the children of 
men, His lambs and sheep. He will surely bring 
thee to a blessed re-union in the everlasting habi- 
tations ; and may the angels who are near keep 
watch and ward." 

On the night of the 25th of 3rd mo., 1874, 
she suffered very severely from utter prostration, 
and it seemed as if the last hour were arrived. 
She rallied however in a few hours, and the 
intense suffering of that night was never re- 
peated ; but during the week which followed 
many mercies were granted; all fears were re- 
moved for ever, and a full and precious sense of 
perfect participation in the inheritance of eternal 
life, " purchased for her," as she so often said, 
" by her great Redeemer," was her happy por- 
tion. The night of the 29th was a sleepless one, 
but without pain. In it she seemed to have given 
her a foretaste of her heavenly inheritance. In 
speaking to her children, she said : " I seemed 
to be taken an immeasurable distance from you 
(not that I loved you the less), and to be floating 
down the river of death. A new sense seemed 
given me of oneness with Christ and God, des- 
cribed in the words, * I in them and Thou in me, 


that the} 7 may be made perfect in one.' The 
breakers were all behind me ; — before me there 
was not a ripple on the shore ; how strange that 
I feared death ! " 

On the last morning of her life, a beloved 
cousin was admitted to her bedside ; to whom 
she spoke for some time of the precious experi- 
ence then granted her, — calmly and in her 
natural voice, — though often pausing for breath. 
The following memorandum, penned at the time, 
gives some account of this interview. " After 
kissing me she said, ' I wanted to tell thee that I 
have not needed thee, nor indeed any outward 
help (referring to a physical fear of dying ex- 
pressed some months before,) the fear of death is 
so entirely taken away, and I seem to have passed 
over into what I can hardly tell. It is not rap- 
ture, neither do peace nor joy nor rest alone 
express it. It is just perfect — perfect— perfect — ' 
Then as if taking a glance backward over her 
life, she acknowledged how much Divine support 
she had been favoured with, amid occasional out- 
ward trials and darkness. ' Now there is nothing 
but a sense of unutterable love — all love — such 
oneness — so entire, that it seems like living the 
17th chapter of John. Again, referring to the 
sustaining and comforting sense of Divine love, 


she cradled her arms, saying, ' He is carrying me 
like this, dear.' " 

After this visit she sent messages of love, 
encouragement, or advice to different beloved 
ones, and evidently had more such remembrances 
on her mind, if time and strength had permitted 
their expression. Thus for a few hours, her 
heart full of love to God and man, she hovered 
on the verge of the new existence into which she 
was so gently ushered, — and, conscious and col- 
lected to the very last, with most of her children 
around her, quietly fell asleep on the afternoon 
of Fourth day, the 2nd of 4th month, 1874. 
Mary Ballans, 67 1 12 mo. 1873 

Norwich. Widow of David Nainby Ballans. 
John Barker, 73 22 11 mo. 1873 

Kirby Moorside. 
Jos. Doubleday Beamish, 77 13 1 mo. 1874 

Sudbury, Suffolk, 
Eachel Beck, 71 20 2 mo. 1874 

Stamford Hill, London. Widow of Richard 

Low Beck. 
Richard Bell, 71 20 12 mo. 1873 

Lucyville, Whitehouse, near Belfast. An 

William Langtry Bell, 58 27 6 mo. 1874 

Thornhill, Knock, near Belfast. An Elder. 


Christopher L. Bellows, 1J 21 2 mo. 1874 

Sheephouse, near Gloucester. Son of Edward 

Forster and Sarah Elizabeth Bellows. 
Hannah Bellows, 80 17 7 mo. 1874 

Gloucester. Wife of William Lamb Bellows. 
Judith Ann Bennell, 51 2 2 mo. 1874 

Paddington. Wife of Henry J. Bennell. 
Maria Bennell, 44 24 2 mo. 1874 

Hitchin. Daughter of Joseph Bennell. 
William Bennett, 63 28 1 mo. 1874 

Stockport, Cheshire. 
John Bentley, 65 J 8 12 mo. 1873 

Bradford, Yorkshire. 
Esther Best, 74 9 8 mo. 1874 

Sedbergh. Wife of William Greenwood Best. 
Mary Ann Binns, 57 24 12 mo. 1873 

Redland, Bristol. Wife of Charles Binns. 
Sarah Ann Bishop, 58 13 3 mo. 1874 

Deborah Blair, 54 28 12 mo. 1873 

Luckens, near Carlisle. Widow of John Blair. 
Thomas Wm. Boake, 66 15 7 mo. 1874 

Bloomfield, Dublin. Son of Thomas and 

Hannah Boake. 
Allen Boardman, 80 22 6 mo. 1874 

Lostock, West Houghton, Lancashire. 
John Bobiear, Enniscorthy. 57 7 1 mo. 1874 


Ann Bolton, 91 22 3 mo. 1874 

Penheth. Widow of Edward Bolton. 
Benjamin Bottomley, 61 24 5 mo. 1874 

Wooldale, near Huddersfield. 
Arthur Bowman, 3 19 11 mo. 1873 

One Ash, Derbyshire. Son of Ebenezer and 

Hannah Bowman. 
Elizabeth Bowman, 20 18 1 mo. 1374 

Gee Cross, near Hyde. Wife of Sidney Bowman. 
Elizabeth Brady, 71 22 5 mo. 1874 

Birmingham. Widow of Edward Foster Brady. 
Charles Bragg, Lintz Green. 73 17 10 mo. 1874 
Lavinia Salmon Murray Braithwaite, 

Wyersdale. 33 11 8 mo. 1874 

Wife of Thomas Kilner Braithwaite. 
George Brantingham, 43 8 1 mo. 1874 

KinmucJc, Aberdeen. Son of the late George 

and Elizabeth Brantingham. 
Elizabeth Brook, 69 14 5 mo. 1874 

Todmorden. Wife of William Brook. 
Hannah Brown, 56 21 5 mo. 1874 

Bishopsgate Street, London. Widow of Richard 

William Bryant, 70 24 7 mo. 1874 

Surbiton. An Elder. 
Thomas Burgess, 75 9 10 mo. 1874 

Wigston Grange, near Leicester. An Eider. 


Ellen Capper, 54 23 12 mo. 1873 

Milbrook. Wife of Mark Capper. 
Mark Capper, 62 28 7 mo. 1874 

Miibrook, Southampton. 
James Carroll, Cork. 79 14 1 mo. 1874 

Mary Casson, 21£ 30 7 mo. 1874 

Thome, Yorkshire. Daughter of John Calvert 

and the late Elizabeth Casson. 
Not being of a strong bodily constitution, she 
appears to have been early taught in the school 
of Christ. Her illness was short. One of her 
companions writes : " Last week I only saw her 
in an evening, and fearing she would tire herself 
by talking, I generally persuaded her to be still. 
Her face as she lay was often lighted up by a 
beautiful smile, which I felt convinced was of 
Heaven, not of Earth. The Sunday before she 
died, I spent a few hours with her. She said, 
the doctor had told her she would not get better ; 
and she did not feel unhappy, but thankful to 
her Heavenly Father for sparing her dear friends 
the pain of seeing her in constant suffering. She 
said, God had given her everything to make this 
life happy, the kindest and tenderest of relations 
and friends : and although she loved them dearly, 
she did not feel it hard now to give them up, 
because she simply wished to do cheerfully and 


lovingly all that her dear Saviour had given her 
to do. She asked me to repeat any text on trust. 
I repeated John iii. 16. ' God so loved the world 
that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoso- 
ever believeth on Him should not perish, but 
have everlasting life,' — with others. She listened 
intently, and at the conclusion would say, ' that 
is beautiful;' or she would thank me and then 
remain silent, only moving her lips and raising 
her eyes, as if engaged in prayer. She said she 
had been in great pain during the night, and had 
asked Jesus to help her to bear it patiently ; and 
strength seemed to be given her directly. Some 
one repeated a verse from the hymn, ' Safe in 
the arms of Jesus,' which brought a sweet and 
peaceful smile to her face, and I felt sure she 
knew from experience how blessed it is to belong 
entirely to Him. The night before she died, she 
told me her aunt had been speaking to her so 
beautifully about Jesus — she felt very happy. 
She was particularly fond of the lines, — 

' Nothing in my hand I bring, 
Simply to Thy Cross I cling.' " 

To the above account from her kind visitor, 
a little more may be added. On the First-day 
of the week in which she died, she hardly thought 


she should live through the day, but she felt 
Jesus near, helping her under the feeling of 
extreme weakness and sinking. 

She had been very exemplary in attending 
Week-day Meetings, and it was her daily practice 
to read morning and evening from her own Bible. 
Her sister remarks : " I do not think she ever 
missed her favourite passages, ' Him that cometh 
unto me I will in no wise cast out,' and ' The 
blood of Jesus Christ, His Son, cleanseth from 
all sin.' " Her close was remarkably peaceful, 
her breathing gradually becoming shorter and 
shorter, until the spirit left its frail tenement, to 
join in the song of the redeemed for ever and 
Anna Maria Catchpool, 41 1 3 mo. 1874 

King stand, London. Wife of John Catchpool. 
Hannah Charnley, 80 22 1 mo. 1874 

Preston. Widow of Robert Charnley. 
William Cheselden, 75 20 1 mo. 1874 

Charles Chipchase, 39 13 2 mo. 1874 

James Christy, 86 22 5 mo. 1874 

Browning, near Chelmsford. 
Sarah Fox Clark, 81 30 3 mo. 1874 



Alice Susan Clark, 6 16 mo. 1874 

Doncaster. Daughter of Hannah and Richard 

Ecroyd Clark. 
Mary Ann Clarke, 58 14 11 mo. 1873 

Chatteris. An Elder. Wife of William Clarke. 
Philip Clayton, 29 17 8 mo. 1874 

John Clemesha, Hull. 78 4 6 mo. 1874 

Sophia Collinson, 29 13 11 mo. 1872 

Ipswich. Wife of Matthew Henry Collinson. 

(Omitted last year.) 
George Cook, 78 24 3 mo. 1874 

Wellington in Somersetshire. 
Thomas Copeland, 76 16 7 mo. 1874 

Clevedon, Somersetshire. 
Richard Cornish, 76 26 8 mo. 1874 

Redruth, Cornwall. 
Margaret Crosfield, 72 7 12 mo. 1873 

Hannah Cross, 81 27 5 mo. 1874 

Colchester. An Elder. Widow of John Wain- 

wright Cross. 

The declaration of our dear Redeemer, 
" Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall 
see God," — it is believed has been the happy 
experience of this aged Friend. Ever of a meek 
and quiet spirit, she gave evidence of that love 


which " suffereth long and is kind, which thinketh 
no evil, rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in 
the truth." When near the close, she told those 
around her she was " only waiting— looking unto 
Jesus ; " and that she could but praise and adore 
her Heavenly Father for all His great goodness 
to her through a long life. 
Susannah Crcjickshank, 54 26 8 mo. 1874 

Glasgow. Widow of James Cruickshank. 
Jane Cubbidge, 87 20 9 mo. 1874 

Kelvedon, Essex. 
Hannah Dale, 14 2 1 mo. 1874 

Great Ayton. Daughter of William Dale. 
William Darbyshire, 62 4 11 mo. 1873 

Pendleton, Manchester. 
Catherine Davey, 82 2 6 mo. 1874 

Leeds. Widow of Richard Davey. 
Jessie Dell, 34 9 11 mo. 1873 

Paddington. Wife of Joseph Hagen Dell. 
William Rawbonn Dell, 70 10 5 mo. 1874 

Croydon. A Minister. 
William Rawbonn Dell was born at Earl's 
Colne in the County of Essex, and was blessed 
with the care of pious parents, who sought to 
train him in the nurture and admonition of the 
Lord. When about twenty-two years of age we 
find from his memoranda, he was also blessed 



with the Christian care of many of the Friends 
amongst whom he resided. On one occasion he 
says, under date Second month, 12th, 1826, 
" Went up to John Gripper's, and spent an hour 
or two in the evening. This is truly pleasant to 
me to have such a friend, concerned for my good. 
May it be my increasing engagement to seek after 
more devotion of mind, and more watchfulness 
unto prayer." Again on the 16th of the same 
month, he writes, " I walked home with some 
friends. I think them increasingly free and 
sociable with me. I feel it a favour of which I 
am unworthy, that friends are so kind to me ; it 
renders my path much more pleasant." 

The following short extracts from his diary 
may show the state of his mind at this time.— 
Second mo., 17th, 1826. " I pray for help from 
above, to enable me to move on in the right 
way, to be given up with full purpose of heart 
and soul to obey the Lord in all things, to seek, 
not my own, but His glory." 

Sixth mo., 13th. " Attended Essex Quarterly 
Meeting, at which Isaac Stephenson was present. 
My dear grandmother again stood forth to advocate 
the glorious cause of truth. Oh that I may more 
earnestly watch unto prayer, endeavouring to 
preserve a more waiting state, and cheerfully 


submit to every dispensation of my Heavenly 
Father, that I may count all loss and dross, save 
the knowledge of Christ and Him crucified." 

Seventh mo., 2nd, 1826, First-day. " This 
is indeed a most memorable day to me, and a 
very afflicting one too. I went to meeting as 
usual a little before the time, intending to call 
and see dear John Gripper, and lo ! he was no 
more— my dearest friend is gone — he died last 
night soon after eleven o'clock. May I fervently 
pray to the Lord, that as He has in His own 
good pleasure been pleased to remove this, my 
dearest friend, so he may be pleased to guide me 
along the slippery path of life ; and oh ! that I 
may return to Bethel, and renew the covenant as 
at the first." 

Seventh mo., 23rd. " We had a very solemn 
meeting this morning, though Satan is very busy 
in trying to overcome the desires after good ; this 
afternoon he prevailed in keeping my mind very 
unsettled and wandering, so that but little good 
rose into dominion. ***** 
What poor creatures we are, and so prone to err ! 
I desire to be more engaged in watchfulness unto 

It was about this time, and prior to his 
marriage, that he first bore testimony of his love 


to his Saviour, by the utterance of a few words 
in our meetings for worship ; and notwithstanding 
the cares attendant on the bringing up of a large 
family, it was his desire, through a long course of 
years, to occupy faithfully the gifts entrusted to 
him. He was acknowledged as a Minister in 

His diligence in the Lord's service was 
remarkable, and he seemed always to live under 
an abiding concern that his day's work might 
keep pace with the day. He visited the meetings 
of Friends in many parts of England, and held 
many meetings with those not in profession with 
us. At one time he united with his friend 
Edward C. May in holding a series of meetings 
in the theatres in London ; a service which 
yielded peace to his mind. He often spoke as 
feeling himself an unprofitable servant; but 
desiring to be faithful, he made business sub- 
servient to the calls of religious duty. At home 
and amongst his family, his conduct and conversa- 
tion bore evidence of his desire to be a follower 
of a crucified Redeemer. His solicitude for the 
best welfare of his beloved children was often 
expressed in words ; and he sought opportunities 
to bring home to their hearts truths which were 
so precious to himself. 


About three years previous to his death he 
paid a religious visit to Friends in Ireland, and 
afterwards to the meetings in Scotland. His 
health was even then failing ; and on his return 
home, he was unable from increasing weakness 
to give much attention to business. He still how- 
ever frequently attended his own meeting; and 
his voice was often heard in prayer and praise. 
Throughout the whole of his illness, which was 
at times a very suffering one, he was kept in 
patience. He often prayed for the Lord's presence, 
and said he believed there was a mansion pre- 
pared for him, through the mercy of his Saviour. 
He continued to be deeply interested in every- 
thing connected with our Religious Society, and 
his love to his friends was unabated; he often 
said — " I love everybody." 

Thus waiting and watching for the coming 
of his Lord, the summons, though it came at last 
in an unexpected moment, did not find him un- 
prepared. After a quiet sleep, his spirit was 
gently released, without sigh or struggle, from 
the earthly tabernacle, and an admittance granted 
(as we believe) through redeeming love and 
mercy, into one of those mansions which the 
Lord hath prepared for them that love Him. 
Eleanor Dell, Croydon. 43 26 8 mo. 1874 
Daughter of William E. and Elizabeth Dell. 


Bakbaka Dickinson, 71 4 4 mo. 1874 

Denby Dale by Huddersfield. Widow of Abraham 

James Dickinson, Dublin. 70 12 6 mo. 1874 
Ann Dilworth, 85 12 5 mo. 1874 

Colder Bridge. Widow of John Jackson 

Elizabetb Dixon, 55} 20 12 mo. 1873 

Bradford. Wife of James Dixon. 
Maria Louisa Dodshon, 1^ 25 12 mo. 1873 

Waterford. Daughter of Emma and the late 

John Dodshon. 
Ellen Dodshon, Stockton, 25 10 3 mo. 1874 

Daughter of John and Elizabeth Dodshon. 
Sarah Ann Doeg, 60 31 5 mo. 1874 

Stanwix, Carlisle. A Minister. Wife of Robert 


" Thou shalt go to all that I shall send thee, 
and whatsoever I shall command thee, thou shalt 
speak." Jeremiah i, 7. This devoted servant 
of the Lord felt a call of this nature when but 
twenty-six years old, and in obedience thereto, 
had her work appointed her at home and abroad. 
Her noonday labour was allotted among the 
Friends in Norway, and for a period of seven 
years she resided with her husband at Stavanger; 
during which time they were unitedly engaged 


in gospel labour, not only in the place of their 
adopted home, but in largely visiting the people 
by sea and land, and over rugged mountains, 
nourishing and helping many small and scattered 
companies, in their search and apprehension of 
the spiritual nature and privileges of Christ's 

Sarah Ann Doeg was the daughter of John 
and Mary Squire, and was born at Tadlow, a 
village about twelve miles from Cambridge, on 
the 26th of Tenth month, 1813. In very early 
life she lost her mother, and about the age of 
twelve, her father. Her youthful training de- 
volved upon her uncle and aunt, Lovell and 
Sarah Squire of Earith in Huntingdonshire. Her 
parents not being in membership with Friends, 
she was received into the Society with a view to 
being educated at Ackworth School; where she 
remained in training as a teacher of the girls. 
Many can speak of her loving Christian care in 
that capacity. 

In 1836 she was married to Robert Doeg, 
then also a teacher at Ackworth. From the 
records of a private diary, which she kept to 
" stimulate her in the Christian race, and to keep 
her in the spirit of humble dependence," we 
learn much of her hidden and higher life : — the 


growth of religion in her soul, and her first 
exercises in the ministry while yet in Yorkshire, 
her subsequent life in Cumberland, and after- 
wards her foreign services in Norway. 

In 1888 she commemorates her birthday. 
" This day I am twenty-five years old. My 
mind has been deeply humbled in the retrospect 
of the past year. How many have been the 
mercies and blessings of my gracious Heavenly 
Father to His unworthy servant ! But alas ! 
what sins have I to deplore ! what little progress 
have I made in the Christian course ! It is my 
earnest desire to be found pressing forward 
toward the mark for the prize of our high 

Eleventh month, 1st, she writes: " Have 
still to lament the hardness and insensibility of 
my heart. At meeting to-day I was overcome 
with drowsiness, against which I did not strive 
so earnestly as I ought to have done : and he 
who watches for our weakness, knows too well 
where to attack us. merciful Saviour ! suffer 
me not to become a castaway. Thou knowest 
there are times when my soul ardently pants 
after Thee, and longs for greater holiness : but 
O the deceitfulness of sin ! I feel that unless 
Thou art graciously pleased to hold me up, I 


shall fall :— but in Thy hands I am safe. Make 
me wholly Thine. Form and fashion me ac- 
cording to Thy wilL" 

The drowsiness here spoken of arose from 
physical causes, but strict towards herself, she 
did not admit that excuse ; and after long and 
prayerful efforts against it, she overcame this 

Twelfth month, 18th, she says, "I have 
discovered of late a carping, judging disposition 
gaining ground upon me. Instead of seeking for 
the good qualities in my fellow creatures, I have 
been too ready to point out and expose their 
faults. How contrary this to the pure spirit of 
the gospel ! may I be more earnestly engaged, 
instead of looking for the mote in my brother's 
eye, to cast out the beam in my own ! " 

Twelfth month, 31st. " The close of another 
year. Would that I could indeed honestly 
acknowledge a years progress in the Christian's 
path. We have been abundantly blessed with 
temporal blessings, and mercifully dealt with in 
various ways. gracious Father ! be pleased to 
grant an increase of living faith and dedication 
of heart to Thee this coming year, should our 
lives be spared." 

In the Seventh month of 1839, she laments 



not having expressed what was on her mind to 
speak in meeting. On reaching home she retired 
to her chamber, and earnestly entreated for- 
giveness for her disobedience, and strength in 
future. About six weeks after, a more trying 
duty was laid upon her, to write to the master 
and mistress of a public house on the disorders 
that were allowed among their customers ; which 
produced a very angry visit from the mistress. 
Our dear friend was enabled to bear the storm 
calmly, though alone, and writes, " Thou knowest 

Lord, the sincerity of my intentions, the result 

1 desire to leave with Thee." At the Autumn 
Quarterly Meeting, she appears to have been 
strengthened in her secret exercises of mind by 
some remarks of Esther Seebohm, who, after 
observing that we all have some place assigned 
us in the militant church, said, " it is of great 
importance for all to ascertain their duty and 
fulfil it. None must be idle, for that would be 
like the crew of a vessel slumbering when the 
ship was in imminent danger. At the same time, 
it would not do for the men to set themselves to 
work just as they pleased, for that would make 
confusion, and endanger the safety of the vessel. 
Nothing but a patient attention to the word of 
command, and a prompt fulfilment thereof, would 
be likely to steer the ship safely." 


Near the close of the year, that increased 
f dedication of heart," which Sarah Ann Doeg 
had a year before prayed for, was given her, and 
the Lord's strength prevailed over her weakness. 
At the Monthly Meeting at Barnsley,held Twelfth 
month 29th, 1839, it appeared to be her duty in 
the Women's Meeting publicly to acknowledge 
the goodness of her Heavenly Father, — " fear 
not, I am with thee." " I was made willing to 
submit," she says, " but the pause of silence was 
so short, that I let the meeting break up. I 
felt almost overwhelmed. Just at this crisis, a 
message came from the Mens Meeting, requesting 
us to wait awhile. We then settled into solemn 
silence ; and I could not but regard it as a fresh 
invitation not to quench the Spirit. I knelt, and 
though in a faltering voice uttered the following 
petition : ' most gracious and merciful God ! I 
feel bound before I leave this place, to acknow- 
ledge that Thou art indeed a God hearing and 
answering prayer. Oh, be pleased more abun- 
dantly to pour out Thy spirit upon our Society, 
that there may yet be sons and daughters raised 
up among us, who shall be jealous for the honour 
of Thy great and excellent name. ' " 

In the course of 1840, our dear friend 
was led into further ministerial exercises, and 


speaks of walking to Wakefield Meeting, eight 
miles, on a First-day afternoon, after attending 
meeting at Ackworth in the forenoon. On another 
occasion at Pontefract, though under a tempta- 
tion not to engage in prayer, lest she should be 
appearing too often in that manner, she had faith 
given her for the service : and her faith was much 
confirmed by receiving a very kind letter from a 
friend, who acknowledged that after her offering 
in that meeting, he felt a ray of encouragement 
dawn upon his fettered mind. But the hand 
of Divine providence was now leading her to 
another sphere of labour ; in view of which 
she writes on the last day of the year the feelings 
of her heart, as follows : " I have often felt it a 
privilege to belong to York Quarterly Meeting, 
and the unwelcome truth that I must soon leave 
it, will sometimes cause sadness to come over my 
spirit. From my beloved friends in Yorkshire 
I have received unbounded kindness. May the 
Lord reward them abundantly ! " 

In the second month of 1841, Robert and 
Sarah Ann Doeg removed from Ackworth to 
Wigton School, where the duties of housekeeper, 
under circumstances of no ordinary difficulty, de- 
volved upon the latter. After a few weeks' 
experience in this new position, she writes : 


"Last month we left our sweet home and our 
dear friends in Yorkshire, to enter on new and 
untried paths. Hitherto many have been our 
discouragements, some of which are known only 
to the great Searcher of hearts : but if they tend 
to our further purification, they will prove bless- 
ings in disguise. Heavenly Father., thou know- 
est all our wants and weaknesses. Be pleased 
to administer to our necessities, as seemeth good 
in Thy sight. I do at times earnestly long that 
we may be made a blessing to this Institution, 
where I believe Thou, Lord, hast called us to 
labour. Do Thou qualify us, and enable us to 
glorify Thee in our lives and conversation. Clothe 
us with humility as with a garment, and may all 
the praise and all the glory be Thine for ever." 

They remained at Wigton rather more than 
four years, when they retired under the pressure 
of adverse and trying circumstances, and Robert 
Doeg commenced a school on his own account 
in Carlisle, which neighbourhood was afterwards 
their English home. 

Sarah Ann Doeg, still watchful and prayer- 
ful, was enabled under all difficulties to pursue 
her Christian course. In 1844 she writes, " O 
my dearest Heavenly Father ! Thou hast been 
pleased measurably to stain in my view all 



earthly possessions, and to create at times in my 
heart ardent desires after holiness and Thee, and 
the enjoyments of heaven. * * 

," To Jesus, the crown of my hope, 
My soul is in haste to be gone. 
* * * 

" But why do I wish to be gone ? 

Do I seek from temptations to flee ? 
And shall I do nothing for One, 

Who was once such a sufferer for me ? " 

Near the end of the same year, she records a day 
of heavenly rejoicing. " Eleventh month, 3rd. 
How have I been helped and sustained this day ! 
praises, high praises to Israel's Shepherd, who 
still condescends at seasons sweetly to refresh 
even the least of His flock. May I be en- 
couraged to trust and not be afraid, even though 
the waves and the billows may threaten to over- 
whelm : for ' the Lord on high is mightier than 
the noise of many waters; yea, than the mighty 
waves of the sea.' In our morning meeting I 
ventured on my knees on behalf of those pre- 
vented from assembling with us by sickness. 
Sweet peace followed, which in the afternoon 
was permitted, through adorable condescension, 
to flow as a river in that heart, which has of 
late known what it is to be * tossed with tempest 


and not comforted.' the sweetness of the 
calm, when it pleases our compassionate Saviour 
to arise and say, ' Peace, be still.' " The evening 
was spent in a religious visit to the poor people 
in the workhouse, and the whole day seemed 
full of the blessing of the Lord. 

In a memorandum in 1846, she again speaks 
of the contriting influence of her Heavenly 
Father's love. " The query," she says, " was 
addressed to my inward ear, * Lovest thou me ? ' 
to which my heart could in truth reply, * yea, 
Lord, Thou knowest that I love Thee.' ' Feed 
my sheep/ said the same gentle intimation, and 
the language of my soul was, ' Give me food for 
them, for I have nothing of my own to set before 
them.' " Thus was she continually led to the 
source and head-spring of spiritual strength. 
In one meeting, she says, " the expression of my 
dear friend H. B. was brought before me ; who, 
when asked on her deathbed if she would like 
some Christian minister sent for, to pray for her, 
replied, ' nay, if there be a God in Israel, I will 
seek Him for myself.' " 

Being oppressed with domestic cares, owing 
to the illness of their servant, the following verses 
were brought home with instruction to her mind, 
with a prayer for faith practically to adopt them : 


" What is it to cast the care upon God ? 
Is it to keep the heaviest load ? 

To lay some trifling weight aside ? 
Still taking thought for every hour, 
As if the Lord's protecting power 

Were still unknown, at least untried : 
* * * 

" Is this to cast the care upon God ? — 

" No ! the believer doth not so. 
As Shiloh's waters softly go, 

He keeps his calm and even way. 
No evil tidings doth he fear : 
His heart is fixed, his God is near, 

His strength is equal to his day." 

Dependence upon God, and service for Him, 
became the frequent aspiration of her soul. She 
laments not having improved the conversation at 
a company invited to tea; at another time regrets 
dismissing the servants after the evening reading, 
without expressing her concern for their good. 
She had often asked for ability to minister to 
their spiritual benefit, and when the ability was 
given, she shrank from the duty. 

A wider field of gospel labour was however 
opened for her and her dear husband. Asbjorn 
Kloster from Norway, then a youth, had been for 
some time a pupil in Robert Doeg's school at 


Harraby Hill, with the view of acquiring an 
English education, to qualify himself as a teacher 
of Friends' children in his native country. The 
interest thus excited in the Norwegian friends, 
and a pressing invitation from this pupil, induced 
them in the summer of 1854 to visit Stavanger. 
Their intercourse with the Friends there, many 
of whom were, though " poor in this world, rich 
in faith," and simple-minded in their reception of 
the truth, issued in a drawing of heart on the 
part of the English visitors, to take up their 
abode among them. Many obstacles presented 
themselves, but all were gradually removed : and 
two years after, in 1856 they left their native 
land, and settled at Stavanger in the outskirts 
of the town, on an elevation called Kleven (the 

The acquisition of the language was of course 
one of the first things to attend to : but there were 
several Norway Friends who had a competent 
knowledge of English ; and with some of them as 
interpreters, Sarah Ann Doeg soon saw it her 
place, not only to use her ministerial gift at her 
new home, but many times to visit the little 
churches around. Most of these visits involved 
much exposure to weather in open boats, sitting 
for hours at times, under the inclemency of wind 


and water. Yet all this she endured with much 
fortitude, and less suffering at the time than might 
have been anticipated, at least in the earlier years 
of her Norwegian life. 

In most, if not all the places visited, meet- 
ings were held, not with Friends only, but with 
others also : and there is no doubt that her 
labours were blessed. Some of those who accom- 
panied her had themselves gifts in the ministry, 
and the spreading of the Truth prospered. It was 
an opportune time for such labour. The period 
from 1850 to 1870 was marked by the largest 
accession to the members and adherents of the 
Society of Friends, known in that country : — and 
they were visited again and again, both from 
England and America. About the year 1860, 
there were some 360 who more or less regularly 
attended meetings, of whom more than one-third 
were recorded members. Notwithstanding fre- 
quent emigrations to America, the Society con- 
tinued to increase. In Stavanger itself, 100 or 
upwards assembled every First-day, both in the 
forenoon and afternoon. 

The first three years of Sarah Ann Doeg's 
residence in] Norway, were largely occupied in 
travelling with her husband from place to place. 
Their first journey seems to have been across the 


Bukke Fjord northwards, to Sovde, at the ex- 
tremity of one of the smaller fjords opening from 
the main one. Our friend writes 8th mo., 10, 
1856, " A memorable First-day spent with our 
dear friends in the country. We left Stavanger 
about one p.m. on Sixth-day, and were favoured 
to arrive at Sovde about six o'clock the next 
evening, after travelling fifty miles or more in 
an open boat, (lodging at a house on the way.) 
Friends are very kind, but very poor ; and the 
best accommodation they can offer is very in- 
different. So when our breakfast was finished, 
we sought a retired place among the rocks for 
reading, &c, till meeting. Here I felt indeed 
somewhat ' like a pelican in the wilderness, or a 
sparrow alone upon the house top.' A sense of 
our lonely position, and what brought us here, 
came vividly before me, causing the tears to flow 
freely. We had a large gathering of poor people, 
many I believe of the Lord's poor ; to whom 
He enabled two dear friends and my poor self 
to minister. The afternoon meeting was about 
as large as the forenoon, say 100 present. We 
left directly after meeting, and were favoured to 
reach Stavanger about seven the following even- 
ing with peaceful and thankful feelings. Blessed 
be Thy name, Lord, Thou art indeed true to 



Thy promise, to help those who call upon Thee." 
In the following month they extended their 
journey to "Roldal : about eighty miles by land 
and water. Arriving late in the evening, the 
descent from the mountain in the dark was some- 
what perilous, but they escaped with only a few 
falls and slight bruises. Seventh-day was occu- 
pied with visits to some Friends at their homes. 
In the evening a pretty large company assembled 
in one of the houses, and a favoured meeting was 
held, in which four of the party shared in the 
service. In the morning of First-day, " we went 
over the lake (six miles) " says the diary, " to 
another little colony professing with us. We 
had a solemn meeting. Precious ftrstfruits were 
offered on the Lord's altar, in praise and thanks- 
giving by our young friend T. S. Here I lost an 
opportunity of doing something for my Lord, by 
not pressing through difficulties to hold a public 
meeting in the afternoon, and felt the more tried 
by finding, when it was too late, another friend's 
mind was similarly impressed. We returned to 
an evening meeting at the other end of the lake : 
and after the meeting many stayed for religious 
conversation, so that it was past eleven before we 
could get to bed. Breakfasted at six o'clock the 
next morning ; and when we were ready for read- 


ing, many others assembled; and notwithstanding 
my shortcomings, my gracious Lord opened a 
door for me at the footstool of mercy. Two 
others added something afterwards, and we pre- 
pared to depart." Several were saluted in gospel 
love as they ascended the mountain, " and then/' 
continues the writer, " on my little horse, I 
ascended and descended the steeps with peaceful 
feelings. We did not arrive at Sand (near the 
entrance of that fjord) till almost midnight, — 
very weary all of us. — Off again next morning 
early. As we stood waiting for the boat, my mind 
was drawn in sympathy and love to a youth who 
had come with us, in obedience to ' the powers 
that be,' summoned to prepare for service as a 
soldier. One of our company asked him if he 
would be man's soldier, or a soldier of Jesus 
Christ? He turned away and wept. I en- 
deavoured to encourage him to be faithful to his 
God, and not to fear man. (This young man 
afterwards cheerfully endured imprisonment in 
Bergen Castle for not serving.) We breakfasted 
in the boat. A chapter was read, and a very 
solemn silence followed. Precious was the canopy 
of love spread over us, as our boat lay at rest on 
the still waters of the Fjord : and on the bended 
knee I poured out my full heart in thanksgiving 



and praise. — Towards evening we turned a little 
out of our course to see two Friends on the 
Island Bando. About nine p.m. the moon rose 
majestically over the hill tops. A fine breeze 
sprang up; and amidst aurora, sheet-lightning, 
and beautiful phosphorescence of the waves, we 
sailed peacefully home." 

The first return of Sarah Ann Doeg's birth- 
day after settling in Norway, was marked by a 
special manifestation of the people's love and 
Christian regard. " About thirty country Friends 
with ourselves," she says, " took tea at Endre 
and Marie Dahl's, and an instructive time we 
had together." The 29th and 30th chapters of 
Deuteronomy were read, and after one or two 
religious discourses, an improving familiar con- 
versation on heavenly things was kept up for 
some time, till by degrees the company dispersed. 

Among a people thus thirsting for religious 
instruction and fellowship, our friends found 
continual opportunities in private houses and 
public assemblies to labour for Christ. With the 
return of spring, we find them again on the move. 
In the Third month, 1857, S. A. Doeg records 
being at Tjossem, accompanied by a native Friend 
who was clothed with gospel authority, and an 
able preacher. Here, and on their return by 


water calling at a small island, the time was filled 
up with various exercises; neighbours coming in, 
the Scriptures were read, and spiritual subjects 
made the topic of conversation, interspersed with 
reference to elucidatory texts. " It was a lively 
time, and the people seemed unwilling to depart." 

In the Fourth month, she united in a visit to 
the rugged district of Qvinnesdal, in the south. 
"We 'had five public meetings," she says, "so 
crowded that it was impossible for the people to 
sit, and in some instances they could not all stand 
in the house, but pressed to the windows outside. 
We parted after one of these opportunities ; we 
to return to Stavanger, the others for further 
service among the mountains." 

During the following month, another journey 
was made northwards to Findo and the Star 
Islands. Sometimes faith and courage sank, 
then the promises, " I will strengthen thee, yea I 
will help thee, yea I will uphold thee with the 
right hand of My righteousness," produced calm 
and confidence. Good meetings were gathered, 
the people coming in, in one instance for half- 
an-hour together, till the house was crowded, and 
four others besides our dear friend, ministered 
to the assembly: — after which a long row till 


Other voyages and journeys occupied the 
summer of 1857, and even late in the year two 
were accomplished, though not without some 
danger. Approaching Tedneland in the Tenth 
month, and getting a little wrong in the dark, a 
feeling of fear arose, followed by a sweet sense 
of gratitude on their safe arrival, with the query 
inwardly suggested, " Canst thou doubt My kind- 
ness and My care ? " and the answer rose, " Nay, 
Lord ; Thou hast given me too many proofs of it 
for that." After a visit to Strandsogn (the 
parish of Strand) towards the end of the Eleventh 
month, the return voyage through wind and snow 
was severe, " the waves appearing at times as if 
they would really swallow us up, and many a 
wetting we got. I endeavoured," continues 
S. A. Doeg, " to cast all my care on the Lord, 
and my mind became tolerably calm, in the re- 
membrance that we were in His hands whom 
winds and waves obey. I was more than once 
reminded of the text, ' Thou rulest the raging of 
the sea; when the waves thereof arise, Thou 
stillest them.' — Wet through and cold, we arrived 
home in safety, and surely our gratitude is due to 
the Lord, that no ill consequences to our health 
have ensued." 

In the summer of 1858, an extensive voyage 


along most of the broken coast of Norway was 
undertaken, in company with her husband, and 
their kind Christian fellow-labourer Endre Dahl, 
to the remote town of Tromso in the Arctic 
Regions. The actual distance is 900 miles, but 
as the steamers called at many ports, some of 
them considerably within the fjords, as well as at 
the Lofoden Islands, the space travelled would be 
1200 miles or upwards. The journey took nine 
days, including delays. 

Tromso had been previously visited by James 
Backhouse and Lindley Murray Hoag in 1853. 
Some years after that, a remarkable religious 
movement took place, from the preaching of one 
Lammas from Skien in the South of Norway: 
and what was called The Free Church was 
established, renouncing the ritualism so prevalent 
among the Lutherans. Some members went 
further than their brethren, and met after the 
manner of Friends : in fact they were called 

So jealous were the Elders of the Free 
Church of the presence of these Friends from 
Stavanger, that they dissuaded their members 
from any intercourse with them : yet though the 
door for public meetings was thus closed alike 
by Lutherans and the followers of Lammas, 

e 2 


many private interviews were had, and the little 
company of Friends met every evening for reading 
the Holy Scriptures and for religious fellowship. 
Endre Dahl returning home, the English Friends 
concluded after solemn conference to remain for 
awhile. Sarah Ann Doeg felt this separation 
keenly, but was impressed with the text, " Ye 
shall not go out in haste, &c," and cast her care 
and burden on the Lord. A few days after, they 
called on a member of the Free Church, who 
received them with openness. Several others 
came in, and they stayed tea. Afterwards they 
had a chapter read, and both our Fiiends were 
enabled to address them in the Norsk language, 
to the tendering of their hearts together. t4 We 
could indeed acknowledge (say they) that the 
Lord was with us of a truth." Various other 
meetings and calls were made, and in a few 
weeks they found themselves again at their 
Stavanger home, their cup running over with 
the Divine consolations. 

The labours of three summers were however 
followed by sickness, under which Sarah Ann 
Doeg was brought very low, and confined to 
bed; but, pleading the merits of her adorable 
Redeemer, found "an anchor to the soul, both 
sure and steadfast." She was however raised up 


again : if not to make long and fatiguing journeys, 
yet enabled with her dear husband still to work 
for her Saviour in the field to which He had 
called them. From time to time, many of those 
whom they had sought out in the islands and 
mountains, renewed their Christian fellowship 
with them in their own home ; and they had the 
evidence that their work and their sacrifices were 
owned by Him who is Head of the Church, and 
divideth His gifts to every one severally as He will. 
At the end of 1859, our dear friend and her 
husband paid a visit of some months to their 
native land. On their passage from Stavanger 
they encountered a very severe storm. " Landed 
(she writes) at Christiansand on the 7th of 
Eleventh month, with thankful hearts for preser- 
vation from the perils of the deep." * * So 
furious and alarming was the tempest, that she 
says, " I prayed earnestly again and again, that 
if consistent with the Lord's will, the storm might 
abate, and we be preserved from a watery grave. 
But it felt to me as if there was no entrance for 
my prayer : and the query was darted through 
my mind — ' Art thou a Christian ? if thou art, 
what hast thou to fear? what will it matter* 
whether thou find a watery grave, or die in thy 
bed ? If thou art a child of God, He will receive 


thee for His Son's sake, and the change will be 
to thee unspeakably glorious.' — I thought I was 
a child of God ; I knew that I desired to be one : 
but I could not come to that perfect willingness 
either to live or to die, — the ability to say from 
the heart, ' Thy will, Lord, not mine, be done,' 
that I wished for. And now my gracious God 
has given me ' my life for a prey : ' — that it 
may be renewedly devoted to His service ! " 

While in England our dear friend had a 
painful attack of sciatica: and though restored 
from the active effects of this complaint, other 
consequences were afterwards exhibited, which 
ended in permanent debility. With fluctuating 
health, she remained another three years and-a- 
half resident in Stavanger. She had a seven 
weeks' confinement to her room in the winter of 
1860-1 ; and an attack of rheumatic fever at the 
end of 1862, so severe, that for three months she 
was unable to dress herself without assistance* 
The disease settled in her knees : but when 
partially restored, " I live in hope (she said) 
that my good and gracious Lord, who has done 
so much for me, will yet enable me to go up to 
the assembly of His people, and praise His holy 
name once more on the bended knee, who is 
worthy, worthy, everlastingly worthy." This 


request was granted. But her journeyings up 
and down to see her friends, and " to impart to 
them some spiritual gift," were over; yet when 
others were going on such errands, her spirit 
went with them in fervent prayer. 

It is believed the social influence that Sarah 
Ann Doeg exercised during her residence in 
Norway was of great service, as well as her deep 
religious exercises, and her feeling sympathy. 
Always unselfish, she would spend and be spent 
to promote either the physical, moral, or religious 
improvement of others ; especially in a country, 
where the poverty and necessities of the humbler 
classes originated frequent visits to their houses 
of a benevolent character, in which she often en- 
deavoured to direct attention to higher concerns. 
Her knowledge of Homoeopathic medicine was 
much valued. At one time she had on her list 
the names of about 100 patients : and when at 
home, she regularly set aside an hour or two 
every morning in attending to them. Her practice 
was attended with some instances of remarkable 
success, and the gratitude of the poor people was 
touching. " Would that I were equally grateful," 
she would say, " to my Heavenly Father for His 
many gifts to me." 

She finally returned to England in the 


summer of 1863. But the rheumatic gout with 
which she was afflicted was incurable. For some 
years she suffered great pain in the joints, limbs 
and fingers, till they became stiffened, so as to 
render her helpless. For a time she could feed 
herself with difficulty, but this eventually failed. 
Just enough muscular action remained in the 
hand, to enable her to write with a pencil placed 
between the fingers, and only three days before 
her death she wrote in this way to one of her 

Those who had the privilege of visiting her 
in her long affliction and helplessness, can surely 
never forget the pattern of Christian tranquillity, 
the bright and sunny cheerfulness, and even 
vivacity of mind she exhibited ; giving evidence 
of that peace the world cannot give or take away, 
of that rest that remaineth for the people of God, 
of the everlasting arm that can support in all 
weakness. On the 25th of Fourth month, 1870, 
she made the following memorandum :— " While 
sitting alone this morning, my heart was sweetly 
humbled and contrited by a sense of my Heavenly 
Father's love. So sweet and so precious was the 
sense of nearness and communion with Him 
whom my soul loveth, that all seemed for a time 
absorbed in the longing desire, ' Abide with me' 


Oh, how utterly unworthy I am to be thus re- 
membered, and visited with the * dayspring from 
on high ! ' for truly I often feel myself com- 
parable to the barren field, or the withered 

The above was written at Hightown near 
Haltwhistle, where she had gone a second time 
to be under the care of John Hurman, at his 
establishment for invalids ; from whose Christian 
kindness and treatment she derived more benefit 
than from any other means that had been tried. 
She remained many months each time, and in a 
small degree recovered the use of some of her 
limbs: though her helplessness returned when 
she came home. She was however able at times 
to be wheeled out on a fine day in a Bath chair, 
and occasionally to go to meetings, where her 
voice was still heard in testimony or in prayer, 
to the edification of her friends. 

The last fatal attack of illness was short. 
After little more than two nights and the inter- 
vening day, she closed her eyes in peace with no 
apparent pain, not the slightest motion, not a 
sigh, — so calmly, the precise moment could not 
be ascertained. 
Mary Hannah Dougill, 29 6 8 mo. 1874 

Almondbury near Huddersfteld. Daughter of 

John and Mary Dougill. 


Robert Chapman Doyle, 31 2 4 mo. 1874 

Carrick on Suir, Tipperary. 
Joseph Drewry, 5 2 5 mo. 1874 

Fleetwood. Son of William and Ann Drewry, 
George Dymond, 45 4 11 mo. 1873 

Maria Edwards, 82 10 2 mo. 1874 

Colthouse, near Hawkshead t Windermere. 
Elizabeth Eliott, 26 2 5 mo. 1874 

Plymouth. Daughter of Samuel and Jane 

Joseph Henry Ellis, 42 25 4 mo. 1874 

Stoneleigh, near Leicester. 
John Evans, M.D., 68 15 9 mo. 1873 

Bray, County Wichlow. 
Mary Evans, 77 29 1 mo. 1874 

Sidcot. Widow of John Evans of Warwick. 
Frances Rebecca Everett, 62 12 3 mo. 1874 

East Harling, Norfolk. Wife of John Everett. 
Mary Faren, 18 29 6 mo. 1874 

Ballymacarrety Belfast. Daughter of Joseph 

and Elizabeth Faren. 
Anthony Rogers Fewster, 83 20 11 mo. 1873 

Nailsworth. A Minister. 
Godfrey Fisher, 10 16 1 mo. 1874 

Bray, County Wicklow. Son of Thomas White 

and Eliza C. Fisher. 


Mary Fletcher, Leigh. 72 25 10 mo. 1874 
Mary Flounders, 83 19 2 mo. 1874 

Liverpool. An Elder. Widow of Jonathan 

Mary Forster, 87 24 2 mo. 1873 

Tottenham. An Elder. 
Robert Forster, 81 11 10 mo. 1873 

Tottenham. An Elder. 
Anne Forster, 76 14 10 mo. 1873 

We here record the names of three more of 
the Forsters of Tottenham, all removed in the 
year 1873, and all in their respective spheres 
" rich in good works." " They rest from their 
labours, and their works do follow them." And 
we may believe they are of those, to whom the 
the Son of Man from the throne of His glory will 
say, " Come, ye blessed of My Father, * * * 
for I was a stranger, and ye took Me in, — I was 
sick and in prison, and ye ministered unto Me." 


A short though suffering illness, occasioned 
by an accident, terminated the life of this beloved 
and honoured one. The striking humility and 
simplicity of her character would have made her 
shrink from the thought of being brought before 
her friends in this way, and yet it seems due to 
the many by whom she was so beloved, that 


some little tribute of this kind should be given. 

From early life she loved and honoured her 
Saviour. "Ye are not your own; for ye are 
bought with a price," seemed indelibly marked on 
her heart ; and thus the fruits of the Spirit were 
brought forth in no common degree. Possessing 
a large and well cultivated mind, with great 
benevolence, she was able to enjoy the many 
interests of the Christian's life ; so that whilst 
firmly attached to the principles of the Society 
of Friends, and occupying for very many years 
the station of Elder, a position in which she was 
greatly valued, her experience was, that some 
differences of religious views need not separate 
true Christians from one another. Both as 
regarded relative and domestic ties, as well as an 
enlarged sphere of action, her time and talents 
were remarkably devoted to the service and help 
of others. At an early age her character was so 
matured, that she was her brother Josiah Forster's 
very helpful companion when he commenced his 
school at Southgate ; a school at that day of high 
standing. She undertook the sole domestic 
management of this establishment, and was loved 
and valued by those with whom she was asso- 

For more than twenty years her home was 


with some dear relatives at Plymouth ; one of 
them deeply attached to her thus writes of that 
period of her life : — " I am truly glad to be 
allowed to add my tribute of most affectionate 
remembrance of those years, when the course of 
our lives ran side by side. Of the blessing she 
was to us who dwelt with her under the same 
roof, it is difficult to say enough, nor is it easy 
fully to write of her unselfishness, her bene- 
volence, her affection, her works of faith and 
labours of love, of her cheerfulness, and her lively 
appreciation of the good and the beautiful, thus 
carrying out the Apostolic rule—' Whatsoever 
things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, 
whatsoever things are of good report, — think on 
these things.' In the circle around us, and it 
was large then, -she was deeply valued and greatly 
beloved. In the families of which it was com- 
posed, the name of Mary Forster was as a house- 
hold word, cherished at the time, cherished after 
she was withdrawn from amongst them, cherished 
I doubt not still by the few survivors of that once 
large and happily united circle." 

During that time, and after her return to her 
home at Tottenham in 1834, her sympathies were 
especially called forth for those who had fallen 
into vice and misery, and she was thus ready to 


unite with others in the great work of visiting 
and helping female prisoners ; and to the latest 
period of her life her heart was still in the 
work. She never seemed to enjoy life more than 
when engaged in works of benevolence, and 
would most cheerfully bear physical suffering to 
do so, when her natural strength was declining. 

It was on the Fourteenth of Second month, 
1873, that the sad accident occurred, which occa- 
sioned severe injury to the hip. Her sufferings 
from the first were very great ; but when at any 
time relieved, she was always ready to speak of 
it, saying, " Now I am comfortable " — " Yes, 
very ; I have no pain " — " I have had some 
sleep "—-with other grateful expressions. 

Very sweet and patient was her spirit through- 
out this most touching illness ; and in the last 
conflict it was evident to those around her, that 
our gracious Lord was near to sustain and com- 
fort her. To this most precious assurance, she 
more than once assented, saying, " Oh, yes ; " 
" yes " — and seemed comforted with texts of Holy 
Scripture, and a few hymns that were occasionally 
repeated, asking for them, and desiring that we 
would pray for her; more than once she said. 
" it cannot be long." Oh, the sweet smile, that 
was on the countenance when the last breath 


was drawn, — did seem to tell that the joys of 
heaven were hers. It was on the 24th of Second 
month, 1873, about seven o'clock in the morning, 
that she was called away to be "for ever with 
the Lord." 

One of her relations, looking back now over 
long past years, says, " with regard to my dear 
cousin Mary Forster, I might almost say, * I 
thank my God on every remembrance of thee. ' " 


In reviewing the active Christian course of 
this much valued Friend, we are reminded of our 
Saviour's answer to the enquiring scribe, recorded 
with slight variation in three of the Evangelists, 
that the first of all the commandments is, to love 
the Lord thy God with all thy heart and strength 
and mind ; and the second is like unto it, namely, 
thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. It 
appears to have been his early aim and prayer, to 
walk in the way of these great commandments. 
His affections were very strong, and for his 
parents he maintained a reverential love and 
honour. Especially did he strive to comfort and 
cheer them in their declining days. His love 
and kindness were not however limited to merely 
family ties, but he learnt the great lesson of evan- 
gelical benevolence ; that every man is a brother, 

f 2 


and everyone we find in trouble a neighbour, to 
share our love and aid. 

He was born in the year 1792, and at the 
age of nineteen, we find the following thoughts 
occupying his mind : — 10th mo., 1811. " Walked 
over to Wembley and back (about twenty-six 
miles) to attend to business. During such lone- 
some walks, while the mind is lifted up to con- 
templation, I am often led with astonishment to 
admire the beauteous works of God's creation; 
and can frequently cry aloud to the Lord, and 
praise His boundless love thus displayed, in 
allotting to His creature, man, such numberless 
unmerited mercies." 

The year following, 1812, his mind is much 
impressed with the noble and pious exertions of 
many of his countrymen, in support of the British 
and Foreign Bible Society, and " earnestly do I 
crave (he writes) of Almighty God His blessing 
on their endeavours. Should any opportunity 
offer for my assisting in any way this noble work, 
I hope to spare no pains, but readily do what I 
can, be it ever so small." At this period the Bible 
Society was beginning to extend its operations, 
though its annual income was only one-sixth of 
what it is now. The memorandum was followed 
by a prayer ; "O Thou who art my God, my 


* Father, and my Friend, be pleased more and 
more clearly to shew Thy Divine will concerning 
me. Enable me, when I read the Holy Scriptures, 
clearly to disceru the true meaning, that by Thy 
assistance I may lead a life conformable thereto, 
that I may grow in grace, and increase in favour 
more and more with Thee, hoping for mercy 
and salvation at the last day, through the media- 
tion of the dear Redeemer. Into Thy hands, O 
Lord, I commit myself." 

While however his brother Josiah was led 
to throw his energies for many years into the 
executive work of the Bible Society, Robert 
Forster, with like industry and perseverance, 
enlisted himself in the work of the British and 
Foreign School Society. At the age of twenty, he 
writes from the schoolroom, Tottenham, on the 
first opening of the Boys' Lancasterian School, 
which he had taken a great part in establishing : 
" I record with pleasure the satisfaction I have 
this morning felt in registering the boys for school. 
We have received eighty. The parents express 
great thankfulness ; and I hope both they and 
their children will have cause to bless the day, on 
which so good a work was begun, and that the 
Lord may regard it for good ; into whose hands I 
desire to commit the work." 


As we find it now, his observing mind even 
then, soon came in contact with the great enemy 
of the improvement contemplated. 21st of 8th mo., 
1814. " I see almost daily with increasing sorrow 
the evil effects of drunkenness ! and what misery 
the public houses occasion ! While the labourer 
is spending his hard-earned wages, how his family 
are suffering at home, not only the want of proper 
support ; but by the baneful effects of such evil 
doings, the poor children's morals are laid waste ! 
* * The evil is enormous, its effects are terrible 
and destructive. It is indeed high time that some 
steps were taken to remove this growing and 
crying sin ! " 

Side by side with active Christian labour, we 
find the practice of private devotion. " My heart 
is overflowing with love, (25th of 9th mo., 1841)— 
fervent are my desires for the happiness and well- 
being of my fellow-creatures. I long that all may 
come to the knowledge of the truth, and be saved. 
My heart is led tenderly to sympathize with those 
who suffer, from whatever cause ; and I long 
that the consolations of the gospel may abound* 
Religion is the cure for every wound which sin 
inflicts : it is the healing balm for every sorrow 
which God permits. O God! quicken in me, I 
pray Thee, yet more love to Thee, and more 


devotedness to the interests of mankind. O 
redeem me from the love of earthly things : 
enable me to live loose to the world and its 
entangling cares : and setting my affections on 
heaven, may I know my heart and treasure to be 

His untiring industry in the cause of popular 
education is very cordially acknowledged by the 
committee of the British and Foreign School 
Society, on the occasion of his death. They say : 
" Mr. Robert Forster joined the committee in 
the year 1817, and from the very first took a most 
unusual interest in the work of the society. He 
soon became distinguished above others, by the 
regularity of his attendance, being scarcely ever 
absent ; by his incessant labours ; and by the 
almost enthusiastic attachment to the great prin- 
ciple of freedom of conscience, in connexion with 
Scriptural education for all. During the fifty-six 
years that his name was on the list of the com- 
mittee, he was, until laid aside by illness, 
unsparing in the dedication of his time and 
strength to the service of the society, — a service 
which was to him not a toil, but a joy. * * 
His advocacy of it, both personally and by corres- 
pondence, was unwearied. For many years, in 
times of depression and trial, he seemed to be 


essential to the Institution, He was the referee 
in every difficulty, and always ready to take his 
full share both of labour and responsibility." * * 

We may add to the above remarkable testi- 
mony, that Robert Forster was a hearty and 
diligent fellow-labourer in the work of the Anti- 
Slavery Society, and faithful to the many calls 
upon his time and energy in connection with the 
Society of Friends. He was for many years an 
Elder and a member of the Meeting for sufferings : 
and was especially distinguished by his feeling 
and kind encouragement to all in trouble, and 
particularly to young men. Yet by wisely re- 
deeming the time, his active philanthrophy had 
full play, while fully engaged in his ordinary 

After passing the age of sixty, he reviews his 
standing. 12th mo., 1852. " The day is far spent, 
the eveuing of life has commenced. Already I 
have entered the seventh decade of years. Very 
solemn have been my feelings in viewing the 
past, present, and future ! Lord ! so teach me 
to number my days, that I may apply my heart 
unto wisdom. I feel some ability to adopt the 
language, ' I have none in heaven but Thee, O 
Lord! and none on earth that I desire in com- 
parison of Thee.' O Lord ! under a feeling sense 


of manifold sins of omission and commission, I 
would humbly ask Thy forgiveness for the sake 
of Jesus Christ, my dear Saviour. Grant, O 
Lord, Thy constraining and restraining grace 
may be with me ; that, being kept from the evil 
workings of a heart prone to sin, I may be daily 
devoted to Thy service. Grant that I may love 
Thee with increased earnestness and fervour, and 
be found manifesting my love by keeping Thy 
commandments, and loving my fellow-men as 
myself. blessed Jesus ! Thou art touched with 
a feeling of my infirmities : succour me, I pray 
Thee, in every time of need." 

For the last several years, Robert Forster 
was much withdrawn from public life, under a 
gradual decline of the mental powers, and much 
physical weakness, which was considerably in- 
creased by an injury in the back. All this was 
very affecting to behold; but it was instructive 
and comforting to witness his great patience and 
cheerful submission. Full of love to all, his was 
an atmosphere of peace : and it was very evident 
that he, who had in his day of vigour prayed for 
constraining and restraining grace, was now up- 
held and comforted to the end, by the Saviour's 
sustaining grace also. " God is love : and he 
who dwelleth in love, dwelleth in God, and God 
in him." (I John, iv. 16.) 



It is with a sense of personal bereavement 
to very many, far and near, as well as to her 
beloved surviving sisters, that some record is 
given of this precious Friend, who was indeed a 
light in her own home, and in the village in which 
she lived for so many years ; and a centre of love 
and sympathy to a large circle of Friends. To 
those who knew her intimately, there was a charm 
in her gentle manners and sweet countenance, 
and a felt power of sustaining help in her deep 
sympathy and faithful unchanging friendship, 
especially in seasons of trial and affliction. 

Her kindness to those suffering from illness 
was one channel in which her Christian sympathy 
often flowed. She was unwearied in her efforts 
to devise means to alleviate their sufferings, and 
by kind and loving words to soothe and cheer 
those, who were experiencing the many trials 
which are so often the portion of the invalid. 
Thus her removal is felt to be a great loss to 
many suffering ones. 

Much of her time and talents were cheerfully 
spent in benevolent efforts to relieve the poor, 
and to educate the ignorant ; and in seeking to 
elevate this class of society, both morally and 
spiritually. She was diligent in her labours of 


love. The duty of rightly using the passing 
hours as they fly, and of redeeming the time, 
seemed ever on her mind, even from very early 
life. Thus did she afford a practical lesson of 
obedience to the Apostolic precept, " Not slothful 
in business, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord." 

Her Christian character was more evinced 
by her daily actions and habitual feelings, than 
by much expression in words. But the sweet 
savour of her gentle and loving spirit, and the 
records contained in her private journals, evince 
a truly exercised mind, concerned to press forward 
in the Christian life, for the prize of the high 
calling of God in Christ Jesus. 

Her life latterly was much bound up with 
that of her beloved brother, Robert Forster, 
especially when his state of health made him 
very dependent on the watchful and soothing 
attentions of his sisters. Her heart yearned 
towards him, when feeble and declining, with 
peculiar tenderness ; and when suddenly at last, 
in his case, the silver cord of life was loosed, and 
the golden bowl was broken, it seemed as if her 
work on earth was ended. 

She survived the shock of his sudden release 
only a very few days. She was taken ill the 
same afternoon that he fell asleep. No alarm 



was felt at first on her account ; but her strength 
rapidly failed with no power to rally. So gently 
and quietly did she sink into the arms of her 
Saviour, that it could hardly be perceived when 
she drew her last breath. Her countenance, as 
lovely in death as it had been in life, did indeed 
seem to bear the impress of that unspeakable 
joy into which she had entered : and truly " she 
being dead, yet speaketh." 

" Bright and silvery is the light 

Her footsteps leave behind ; 
Where shall we find again a heart, 

So tender, true, and kind ? 

She leaves a blank, none else can fill 

To us still lingering here ! 
But in yon world of light and love, 

She finds a kindred sphere ! 

For there, with all the ransomed host, 
Washed in their Saviour's blood, 

She sings the song of praise to Christ, 
Who brought them home to God ! " 

Marian Fox, 2£ 5 4 mo. 1873 

Shortland, New Zealand. Daughter of Alex- 
ander Fox. 

Alfred Fox, Falmouth. 79 23 5 mo. 1874 

Joseph France, Retford. 76 20 9 mo. 1874 


Anne Frank, 68 21 1 mo. 1874 

Clevedon. A Minister. Wife of John Frank. 

This dear Friend was the second daughter 
of the late Samuel and Elizabeth Capper, and 
was born at Nursteed near Devizes in the year 
1810. When she was about ten years of age, her 
parents removed to Bristol, where she continued 
to reside with them until her marriage. 

Anne Frank was accustomed to trace her 
earliest religious impressions to the instruction 
and example of a young woman Friend, Mary 
Andrews (afterwards Prideaux,) who was gov- 
erness in the family. These impressions were 
strengthened in her youthful mind by observing 
the Christian walk of her dear father ; to whose 
religious care for his family and for the labourers 
on his farm, she often referred in after life. 
During her early childhood she was a frequent 
visitor at her maternal grandfather's, Joseph Naish 
of Congresbury, for whose consistent character 
and conduct she ever retained a high esteem. She 
was a dutiful child, and her behaviour in the large 
family circle was peculiarly marked by unselfish- 
ness ; but as she grew in years, the pleasures of 
the imagination obtained for a time an inordinate 
hold on her mind and affections. In some verses, 
dated 1830, she has recorded in vivid language 


the zest with which she had pursued and enjoyed 
the ideal, to the comparative neglect of what was 
real and important. The same lines witness, 
however, that she had been enabled to make the 
surrender required of her in this respect ; and 
thenceforth, it is believed, she sought without 
reserve to be an humble follower of her Lord 
and Saviour. 

In the year 1837 she was deprived by death 
of her dear sister Rebecca Kidd ; who was next 
in age to herself, and to whom she was warmly 
attached. The humble but unshaken trust in the 
love and mercy of her Redeemer, and the calm 
resignation evinced by this dying wife and mother, 
made a deep impression on her sister, as well as 
on others of the family. 

In the following year Anne Capper became 
the wife of John Frank of Bristol, and shortly 
afterwards removed to Thornbury, on her hus- 
band's taking to an established school there. In 
1847 they removed to Sidcot School, of which 
they had been appointed master and mistress. 
At both these schools, the conscientious and un- 
selfish way in which Anne Frank discharged the 
arduous duties of her position, secured her the 
love and esteem of the children. 

In the year 1843, whilst residing at Thorn- 


bury, she first spoke in a meeting for worship. 
Her gift gradually enlarged, and she was recorded 
as a Minister after her removal to Sidcot. The 
memoranda she has left evince a warm desire to 
be faithful, either by speaking or by remaining 
silent, as it was felt to be her duty. On six or 
seven occasions, she obtained minutes from her 
Monthly Meeting for religious service from home : 
and in this she was sometimes the companion of 
Emma Simpson of Melksham, to whom she felt 
closely united in Christian fellowship. 

On again settling at Bristol with her husband 
in 1852, she received a minute, liberating her to 
accompany her dear father in the Tent Meetings 
which he was about to hold in Somersetshire. 
She had attended about half of the twenty-three 
held that summer, to the mutual comfort of both 
father and daughter, when she felt it her place 
to return home, to attend on her dear brother 
Thomas S. Capper, who had come back from a 
voyage, undertaken for the benefit of his health, 
in an advanced stage of pulmonary consumption. 
In about three weeks he was suddenly removed 
by hemorrhage ; and in about the same time 
afterwards, her beloved and honoured father 
suddenly expired in the Meeting House at 
Weston-super-Mare, just after taking his seat. 



These solemn events could not but be deeply 
affecting to Anne Frank, and for a time her health 
appeared to suffer from the acuteness of her 
feelings. But a state of resignation was granted 
her, and with it an abiding desire to walk in faith 
and obedience. Under date of First month, 31st, 
1853, she thus writes : — " To-morrow my dearest 
father's testimony comes before the Monthly 
Meeting. * * May I settle down in earnest, 
humble, quiet, constant endeavour to be found in 
my duty ; not seeking to be anything or nothing, 
but simply to follow what I believe to be right. 
May I often turn to those dear departed ones, 
whose chief desire was, I believe, to be found 
doing their Lord's will ! ' Teach me to do Thy 
will, and lead me in a plain path because of mine 
enemies.' " 

In 1856 her husband's father, Arnee Frank, 
then nearly ninety years of age, was left a 
widower, and came to reside with his son in 
Bristol. It was felt a great pleasure by his 
daughter-in-law, to minister to the comfort of this 
aged disciple for the last two years of his life, 
and to witness in his case the triumph of faith 
over the accumulated infirmities of the earthly 
tabernacle. She was indeed a truly loving 
member of her family circle, and ever desirous 


of contributing to the comfort and welfare of its 
various branches. She was much with her sister 
Martha, wife of Richard Kidd of Bristol, at 
different periods of her protracted illness, and in 
1863 witnessed her departure in humble reliance 
on her Saviour. In the following spring her dear 
mother, to whom she had been a tenderly affec- 
tionate daughter, was also removed by death. 

In the different places where her lot was 
cast, Anne Frank always manifested a Christian 
interest for those who came under her notice, 
especially such as belonged to the labouring 
classes. In 1865 she paid a visit in Christian 
love to the labourers at Potterne Farm near 
Devizes, once occupied by her father. A satis- 
factory religious meeting was held with them ; 
and in the following year, with one or two other 
Friends, she visited many of the poor people in 
their cottages. In the same year, 1866, feeling a 
special attraction towards the poorer inhabitants 
of Horfield near Bristol, she made a good many 
calls among them; and in 1870, believing herself 
afresh drawn in the same direction, had several 
Cottage Meetings in the village. 

Before entering on the closing scenes of her 
life, it may be well to advert to the memoranda 
which she made from time to time, almost solely 


it would appear, for her own edification : — which 
show that, most gentle and tender as she was 
towards others, she judged herself very strictly ; 
and her estimate of her own conduct and character 
was widely different from that formed hy her 
relatives and friends. It may he that she dwelt 
on her own deficiencies more than was meet ; hut 
this never precluded an humble trust in the love 
and mercy of her God and Redeemer, nor was it 
allowed to prevent her entering on any service to 
which she felt His call. 

The following may suitably claim a place in 
our Annual Monitor : — 

1858. "It comes to me with a comforting 
sense of the love and mercy of Him who cares 
for us all, that Christ has said, ' there is no man 
who has left house or parents or children, &c, 
for My sake and the gospel's, who shall not 
receive manifold more in the present life, and in 
the world to come life everlasting.' ' For my 
sake.' to be enabled to put this first of all. 
Then all other things will come right. And 
although it may be in a very small and very 
humble way, yet if we are permitted to feel that 
He, the Saviour, is with us, and to look forward 
to that ' world to come ' in hope of a place of rest 
through His forgiveness and love, it is more than 
sufficient— 4 life everlasting ! ' " 


1863, " At the Monthly Meeting at Melk- 
sham. Both at Calne and Melksham I spoke 
several times, and also was favoured, I hope, in 
prayer. I trust I was careful not to exceed, and 
feel as though I had been preserved." * * * 

1870. " My illness has brought all my near 
relations frequently in view; desiring that we 
may pray for each other as we are enabled, and 
that our different trials may be blessed to us : — 
also that we may seek for help to be patient, re- 
membering the love of the Lord Jesus. * * * 
* Then all the disciples forsook Him and fled.' Let 
nothing daunt us, if we can humbly trust that He 
who laid down His life and suffered so unutterably 
for us — forsaken even in nature's last extremity — 
is graciously pleased in His love to chasten, for 
the blessed purpose of refining us. 'I have 
refined thee, but not with silver, I have chosen 
thee in the furnace of affliction.' I wish to thank 
my God and Saviour for my afflictions, believing 
they have been for my profit, and would have 
been much more so, if I had been more sensible 
of my daily shortcomings. Real illness greatly 
alters the whole aspect of things. We are shown 
and feel something more of our own unworthiness, 
and constant need of the overshadowing love of 
Him who died for us; and of the glory and 


blessedness of that rest, to obtain which for us 
He laid down His life for our sins — yea, the sins 
of the whole world." 

Anne Frank's health had been but feeble for 
many years ; and during the last six of her life 
she was subject to fits of an epileptic character. 
These were not however so violent or frequent 
as to render unlikely a considerable prolongation 
of life; and in 1873 her husband removed to 
Clevedon, in the hope that the pure sea air and 
comparative quietude of that place would exert 
a favourable influence on her health and strength. 
For a short time this seemed to be the case ; but 
a tumour soon made its appearance, which was 
pronounced to be cancerous and incurable; but 
no agitation was shown by the dear sufferer on 
the medical opinion being made known to her. 
A few days subsequently, after a paroxysm of 
pain, she remarked what a consolation it was, to 
recollect that all these things were under the 
control of One who was " too wise to err— too 
good to be unkind ; " adding almost immediately, 
" My soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit 
hath rejoiced in God my Saviour." 

Tenth month, 2.0th, 1873. She spoke of 
having been favoured with spiritual refreshment 
during a time of wakefulness and debility in the 


night, quoting the words, " Teach me to do Thy 
will, for Thou art my God : Thy spirit is good ; 
lead me into the land of uprightness;" and after- 
wards offering a short prayer for preservation 
and support. 

25th. She observed that " man's extremity 
is God's opportunity," and that she had ex- 
perienced it, in having texts of Scripture pre- 
sented to her mind with greater power and 
impressiveness than when in comparative health. 

Twelfth month, 2nd. In the midst of great 
pain, which continued for hours together, she 
repeated the former portion of the 46th Psalm, 
H God is our refuge and strength," and some time 
afterwards, Newton's hymn, beginning, — 
" One there is above all others." 

7th. In the night or early morning she was 
heard weeping, and on being asked whether she 
was in great pain, she answered " No : " adding, 
" What a rejoicing if I am prepared for that 
glorious and holy city ! " She went to meeting 
for the last time this morning, and though 
suffering much pain for the first half-hour or so, 
was enabled to deliver an impressive address. 

12th. She observed to her husband that she 
did not feel called upon to express much, but that 
her strength was, as she hoped, " in quietness and 


confidence." Her feeling was not that of ecstasy ; 
yet she had a hope that for Christ's sake, her 
sins were forgiven her, and she should be 
permitted to pass through the pearl gates into the 
city. In the evening, after suffering much pain, 
she prayed very beautifully, supplicating towards 
the close that if parted, the work of grace and 
preparation might be carried on in the survivor, 
and that both might meet hereafter in the 
heavenly city. 

20th. To a kind and pious neighbour who 
called on her, she spoke very clearly and fully of 
her trust in her God and Redeemer, and of the 
blessed hope, with which she was at times 
favoured, of joining many whom she had known 
and loved on earth, as well as all true believers, 
in the kingdom of peace and purity. She referred 
to the love and mercy which had been shown 
them, and the encouragement this had been to 
herself; quoting the words, " Thou art my God, 
and I will praise Thee ; my Father's God, and I 
will exalt Thee." 

24th. Whilst in great pain she prayed much 
as follows : — " Thou only canst help, God. Vain 
is the help of man. Thou art my hiding place. 
O, I beg of Thee to continue Thy mercies to me. 
I have nothing to bring but unworthiness— 


nothing but exceeding need— nothing to plead but 
the merits of my adorable Saviour. I ask not 
that my sufferings should be speedily ended, for 
Thou hast shown me that they are for my purifi- 
cation. I ask not that they should be removed, 
but that they may be sanctified. I thank Thee, 
I praise and adore Thee, for the rejoicing hope, 
that there is a state of happiness in store for me 
when they are ended." In the evening she had 
read to her one of the accounts in the Annual 
Monitor y just issued, — also a hymn, and the 48th 
Psalm, which came in course ; and she was then 
helped upstairs, for the last time. Before she lay 
down, a profuse bleeding took place, which so 
reduced her that she kept her bed from that time 
to the close. 

Twelfth month, 31st. She dictated a letter 
to a beloved cousin, who had been suddenly 
deprived by death of an affectionate husband ; 
from which the following is an extract : — " I wish, 
my dear cousin, to express my tender sympathy 
in thy deep and affecting bereavement, but I 
believe thou wilt be supported by God, who has 
been near thee in many troubles. I am nearing 
the eternal world, and those whom I have loved 
in life are nearer and dearer. May the Lord 
support thee, keep thee and sustain thee in passing 



the few remaining years that may be allotted to 
thee here. Thy kindness and tenderness in my 
affliction has been very grateful to both of us. 
The Lord is leading us : He is instructing us ; 
and blessed be His name, He is, I believe, pre- 
paring us for His heavenly kingdom. I praise 
and bless His high and holy name, and the name 
of our blessed and holy Redeemer, and commit 
and commend both thee and myself to His care 
and keeping. . . Jesus is all-sufficient. He is 
strength in weakness, riches in poverty, and a 
present help in every needful time. Let us 
endeavour to repose on Him. He is the friend 
that sticketh closer than a brother. Farewell, my 
dear cousin, in the Lord ! " . 

First month, 5th, 1874. Her husband and a 
sister-in-law being present, she said, " Help me 
to be thankful." Then after awhile, " I don't 
know the number — I can't express it to you — but 
there is a glorious company of those I have 
known — on the other side of the river — and I 
have a blessed hope that I shall join them." 

6th. She enquired if she had been delirious, 
" because," she said, " though my suffering is 
great, I wish always to acknowledge the goodness 
and tender mercy of our God." 

First mo. 7 th. To a brother and sister who 


came from Bristol to take leave of her, she said 
at intervals, " Oh ! if I should be permitted to 
enter the heavenly city ! " " I desire to praise, 
and glorify, and magnify His name." " This is 
the time for discovering the truth." It was 
answered, " Yes, the same truth thou hast always 
believed in, — the Saviour;" when she rejoined, 
" But I did not realize it as I do now." She also 
expressed a hope, as she had done before, that 
her death might prove a blessing to survivors. 

During the fortnight that followed, there 
remained but very little power of articulation, and 
most of her time was passed in sleep ; it being 
necessary to give an anodyne frequently. Just 
after taking it on the 17th, she attempted to pray 
aloud ;— but the only two expressions that could 
be gathered were, " In Thy abounding mercy," — 
and " that it may be sanctified." 

The powers of nature continued to decline, 
and on the morning of the 20th she fell into a 
sleep from which she did not rouse, but gently 
passed away about seven o'clock on the following 
morning. " Blessed are the dead that die in the 
Elizabeth Freeman, 70 20 1 mo. 1874 

Bath. Wife of William Freeman. 
Richard Gardner, Leeds. 71 14 10 mo. 1874 


Elizabeth Geldart, 90 12 1 mo. 1874 

Everton, Liverpool. 
Charles Gilpin, M.P., 59 8 9 mo. 1874 

Bedford Square, London. 
Susannah Goldsbury, 56 30 1 mo. 1874 

Needham Market. 
Elizabeth Gregg, 75 5 11 mo. 1873 

Witney, Oxon. Widow of Francis Gregg. 
Forster Henry Green, 25 9 2 mo. 1874 

Derryvolgie, Belfast. Son of Forster and Mary 

John Greenall, Preston. 69 26 5 mo. 1874 
Hannah Greeve, 82 27 5 mo. 1874 

Orange, Ireland. Widow of William Greeve. 
Sarah Grimshaw, Rawdon. 72 21 4 mo. 1874 
Anna Watson Grubb, 71 7 3 mo. 1874 

Surbiton. A Minister. Widow of Samuel 

Jane Grundy, 65 21 7 mo. 1874 

West Houghton, near Leigh, Lancashire. 
Mary Halford, 70 J 5 2 mo. 1874 

Stoke Newington. Wife of William Frederick 

Benjamin Hall, 62 17 3 mo. 1874 

O range-over- Sands ; Lancashire. 
John Hallam, 72 27 11 mo. 1873 

Bishop Auckland. An Elder. 


James Halliday, 56 30 J 2 mo. 1872 

Whalley Range, Manchester. 
John Hammond, Bristol. 88 17 11 mo. 1873 
William Handley, 73 28 11 mo. 1873 

BrigflattSy Sedbergh. An Elder. 
Elizabeth Hake, 91 24 I mo. 1874 

Newcastle. Widow of John Hare. 
Mary Caroline Hare, 17^ 15 5 mo. 1874 

Darlington. Daughter of Samuel and Caroline 

William' Hargreaves, 70 23 5 mo. 1874 

Sheffield. An Elder. 
Mary Harris, 69 13 ] mo. 1874 

Sibford Ferris. Widow of John Harris. 
Maria Harris, Waterford. 71 11 3 mo. 1874 
Lydia Harris, Pechham. 84 28 8 mo. 1874 
Louisa Maria Harrison, 27 1 11 mo. 1873 

Kendal. Wife of James Harrison, 
Daniel Harrison, 78 16 12 mo. 1873 

John Harrisson, 73 112 mo. 1873 

Rayne, Bocking, Essex. 
Sarah Harrisson, 67 5 8 mo. 1874 

Rayne. Widow of John Harrisson. 
Maria Haughton, 32 12 9 mo. 1874 

Scotby. Wife of Joseph Haughton, and 

daughter of Henry E. Kobson. 



Mary Haworth, Todmorden. 53 6 11 mo. 1873 
Mary Jane Haydock, 30 11 3 mo. 1874 

Cabra, in County Tyrone. 
Eliza Hewitt, 75 5 6 mo. 1874 

Mullalelis, RichhilL A Minister. 

This dear Friend died suddenly, falling down 
speechless while engaged in her household affairs, 
and surviving only about seventeen hours. For 
the last three years, failing health had prevented 
her from getting out to meetings ; though it was 
her practice, during the time of meeting,* to retire 
and wait upon the Lord in her own room. 
Matthew Heyes, 34 22 5 mo. 1874 

Atherton, near Leigh, Lancashire. 
Ann Hicks, 76 11 6 mo. 1874 

Chelmsford. Widow of Henry Hicks. 
Ann Clarissa Dorothea Hills, 

Sudbury. 68 27 9 mo. 1874 

Widow of Benjamin Hills. 
Sarah Hinton, Plymouth. 66 1 8 mo. 1873 

Wife of Charles Fox Hinton. (See last year. J 
She died at Clifton after a long, and at times 
very suffering illness, — borne with great patience 
and Christian fortitude. Her loss is deeply 
mourned by her nearest connexions, and regretted 
by the numerous friends and neighbours who 
had partaken of her ever- flowing sympathy ; — 


which from a very early age was a marked 
feature in her character. It is believed by those 
who fondly cherish her memory, that she was 
one of whom it may be said, " her witness is in 
heaven, and her record is on high," although not 
conspicuously known on earth : they can with 
humble gratitude give thanks to God, in the 
belief that He has given her the victory, through 
Jesus Christ our Lord, to whom for ever be all 
the praise ! 
Ellen Hodgkin, 22 13 9 mo. 1874 

Lewes. Daughter of John and Elizabeth 

Joseph Holmes, 72 16 8 mo. 1873 

Cotherstone. An Elder. (See last year. J 
Those words of the 37th Psalm, " the steps 
of a good man are ordered of the Lord," seem to 
be applicable to the experience of this departed 
Friend. Born in 1801 at Frickley, an obscure 
village between Ackworth and Doncaster, of 
humble but worthy parents, he possessed in the 
outset few external advantages : and his mother, 
for whose memory he entertained a deep filial 
regard, died when he was only seven years old. 
He was employed in farm labour till sent to 
Ackworth School, where he stayed two years ; 
and was then apprenticed as a grocer to a relation 


in Sunderland. In this situation his good 
conduct won the regard of his master and mistress; 
which was afterwards proved by the latter, on 
her deathbed, commending her surviving children 
to his kindness and care. 

At the close of his apprenticeship, with a 
little assistance from his master, he was enabled 
to commence business in a small way without 
drawing on his parents; and success attended 
his efforts. His feet were afterwards directed, as 
he believed by the leading of a kind Providence, 
to the city of Durham. Here, although a member 
of a very small meeting of Friends, his upright 
Christian conduct gained the respect of all with 
whom he came in contact: and for many years 
he did much to uphold that little meeting under 
no small discouragement. In his business trans- 
actions he was scrupulously upright, irrespective 
of any practices of the trade; and by strict 
economy in his personal expenses, he always had 
a little to spare for others. He felt that his 
settling in Durham, although he was much 
isolated from his friends in religious communion, 
was blessed to him both temporally and spiritually : 
and as a citizen he was diligent in aiding, as far 
as he could, various objects of philanthropy and 
public utility. 


At length Durham Meeting of Friends 
dwindled away. First it ceased to be a " Pre- 
parative Meeting:" then the Week-day Meetings 
were given up, afterwards those on First-day 
afternoons ; and eventually it was discontinued 
altogether, the last meeting being held on First- 
day, in the week of Joseph Holmes's removal 
from the city. 

Our dear friend retired from business about 
twenty-three years before his death, and in 1859 
took up his abode in the village of Cotherstone, 
having previously married Abigail Longstaff. 
Here he enjoyed much earthly happiness in the 
society of a beloved partner, and found agreeable 
occupation in his garden, and in attending to 
Meeting concerns and the affairs of the village. 
He delighted in hospitality, was permitted to 
reap in his retirement the reward of his faithful 
and upright conduct through the previous stages 
of life, and was much respected by the members 
of his own Quarterly Meeting. He filled the 
office of an Elder in the Monthly Meeting of 
Darlington, and greatly valued the privilege of 
attending meetings for worship ; making an effort 
when from home to return in time, to unite with 
his friends in these opportunities as they came in 
course. He was a total abstainer from intoxicating 


liquors for forty years, kind but quiet and un- 
ostentatious in his charities to the poor, and 
diligent up to his death in endeavouring to diffuse 
religious truth by the distribution of tracts. He 
had for some years carried on a Reading Meeting 
on the First-day afternoon for the poor people in 
a neighbouring hamlet. 

His death was very sudden : although there 
is evidence that he had intimations which had 
not been disregarded by him, of such an event. 
He fell down on the pavement while walking 
with his wife, and expired on the spot. He had 
often remarked to her, that we ought so to live as 
to be prepared to die whenever the summons 
should come, — as if each day might be the last. 
No dying words attested his belief and confidence 
in Christ; but we cannot doubt that his faith and 
hope were built on this sure foundation. One 
of the Durham papers recording the death of 
their former fellow citizen, bore public testimony 
to his worth, as one who was "familiar to every 
one in the city, and generally respected for his 
sterling rectitude and uprightness," concluding 
with these words : "his character for unsullied 
integrity was unimpeachable." But perhaps few 
persons were less desirous of shining before their 
fellow-men: yet genuine Christianity cannot be 


altogether hid. It is not as a light concealed 
under a bushel, but a candle set on a candle- 
stick, that others may see the light in one way or 
another. " By their fruits ye shall know them." 
The Christian graces are manifest ; men observe 
the contrast between the believer and the 
worldling ; and our Father in Heaven is glorified 
Annie Holmes, 21 21 1 mo. 1874 

Gateshead. Daughter of William Henry and 

Mary Jane Holmes. 
Amelia Mary Holmes, 69 17 7 mo. 1874 

Derby. Widow of Samuel Holmes. 
George Hooper, Everton. 42 8 2 mo. 1874 
Margaret Hope, 64 3 5 mo. 1874 

Fleetwood. Wife of Samuel Hope. 
Caroline Hopkins, 66 19 4 mo. 1874 

Scarbro 1 . A Minister. Wife of Henry Hopkins. 
" Let nothing be said about me, for there is 
nothing to say, — except a sinner saved by grace," 
were the words of this dear Friend about ten 
days before her death. But she would have been 
thankful, if any weak or weary one should be 
encouraged by her experience, to trust in that 
grace which did indeed prove sufficient for her, 
and that strength which was made perfect in her 


For many years she suffered much from 
feeble health and great weakness of the nervous 
system ; which often prevented her realizing the 
Christian's privilege of rejoicing in the Lord. In 
1S64 she wrote thus to her sister, Priscilla Green: 
" Oh ! that patience may have its perfect work ! " 
The words of our blessed Saviour have at times 
presented themselves with a little comfort, " But 
she hath washed My feet with tears ; " and when 
hearing of others' joy in believing, the language 
has arisen, "What is that to thee? follow thou 
Me ! " Two years later she wrote, " I do some- 
times hope that what would seem to be unbelieving 
fears are in great measure owing to physical 
depression ; my cruel enemy taking advantage of 
bodily weakness to distress and cast me down. 
For there are moments of humble trust in a 
Saviour's love inexpressibly precious, when I 
could almost say, I could not ask for more on 
earth ; and yet how soon I am again (as I think 
Job has it) ' plunged in the ditch.' " During the 
last ten years of her life, when weak sight and 
failing health left little ability for ordinary occu- 
pations, she was almost constantly employed in 
making up garments for the very poor in London. 
She often spoke of this occupation, as having 
been quite as much benefit to herself, as to the 


recipients of her handiwork. The following 
letter is in allusion to this : " This morning my 
chest of work has been sent off for London. I 
think I have felt a little thankful at having been 
enabled to do this little, for those in so much 
suffering. * * * And oh ! if this little 
work, some of which has been done in great 
weakness, may but be regarded as one of ' lowly 
love,' it will be of His mercy who careth for all 
the wants of His creatures." 

Soon after recovering from a severe accession 
of illness in the spring of 1870, she wrote thus 
to one of her nieces : " Sometimes I too can tell 
of His goodness and mercy, but it is often a low 
time ; the nerves being of course still very weak 
(though so much better) may have much to do 
with it ; * * * but I have been again 
and again helped to look away to Him who bore 
our sins ; and I trust He helps me to seem bright, 
even when the waves of conflict rise high. Thy 
allusion to intercessory prayer is precious. I do 
not know what I should have done without it; it 
does so help one's self, does it not? Oh ! do pray 
for me, that I may learn aright the lessons de- 
signed in my being thus far raised up ! " Under 
date Fifth month, 29th, 1870, she wrote as 
follows • " Though things present seem often to 



hinder, trouble and perplex, yet if they are not 
able to separate from His love (and we are 
assured they shall not be) no trial of faith and 
patience will be too much. * * * Surely 
I have abundant cause to trust the mercy, which 
upholds in great extremity one of the weakest 
and most unworthy." 

In the early spring of the present year our 
dear friend's physical sufferings greatly increased ; 
and in the Second month her medical attendant 
informed her family, that he felt the case had 
assumed a very grave aspect. On hearing this 
she was very calm ; and throughout the two 
months during which her suffering was prolonged, 
it was very striking to witness the perfect serenity 
and brightness, with which one who was naturally 
of a timid shrinking disposition looked forward to 
death. The morning after she was informed of 
the probable issue of her illness, she told her 
daughter that in answer to prayer she had had 
more sleep ; adding, " I have been so comfortable 
since I woke, I don't know when I have been so 
happy." On the 4th of Fourth month an old 
friend called to take leave of her, and she spoke 
to her earnestly of " not having a rag of her own 
to trust to." The next day after a time of severe 
suffering she said, " I have no cause to complain, 


far otherwise ; I have far more than I deserve." 
A few days later she said, "Can this freedom from 
distress and anxiet}^ be what is spoken of in the 
text, * When He giveth quietness, who then can 
make trouble ? ' " 

As the end drew near, the pain grew more 
violent and overpowering ; but with very little 
exception she retained full consciousness, and 
was alwa3 7 s calm and bright. To a niece who 
was with her she said, " The furnace has to be 
heated very hot before the image is clearly re- 
flected." Often she spoke of there being " no 
pain there, no sickness there." On the afternoon 
of the 18th, whilst in very severe suffering, her 
moans ceased : while she said very emphatically, 
" In all their affliction He was afflicted, and the 
angel of His presence saved them ; in His love 
and in His pity He redeemed them." On First- 
day, the 19th, all conscious suffering seemed over ; 
and that afternoon her beloved ones were able to 
give thanks, that she had entered through the 
pearl gates to be " for ever with the Lord." 
Sarah Horne, Torquay. 62 20 5 mo. 1874 

Wife of Thomas B. Home. 
Charles Horsnaill, 71 30 7 mo. 1874 

Canterbury. An Elder. 
Rebecca Howell, 74 10 11 mo. 1873 



Richard T. Howitt, 32 13 3 mo. 1874 

Heanor, Derby. Son of Tantum Howitt. 
Elizabeth Hunt, 83 2 4 mo. 1874 

Bristol. A Minister. Widow of Henry Hunt. 
Sarah Hunter, Skipton. 52 5 9 mo. 1874 
Abigail Irwin, Carlisle. 65 5 8 mo. 1874 
Frances Elizabeth Jackson, 15 12 2 mo. 1874 
Bolton. Died at Ackworth. 

Frances Elizabeth Jackson, daughter of 
Shadrach and Elizabeth Jackson of Bolton in 
Lancashire, was sent to Ackworth School in the 
summer of 1868, and throughout her school life 
was noticeable for her great vivacity and im- 
pulsiveness of character. She possessed good 
natural abilities, and was a general favourite with 
her young companions. But in the winter of 
1871, she had an attack of whooping cough, which 
appears to have laid the foundation of disease of 
the heart, the ultimate cause of her death. She 
went home at that time for some weeks ; and 
after her return appears, from various memoran- 
dums in a little book found after her decease, to 
have become increasingly open to religious im- 
pressions. In the Eleventh month of 1872, she 
speaks of a visit from a Friend, who had a religious 
meeting with the first class of girls, and says, " I 
felt that I was nearly converted for a few minutes, 


but then I was as far off as ever. Oh, I do wish I 
was a child of God * * I don't understand 
what I have to pray for properly, but Jesus will 
show me if I ask Him." She says " they all knelt 
down in prayer, and she wept, but was afraid it 
did not do her any good, she was such a naughty 
girl : " and adds, " may my Heavenly Father 
help me." 

Within the last twelve months of her life, her 
character seems to have matured. While sitting 
with others round the schoolroom fire one First- 
day evening, the question was asked, if any of 
them were to die that night, could they say they 
were prepared ? to which Fanny replied, she 
thought she could say yes : adding that once when 
sitting in silence in meeting, an inward voice 
seemed to tell her that her sins were forgiven : 
and since that she had been quite happy. This 
precious visitation is noticed in her diary, First 
month, 17th, 1873 : " A great change seems to 
have come over me since I wrote anything in this 
little book. My Heavenly Father has spoken 
peace to my soul. I feel happy now : * * * 
what a loving Father He is, to answer my prayers 
so soon ! " She was much interested with a fare- 
well visit from S. and S. Clemes to their Ack worth 
friends, and with hearing Samuel Clemes ask 



that they would pray for them in their future 
labours in Madagascar; and adds, " I have prayed 
that their labours may be blessed." 

Writing Third month, 19th, on her four- 
teenth birthday, which proved to be her last, she 
says : "I mean to try to be a better girl this year 
with God's blessing ; but I am so careless ! " 
About this time she speaks of happy meetings 
with three of her schoolfellows, seeking for Divine 
help ; and while sensible at times of unwatchful- 
ness, she was led on various occasions to pray for 
help not to speak evil of others, to obey her 
teachers, to do to others as she would be 
done by. 

Eleventh month, 10th. When reminded by 
one of her teachers, that the eye of the Lord was 
upon her, and she must try to do right and please 
Him, she writes : " And I will try, Father ! 
help me. Thou knowest how hard it is for me to 
do what is right : but help me, and make me love 
Thee more." 

Near the end of the year she was much im- 
pressed by attending the funeral of a Friend, both 
at the graveside and in meeting. "It ought to 
teach us, (she says) to watch and pray, for we 
know not when the Son of Man cometh. * * 
strengthen my faith and love, my Father, and 


enable me not to forget the lesson Thou sendest, 
in taking one and another of Thy children to 
Thyself. Amen." 

Her last memorandum was on the last day 
of 1873. On the girls in her class being asked to 
think over what had happened during the year, 
she says, " I prayed to be more faithful, and to 
love my Saviour more. O my Father, make me 
wholly Thine, for I feel that Thou hast been 
drawing me to Thyself; but Satan often gets the 
victory, and I fall. O make me love Thee so 
much that I shall hate sin, and make me a better 
girl next year for Thy dear Son's sake. Amen. " 
This is followed by a " prayer for meetings" 
" Kecal my wandering thoughts, Lord, when 
assembled with others to sit in solemn silence 
before Thee." - 

Though like other girls not without faults, 
yet it is manifest she was, as she sought after it, 
visited by the Holy Spirit, and from time to time 
brought nearer to her Heavenly Father, through 
the redeeming love of Christ her Saviour. 

Her last illness of only a few weeks assumed 
many changes. Sometimes she was able to sit 
up for hours, and was particularly cheerful on 
the 11th of Second month, tripping lightly from 
one room to another in preparation for her ex- 


pected departure from school ; but the following 
morning, when about to get up, she was suddenly 
seized with great difficulty of breathing, and in a 
quarter of an hour was no moie. She stood the 
first girl in the school : — her friends were all 
anticipating her return home, when as in a 
moment she was taken to the better home above. 
Marta Jackson, Hoddesdon. 80 9 8 mo. 1874 

Widow of Robert Jackson of York. 
Elizabeth Jacob, 72 23 8 mo. 1874 

Mary Jenkin, Redruth. 80 11 6 mo. 1874 

An Elder. Widow of Alfred Jenkin. 
Anna Johnson, 80 26 12 mo. 1873 

Dree Hill, County Tyrone. Wife of John 


This dear Friend was much beloved by the 
little circle of her friends, being herself of a 
loving cheerful spirit. Having sought the Lord 
in her youth, He revealed Himself to her then as 
her Saviour; and her faith and hope in Him 
were steadfast during the course of a long life, 
sustaining her under many trials. Her sweet 
resignation to the Divine will was often instructive 
during times of close proving, wherein her affec- 
tionate feelings were sorely tried : — four of her 
children having been removed from her by death. 


Never is she remembered by those who had daily 
opportunities of seeing her, to have murmured 
under these bitter trials, and yet her feelings as a 
mother were exquisitely tender. But she is well 
remembered, while the tears rolled down her face, 
to have uttered the language of thanksgiving and 
praise. Indeed such was the frequent clothing of 
her spirit. Even when her bodily suffering was 
great, she often spoke of the goodness of the Lord, 
saying, M It is wonderful." Only a week or so 
before the end, she surprised her friends, after 
being apparently unable to speak for some time, 
by repeating very sweetly a portion of the 103rd 
Psalm : " Bless the Lord my soul, and all that 
is within me, bless His holy name." Again and 
again she was heard to say " Saviour : " also, 
" Glory be to the Father and to the Son ! Glory, 
Glory ! " She bore her sufferings with much 
patience, often asking help of the Lord, and never 
failing to return thanks for relief when it was 
given. On one occasion, previous to her last 
illness, during a time of much weakness a friend 
said to her, " If it should be the Lord's will to 
take thee, I believe He will have a place prepared 
for thee," to which she replied, " I have not a 
doubt of it." The same friend writes, " Her dis- 
position to give thanks never alters." When the 


end came it was so peaceful that those present 
could almost say — 

" The gates of Pearl for her were moved 

So gently from their portal, 
That those who watched her scarcely knew 

When she became immortal." 

The following verses found in her own hand- 
writing among the last she had copied, seemed 
indeed like " A voice from heaven : " — 

" I shine in the light of God, 

His likeness stamps my brow ; 
Through the Shadow of Death my feet have trod, 
And I reign in Glory now." 
From the "Annual Monitor" for 1858, p. 207. 

Joseph Jones, Hereford. 70 25 10 mo. 1873 
John Jones, Ruthin. 75 27 6 mo. 1874 

John Jones was born in the neighbourhood 
of Ruthin, North Wales, in the Ninth month of 
1798. His mother was a pious and energetic 
woman ; and his father a clever active man, but 
was induced by the war-spirit so prevalent in 
those times, to enlist into the Marines ; leaving a 
young family almost entirely dependent on the 
care and exertions of their mother. But the 
" God of the fatherless " was with her in the 
hour of trouble, enabling her to train up her four 


children carefully ; who were early instructed in 
the forms and doctrines of the Established Church. 
Being lineally descended from a family of " Welsh 
Bards," the subject of this memoir had a natural 
talent for music; and while yet of tender years 
was taught to perform on the Triple Welsh Harp. 
Following the example of his father, he also en- 
listed ; and this rash step on the part of her 
eldest son was a heartfelt grief to his mother, who 
followed the boyish recruit to Chester : where the 
sight of her tears, and the good advice she gave 
him at parting, had a powerful effect on his 
future character. The soldiers' march to Lon- 
don (walking thirty miles a day) was trying and 
wearisome ; but his naturally cheerful disposition 
overcame all difficulties. On account of his skill 
as a musician; he was entered into the band, and 
drafted on board a man-of-war. Notwithstanding 
these adverse influences he was at times favoured 
with visitations of Divine love, and an ardent 
longing to know more of the only true God, and 
Jesus Christ our one Mediator and Redeemer. 
Under powerful exercise of mind he would, when 
leisure permitted, take his Bible, and go into 
some obscure part of the vessel to read and pray ; 
and frequently had to endure the taunts and scoff- 
ing jests of his thoughtless comrades. It was a 


subject for thankfulness with him in after life, 
that during his nine years of military service in 
actual war-time, he had never been called into 
action ; and was thus spared the bitterness of 
thinking that he had actually taken the life of 
any of his fellow-creatures. For when his ship 
returned from the East Indies, calling at St. 
Helena, they found the disturber of the peace of 
Europe in captivity there — and peace prevailing 
at home. He found no difficulty in obtaining a 
soldier's furlough to visit his parents, who were 
then comfortably established in business in his 
native town : his father having received an 
honourable discharge after the declaration of 

About the year 1821 — 22, John Jones was 
much drawn towards the views of Friends. His 
only sister, who still survives him, was then 
living in a Friend's family at Hereford; where 
his brother, the late Joseph Jones, also established 
himself in business; and both had been received 
into membership. Intercourse with his beloved 
relatives, and the subsequent thoughtful perusal 
of the writings of Friends, coupled with his own 
strong convictions, determined him to leave the 
service. But there was some difficulty attending 
this step. He was obliged to pay a heavy sum 


to obtain his discharge, and to find two substitutes. 
He was not yet favoured with that light, which 
in after years showed him, that what was wrong 
for himself to follow, it must also be wrong for 
him to lay upon others as his substitutes. He ap- 
plied to the Admiralty Board, found the requisite 
money and men, and was set at liberty ; fervently 
thanking the kind Providence that had preserved 
him through many perils. 

About the year 1823 he returned to his 
native town, and commenced business as a grocer, 
married, and had a family of seven children, 
five of whom survive him. At this period, he 
was under much tender religious feeling, and 
would often wander alone in the fields and lanes 
of the beautiful Vale of Clwyd, giving himself up 
to silent meditation and prayer, — 

" Steal from the throng to haunts untrod, 
And hold communion there with God." 

There was then a family of Friends living 
on the farm of Garthgynan near Ruthin, and 
with them he was accustomed to sit down for 
worship on First-days, and this continued till the 
Bancroft family emigrated to America. About 
1826 or 27, himself and two of his sons were 
received into membership by the Friends of 
Hardshaw West Monthly Meeting. John Jones 


steadily maintained his position as a plain, con- 
sistent, conscientious Friend, though alone in his 
religious profession ; and hecame widely known 
in North Wales as " the Quaker.'' Having 
entered on a religious life through Christ the 
door, and yielded himself unreservedly to the 
will and requirements of his Lord and Master 
while yet in the full vigour of manhood, he was 
enabled to take up his Cross, gently answering 
those who questioned his course, " I have peace 
in so doing." The giving up of music was a hard 
task ; for it seemed like the rending asunder of 
part of his nature : yet he felt it right for him 
not only to give up the use of it, but to destroy 
his valuable and favourite instrument. He made 
his religious convictions the rule in performing 
his civil duties. He would not vote at elections 
from interest, but en principle ; which led to the 
remark from those with whom he did not unite, 
that they could make nothing of " the Quaker" 
for he carried his conscience with him every- 
where. He took an active part in providing 
un sectarian education for the poor, and was ardent 
in the Temperance movement. To draw young 
men from the public-house, he promoted the 
formation, of a Reading Society: and his horse 
and conveyance were always at service to fetch 

john jones. yy 

lecturers and others, on any public occasion con- 
nected with the cause. 

In the First month of 1837, he suffered a 
great affliction by the death of his wife, leaving 
him with a family of six young children. But in 
the following year he entered again into marriage 
with Mary Hattersley of Liverpool, who proved 
a true helpmeet, and was well qualified to assist 
in bringing up his family. With a view of being 
near a Friends' Meeting, he removed to Chester, 
but on the death of his father in 1842, returned 
to Ruthin : and was often a great help to Friends 
travelling in the ministry, being always ready to 
join them as guide and interpreter. Ruthin being 
an assize town, he was often summoned on juries, 
and called to bear his public testimony against 
taking oaths : and often did his fellow- townsmen 
witness the spoiling of his goods, which were 
seized and sold in the Market Place, for his con- 
scientious scruples in refusing to pay Church- 
rates. For many years he maintained with his 
own family a meeting for Divine worship ; at 
first in a hired room, but latterly in his own 
house. One aged person, who had long been 
accustomed to sit alone, endeavouring to worship 
in " Spirit and in truth," would walk regularly 
from Denbigh and back, a distance of sixteen 


miles, every First-day, for the sake of sitting in 
silence with the small company in Ruthin. A 
person once remarking to John Jones that he 

ought to go to hear Mr. , as he was such a 

powerful minister, he replied, " I go to his Master, 
to the Fountain Head, for myself." He was re- 
markable for good nature, and simplicity of soul, 
tempered with much humour and anecdote, which 
rippled charmingly through his conversation. 

As his sons grew up to manhood, three of 
them emigrated to Australia, where his youngest 
son made a remarkably peaceful close, sending 
across the ocean a precious message of his dying 
love to his dear parents, brother and sisters. In 
the year 1866 John Jones removed with his wife 
to Great Ay ton, Yorkshire, where they lived for 
six years, much enjoying the privilege of regularly 
attending meetings, and of general intercourse 
with Friends. In the summer of 1871, our friend 
wrote to his younger brother at Kuthin : " Now 
be ready, for we are drawing nearer the river; " 
and in a very few weeks afterwards that beloved 
brother was suddenly seized with paralysis, and 
called away. Just as this event happened John 
Jones also had a stroke of the same disease, which 
slightly injured his left side. A second seizure in 
1872 was attended with more serious results ; and 


his beloved wife dying about this time, the family 
thought a return to his native air would be best 
for him. The coming back to Ruthin seemed 
quite to revive him with the long cherished asso- 
ciations of his old Welsh home. He was able to 
take little walks daily, which he evidently much 
enjoyed : and the sitting down in silence in his own 
house on First-days, in conjunction with his 
daughters, was continued up to his decease. 

The death of Joseph Jones of Hereford in 
10th mo. 1873, forcibly reminded him that the days 
of his pilgrimage were also numbered, Writing to 
his sons in Australia, he said, I must now " hold 
fast that which I have, lest any man take away 
my crown." Rev. iii. 11. His sight and hearing 
were wonderfully spared to the last He had an 
old Welsh Testament, which formerly belonged 
to Robert Whitaker of Ackworth ; and out of this 
" treasured volume " he would often read to those 
about him the precious words of Holy Writ, in 
the expressive language of his native tongue. 
Some two months before his decease, he was 
seized with the third paralytic stroke. One day 
after this, he read in the British Friend the 
account of Sybil Jones' saying to the captain of 
of the ship, " that death was to her but the 
opening of the portals of immortal glory." Next 



morning he said to his daughter, " I dreamt of 
dying last night." " Well, father," was the reply, 
" how didst thou feel in the prospect of the great 
change ? " " Oh ! I had no fear," he answered, 
" I felt like Sybil Jones." The day before his 
death, his daughter read again to him the last 
messages of filial affection from his youngest son 
who died in Australia, as follows : " Tell father, 
that before I died I often used to think of him, and 
have done so for years. And I always thought with 
great satisfaction of the beneficial influence his 
life, example, and words had on the minds of his 
children. Tell him that I was very thankful, 
that I was brought up as a member of the Society 
of Friends, and that I considered his yielding to 
God in his youth had been greatly blessed both 
to him and to his family : and although we shall 
not meet again on earth, I believe we shall meet 
in heaven. 

" The last message from his affectionate son,— 

who died in the full assurance of forgiveness, 

through the atonement made for him by Jesus 

Christ our Saviour. Amen." 

The dying father could not speak, but was quite 

conscious of all, and his eyes followed the reader 

through every word. On Seventh-day, Sixth 

month, 27th, an attack of apoplexy came on, and 


after a brief sharp struggle, life was extinct. The 
arrangements for his interment were carried out 
after the manner of Friends, according to his 
express wishes : and the remains were laid in 
the burying ground that formerly belonged to the 
Euglish Independent Congregation at Ruthin. 
As the funeral passed through the little town 
shops were closed and business suspended, as a 
token of esteem and respect from his fellow- 
townsmen. Those nearest and dearest, who 
witnessed his calm and peaceful departure, are 
comforted in the assurance that "he fell asleep 
in Jesus," in the blessed hope of life eternal, and 
of a glorious union with God's redeemed. 
Rebecca Juxon, 81 31 3 mo. 1874 

Hannah Kay, 56 13 11 mo. 1873 

Wakefield. Wife of Charles Kay. 
Ann Isabel Kaye, 29 1 12 mo. 1873 

Ackworth. Wife of Walter J. Kaye. 
Thomas Kendrick, Chatteris. 85 17 8 mo. 1874 
Mary Kerr, 78 28 3 mo. 1874 

Drummond, County Tyrone. 
Maria Kitching, Wakefield. 67 15 8 mo. 1874 

An Elder. Wife of William Kitching. 
Charles Knight, Reading. 34 14 5 mo. 1874 
Thomas Knight, Southwark. 67 27 , 7 mo. 1874 


Katherine Knight, 75 22 8 mo. 1874 

Maldon, Essex. Widow of William Knight of 

With am. 
Elizabeth Knott, 81 25 1 mo. 1874 

Rathangan. An Elder. Widow of Thomas 

Edith Labrey, Tottenham. \\ 25 9 mo. 1874 

Daughter of John and Eliza Labrey. 
Abigail Lamb, 77 23 8 mo. 1874 

Devis View, Belfast. Widow of John Lamb. 
Oswald Lambert, 66 27 12 mo. 1873 

High Blean, near Bainbridge. 
Robert Latimer, 19 20 7 mo. 1873 

Died at Brisbane. Son of Emily Elizabeth and 

the late Joseph Latimer. 
William Michael Lawrence, West Derby, 

Liverpool. 57 3 2 mo. 1874 

Charles Lean, Uxbridge. 69 23 8 mo. 1874 
James Leigh, 63 24 11 mo. 1873 

Sawry, Windermere. Died at Soutbport. 
Arthur Edward Lidbetter, 27 13 5 mo. 1874 

Ambleside. Son of Martin and the late Elizabeth 

Hannah Lloyd, 52 27 12 mo. 1873 

Winchmore Hill, London. 
Sarah Lovell, 75 J 8 4 mo. 1874 

Clifton, Bristol. Widow of John Hill Lovell. 


Susannah Lowe, 60 6 11 mo. 1873 

Eating ton. Daughter of Jeffery Lowe. 
Chkistiana Lucas, 63 6 7 mo. 1874 

Hitchin. Widow of Jeffery Lucas. 
Jean MacDermid, 52 5 11 mo. 1873 

Darlington. Daughter of the late John and 

Hannah MacDermid. 
John Macmorran, 60 17 7 mo. 1874 

York. A Minister. 
Mary Macquillan, 42 24 11 mo. 1873 

Ballyeden, Enniscorthy. 
Phebe Malcolm, 70 22 12 mo. 1873 

Phebe Ann Marriage, 62 1 2 mo. 1874 

Chelmsford. A Minister. Daughter of the late 

Thomas and Margaret Marriage of Pease Hall 

near Chelmsford. 

The memory of this beloved Friend is very 
precious to those who knew her ; and it is thought 
that a short memorial of her may tend to the en- 
couragement of others, especially of such as have 
to pass through a prolonged period of physical 

In retracing her course we feel there is much 
which testifies to the grace of God; the pious 
influences which surrounded her childhood were 
largely blessed in the formation of her Christian 


character. About the twenty-first year of her 
age, she was affected with heart disease, and for 
several succeeding years was confined to her 
couch, during which she experienced the refining 
hand of her Lord upon her. This couch of suffer- 
ing appeared to be her prescribed sphere of ser- 
vice, in magnifying the All sufficiency of Divine 
grace to sustain in patience and humble trust. In 
a religious visit paid by the late Edward Alex- 
ander of Limerick, it was given him to see that 
other work for her Lord was in store for her, and 
that she would be raised up for its accomplish- 
ment. This was soon after verified by a partial 
restoration; and in the autumn of 1841, she felt 
called to take a part in the ministry of the gospel. 
In the exercise of her gift, she was enabled to 
look simply to her Lord and His will, and not 
unto man. Her ministry was clear and forcible, 
pointing to Christ Jesus as the Lamb of God, 
who taketh away the sin of the world. In prayer 
she found near access to the Throne of Grace ; 
and in the seclusion of home her voice was often 
raised, not only on her own account, but on behalf 
of her friends, the church, and the world at large, 
accompanied by the tribute of thanksgiving and 
praise. In meetings for discipline she manifested 
a clear enlightened judgment, being guided in 


her counsel by the wisdom from above. Her 
heart yearned in tenderness towards those in 
early life, and she rejoiced over such as were 
giving evidence of devotedness to their dear 
Saviour; whilst a deep concern rested on her 
spirit that all might be brought to Him, and 
drink the waters of eternal life so freely offered 
for their acceptance. She loved to quote from 
" The last days of Rutherford " — 

" Oh ! Christ — He is the fountain, 
The deep sweet well of love ! 

The streams on earth I've tasted, 
More deep I'll drink above. 

" There to an ocean fulness 
His mercy doth expand, 
And glory, glory dwelleth 
In Immanuel's land." 
Our dear friend was one of eleven brothers 
and sisters, and resided under the parental roof 
until the decease of her mother in the year 1860 ; 
when she and an elder sister removed to Chelms- 
ford. Uniform cheerfulness and energy of charac- 
ter marked her home life, and she entered with 
lively interest into the pursuits and intellectual 
enjoyments of her younger relatives and friends, 
to whom she was a most pleasing and instructive 
companion; whilst many of her cotemporaries 


who shared her friendship can testify to her 
power of sympathy and love. One of her nephews 
in writing of her says, " We shall miss her bright 
cheerful spirit, — bright and cheerful in the midst 
of much bodily infirmity :" — and referring also 
to her beloved brother who died some years before, 
he says, " she and Uncle Isaac must have had 
their spirits lighted with heavenly light, or they 
never could have shone so brightly in the midst 
of constant weakness." 

Very short was the summons to our beloved 
friend. On the 25th of First month she attended 
the First-day Morning Meeting, where her voice 
was heard for the last time ; a few days' illness 
supervened, and on the following First-day she 
entered into rest. 

" Thy talent was not buried, 

Nor didst thou idle stand; 

The work to thee appointed 

Was done with heart and hand. 
Before the night came o'er thee, 

Before the curtain fell, 
Thy sacred task was finished, 
And all with thee is well." 
Margaret Marriage, 64 8 2 mo. 1874 

Moulsham Lodge, Chelmsford. Wife of John 


Blessed with a large loving family, they de- 
light to speak of her, as " the light of the house : " 
it seemed her constant care to spread around her 
that sunshine of happiness which she herself en- 
joyed. She loved to withdraw to her chamber, 
there to meditate on the loving-kindness and 
mercy of her Heavenly Father. This we believe 
was the secret of that peace and happiness she 
enjoyed, and which enabled her to feel that this 
life was not " a vale of tears." 

Her illness was very brief, but so bright 
and cheerful was she, that it was hardly pos- 
sible for her family to realize, that their loved 
one would so soon be taken from them. Her 
husband and children will long remember the 
last gathering around her bed, on the eve of 
the Sabbath-day ; wherein assurance was felt that 
her ransomed spirit would be " for ever with the 
Lord." So gently and quietly did she " fall 
asleep," that death seemed truly " but transition ; " 
those around scarcely knowing the moment when 
the call was given " to come up higher." 
Ann Marsh, Dorking. 82 22 6 mo. 1874 

A Minister. ' Widow of John Marsh. 
Margaret Mason, 12 18 3 mo. 1874 

Dolphinliolme, Lancaster. Daughter of George 

and Hannah Mason. 


James Matthews, Ampthill. 62 20 5 mo. 1874 
Elizabeth Merrell, 62 24 7 mo. 1874 

William Moor, Plaistoiv. 77 24 9 mo. 1874 
Richard Mordaunt, 75 13 1 mo. 1874 

Great Broughton, Cumberland. 
John Morrison, 73 25 7 mo. 1874 

Springhill, Enniscorthy. 
Joseph Morton, Hyde. 50 20 8 mo. 1S74 

Marta Nodal, 68 28 2 mo. 1873 

Sale, Manchester, Wife of John Nodal. 

( Omitted last year.) 
Sarah Otway, 76 10 3 mo. 1874 

The Retreat, near Armagh. 
Anna Oxley, 76 3 6 mo. 1874 

Upper Clapton, London. Daughter of the late 

John Oxley. 
Robert Palmer, 77 28 4 mo. 1874 

Taunton. An Elder. 
Lydia Palmer, 75 2 11 mo. 1874 

Huddersfield. Widow of Thomas Palmer. 
Caroline Elizabeth Parken, 

Bournemouth. A Minister. 83 28 5 mo. 1874 
Caroline Elizabeth Parken was born at Dun- 
stable, in the year 1792. Her parents were 
Baptists by profession, and during her early life 
were living in affluence, 


Caroline was as a child very soon susceptible 
of religious impressions, and remembered when 
quite young reading her Bible with extreme 
interest. The Book of Revelation seems to have 
had an especial charm for her, with its wonderful 
description of heaven, and its solemn warnings ; 
and she often pondered, when reading it with 
wonder and awe, how it could be that professing 
Christians, or those who had read this marvellous 
book, could have their lives so little influenced 
by it, as appeared to be the case. 

When only eleven years of age, she greatly 
desired to make an open profession by public 
baptism of her faith in Christ. Her mother, who 
was a woman of a feeling mind, considered her 
then too young; but promised her that if she 
continued of the same mind at fourteen, she 
should be allowed the privilege. Before this time 
arrived, her mother, who had long been an invalid, 
was removed by death. The wish to be baptized 
was notwithstanding carried out, and in company 
with an elder sister she underwent the rite in the 
presence of a large congregation. 

After the death of her mother, our dear friend 
passed through many trials. Her father's circum- 
stances became much involved, which caused the 
family to remove from Dunstable into the West 


of England : and after some time they settled at 
Exeter. During these years, three beloved sisters 
quickly followed each other to the grave. Their 
death made a deep impression on her mind. Her 
feelings also suffered a severe shock in the sudden 
death of a favorite and talented brother,* just as 
he was entering upon life. 

After her father's second marriage, she re- 
sided for some time as a parlour boarder in a 
ladies' school. Later, she took up her abode 
with her brother William, who had become a 
barrister in London. It was probably at this 
time, that she was exposed to the attractions of 
worldly society. Her fondness for music, and 
her skill in playing various instruments, caused 
her company to be sought; and she was some- 
times in parties where dancing formed part of 
the amusement of the evening. But her mind 
instinctively shrank from this kind of entertain- 
ment, and it is evident by some lines she wrote 
after an evening so spent, that she was occupied 
with more serious thoughts than are usually found 
in the ball room. 

About this time she received the attentions 
of a young man, who was in many respects of 
congenial tastes and dispositions, and whom she 
* He was one of the original Editors of the Eclectic Review. 


much admired; but the persuasion (to which she 
could not close her eyes) that, with all his talents 
and attractiveness, he was not likely to prove a 
helpmeet to her in the heavenward journey, — led 
her to the conclusion entirely to give up any 
thought of marriage; and from that time she 
avoided his company. 

She now devoted herself with much earnest- 
ness (although in delicate health) to visiting the 
poor ; and this occupation in all her after life had 
an especial interest for her; she truly felt it to be 
not only a duty, but a privilege. The following 
memoranda of her visits will show the character 
of this Christian labour : — 


1823. The first visit was to Elizabeth Wheeler 
in Gray's Inn Workhouse. * * She was in 
trouble of mind I heard, and could not read. I 
found her in the infirm ward, spelling anxiously 
over her book. It seems she had for some years 
earned her living by washing and ironing ; and 
had gone for the first time to a new employer; 
which she was just thinking would prove " a 
certainty for life," when the paralytic affection 
seized her which in the end proved fatal. Having 
no friends or relations, she was carried to the 
"Workhouse. She looked at me with tears of 
astonishment, and said, " you are as one dropped 
from the clouds, I do not know you ! I thought 
no one knew of me, I have no relation or friend 
in the world ! " As I visited her again and again, 



her mind became more composed. I learned 
from a woman in the next bed, whose countenance 
had attracted me by its heavenly expression, that 
the morning I first called, Elizabeth Wheeler had 
been complaining and repining at her hard lot, in 
having no one to visit or relieve her ; whilst others 
had many coming to comfort and console them. 
She bid her put her trust in God, saying, " He 
can raise you up a friend you little think of." 
This occasioned those looks of wonder and emotion 
which I had observed. 

Her kind adviser was sorely afflicted, and had 
not turned in her bed for two years ; yet she was 
always rejoicing, and said, " as her pains increased 
her joys increased." There were other truly in- 
teresting women in that ward, whose Bibles were 
their constant companions. " Through patience 
and comfort of the Scriptures," they were sup- 
ported in extreme bodily suffering. * * * 

Mary Cooper I happened to visit seasonably. 
Although quite a stranger, hearing only her name, 
I ventured to go to her garret. She had been 
praying for help, but could not think how it could 
come. She gets her living by selling water-cresses. 
Clean, neat, and contented, she is satisfied with 
her lot ; and has told me that when dry bread is 
her only meal, tears often flow down her cheeks 
with her deep sense of unmerited mercies. * * * 

Another I heard of, but felt a disinclination 
to go, and did not attend to her for many months ; 
till one day on reading these words, " there stood 
before Him a man having the dropsy," (this was 
her disease) I concluded to go immediately ; and 
found her in deep distress, expecting to be seized 
for arrears of rent. She said, " her prayers were 


heard ; and that once before, a young lady quite 
unknown to her, came in a similar time of trial 
and gave her a guinea." R. B. often called with 
me to see this sufferer, little thinking so soon to 
be laid on a suffering bed herself. * * * 

" If ye, being evil, know how to give good 
gifts to your children, how much more shall your 
Heavenly Father give His Holy Spirit to them 
that ask Him." Once I had prepared a nice 
parcel of clothes for one who delayed coming for 
it, and I waited and watched for her daily. So 
(I thought) does Infinite love wait to be gracious, 
still crying, " Ye will not come ! " I had the 
pleasure of clothing her decently in exchange for 
her rags, and thought of the change of raiment 
promised in Christ Jesus : " I will give them 
change of raiment." * * * 

This occupation might have become too en- 
grossing and fatiguing, (in my weak state both of 
body and mind), had I not been moderated in it 
by remembering [that it is written] " as ye have 
opportunity, do good." I pursued more quietly 
the sweet employ, and found much to interest. * * 

Christiana Seagrove was brought up in the 
Foundling Hospital. She became seriously im- 
pressed, and soon after was afflicted in body. 
During eighteen years illness, a kind woman 
acted the part of a tender parent to her, during 
which time her temporal needs were wonderfully 
supplied. As some friends were praying for her 
recover}^ ease and health were instantly granted ; 
and she rose from her bed after being confined to 
it for three years, again able to maintain herself 
by needlework. * * * 

I have felt a comfortable hope for many 


forlorn unknown ones, that there is One who takes 
care of all, however obscure ; " His tender mercies 
are over all His works." Wonderful histories I 
have heard of the supplies sent in time of need, 
from unexpected, unknown hands; and have been 
made to exclaim, " How excellent is Thy loving 
kindness, O God ! therefore do the children of 
men put their trust under the shadow of Thy 
wings. 1 ' Ps. xxxvi. 7. 

During the early part of her residence in 
London, Caroline Parken availed herself of the 
facilities afforded her, of attending religious meet- 
ings amongst different denominations of Christians. 
For some years, she walked several miles to attend 
the preaching of Daniel Wilson, (afterwards Bishop 
of Calcutta,) and has frequently been heard to 
allude to the solemnity, which was felt pervading 
the large congregation under his ministry, and 
which continued with them on separating. She 
also went sometimes to the Moravian Chapel, and 
for a short time was a good deal amongst the 
W r esleyans ; attending some of their Class Meet- 
ings. She has likewise referred to one or more 
Prayer Meetings at which she was present, at 
General Burn's ; attended by some who after- 
wards became devoted Christians, but were then 
recently awakened. 

Shortly after this time, about the year 1825 
or 26, she met in a stage coach with the late 


Martha Smith of Doncaster. They were mutually 
attracted to one another ; and soon fell into con- 
versation, in the course of which Martha Smith 
told her new acquaintance, that she believed she 
would one day become a " Friend," to which 
Caroline E. Parken replied, " No, never ! " During 
their journey, Martha Smith recommended her to 
read the Life of Mary Dudley. When calling 
one day some time after, at the house of a Friend 
named Christiana Whiting at Tottenham, who 
was known to a family with whom she was stay- 
ing, she saw the book, and asked to borrow it. 
After reading it, she felt increasing interest in the 
Society, and thought she would like to attend a 
Friends' Meeting. An opportunity occurred shortly 
afterwards ; when she saw an advertisement of a 
meeting, specially called at the request of some 
ministers, to be held at Martin's Lane, Westmins- 
ter. To this, accompanied by one of her brothers, 
she went, but did not particularly enjoy it. She 
thought, however, that she should like to attend 
one of the usual meetings held there, and con- 
cluded to go on a week-day. The meeting was a 
silent one; but she felt in it that which was beyond 

From this time she very frequently attended 
the meetings of Friends, still continuing to go to 


Church on the first First-day in each month, to 
partake of what is called the Sacrament; until 
one clay when so occupied, she felt that it would 
be for the last time. As she had not even then 
any intention of becoming a Friend, she concluded 
that she must be going to die, — for she was in 
very poor health. But when the next " Sacrament 
Sunday" arrived, she felt that it would be right 
for her to go to meeting : and on this occasion 
she attended the one held at Peel Court, John 
Street, Islington. On sitting down in the meeting, 
she was made sensible of such a blessed spiritual 
communion, that she felt it was better than any 
outward sacrament. Whilst in the enjoyment of 
these feelings, the late Richard Barrett rose, and 
quoted with much solemnity and power the words 
of the Saviour, " Take, eat, this is My body," &c. 
Her soul was so satisfied and replenished, as with 
the bread and wine of the kingdom, that from 
that time she felt no desire to partake again of 
the outward rite. 

She now continued diligently to attend the 
meetings of Friends, and in. about nine months 
from the time she first went to one, she believed 
it right to apply for membership. Her applica- 
tion was early responded to, and after one or 
more visits from Friends appointed by West- 


minster Meeting, she was received into member- 
ship in the Third month, 1827.* 

Caroline E. Parken had not been attending 
Friends' meetings many years, before the belief 
was impressed on her own mind, and also inti- 
mated to her by some of her friends, that she 
would be called, sooner or later, to the public 
ministry of the word. She dwelt for months, if 
not for years, under this weighty prospect ; greatly 
desiring to be preserved from entering upon the 
service, before the full time was come : believing 
that when this had arrived, strength would also 
be given her to move forward in it. In thus 
seeking to keep near to her Lord, waiting as at 
His feet for the pointing of His finger, and en- 
during the baptisms of His spirit, her bonds were 
at length loosed; and she was enabled, with much 
unction and sweetness, to deliver the message 
given her, — it may not be too much to say, "with 
fear and great joy." Her friends being satisfied 
that her ministry was of the Lord's requiring, 
recorded her as an acknowledged Minister in the 
Seventh month, 1837, and very soon she felt it 

* It was interesting to C. E. P. to recall that when 
only five years old, she had heen taken to a public meeting 
held by Friends at Dunstable. The Friends who called it, 
took much notice of her afterwards, and even then she felt 
drawn to them. 


required of her to obtain a minute from her 
Monthly Meeting for service away from home. 

The first occasion was in the autumn of the 
same year, when she was associated with a little 
hand of Friends, who were holding meetings in the 
Isle of Wight. Among them were Elizabeth and 
Mary Dudley, Thomas and Lucy Maw, Thomas 
and Carolina Norton, and Margaret Pope. Many 
meetings were held, which appear to have been 
owned by the Master's presence, and to have 
proved times of instruction and comfort to those 
who were visiting, as well as to those visited. 
During this journey many calls were made on 
invalids and others by several of the party, some 
of which were long remembered as interesting 

On several other occasions, she was united 
with her much valued friend Elizabeth Dudley. 
In 1839 they were linked together in religious 
service in Bedfordshire, (her native county,) Hert- 
fordshire, and Buckinghamshire, and afterwards 
in visiting families, &c, in some places in the 
neighbourhood of London. The following brief 
memoranda refer to these visits. They are with- 
out date. 

" Whilst travelling through Bedfordshire, a 
meeting was held in the Baptist Meeting House, 


where I had been a member. In looking towards 
it, fears arose lest it should be required of me to 
speak something of my own experience. Feeling 
at length resigned to do so, I went to the meeting : 
but remembering the expression ' she declared 
before all the people ' &c, felt increasing fear lest 
I should be called to do so. In great trembling 
and agitation, dwelling on this, I kneeled down 
in prayer. Elizabeth Dudley then rose, and 
spoke of the woman who ' declared before all the 
people how she had been healed.' I felt resigned 
to do so, but the weight of it was entirely removed; 
and I rose, and in much quiet, and without allu- 
sion to myself, also spoke of her who ' declared 
before all the people.' Many extraordinary things 
like this, (too many to relate,) have happened ; 
and yet faith is weak, though such abounding 
confirmation has been given me from season to 
season. Now looking to a long engagement, I do 
earnestly desire clearness, some outward evidence 
as well as inward." 

In a memorandum written after another of 
their journeys she says, " Our unity is still re- 
markably confirming, that we are rightly joined 
in this work ; it having been shown without 
exception in each family and meeting." Their 
friendship continued until 1849, when Elizabeth 


Dudley was removed by death after a few hours' 
illness. To this affecting event the following 
extract refers: — Ninth month, 1849. "It seems 
some relief this day of my precious Elizabeth 
Dudley's interment, to write a few words. In 
reading some records of past years, there is 
abundant proof of the comfort and strength I 
received through her ; and I did believe it a clear 
command, and requiring of duty at that time, to 
hold up her hands, and encourage and strengthen 
her. For all the blessing received I would give 
thanks, and desire that a double portion of her 
spirit may now rest on me; and others also. I 
have much desired that her death, so very sudden 
—and that this, the occasion of her funeral — may 
be a very teaching lesson to many, and that souls 
may be gathered to Christ this very day." 

Both before and after the decease of Eliza- 
beth Dudley, our dear friend during many years 
travelled frequently in the work of the ministry 
with Eebecca Sturges. They had both joined 
the Society about the same time. They differed 
much in their tastes and habits, yet they were 
united in the fellowship of the gospel. Caroline 
E. Parken was drawn into sympathy with indi- 
viduals, and was often enabled to hand the fitting 
word to different states and conditions in private ; 


whilst Rebecca Sturges was more especially at- 
tracted to schools, workhouses, &c, where her 
visits were sometimes gratefully remembered long 
afterwards. The diversity of their gifts seemed 
rather to fit them for travelling together. 

On a few occasions Caroline E. Parken was 
united with other Friends in gospel labours. She 
writes, — " At a meeting in Hertfordshire in a 
chapel, the hard and scornful spirit in a young 
woman opposite to me, seemed quite to sink me 
down, and I was resigned to sit through the 
meeting in silence : but the prayer arose in my 
heart, ' Break her down,' and immediately I felt 
relieved, and spoke at some length. Allusion was 
made to the words, ' Water ye the flocks, and 
they said, we cannot, until the stone is taken from 
the well's mouth ; then we water the flocks.' At 
the close, my companion Rachel Savory acknow- 
ledged the quiet and solemnity of the meeting; 
and said that that which at the beginning had 
been as a stone at the well's mouth, had been 
removed. Coming out of the chapel, the young 
woman came to me with flowing tears, and said, 
1 1 have been the stone at the well's mouth this 
evening ; I came in a hard, scornful spirit, but I 
am quite broken down ! ' The next evening she 
came to a meeting two or three miles off, looking 


quite changed, meek and serious, but happy. She 
said she had no sleep after the former meeting all 
night, but was now favoured with peace in Jesus." 

In connexion with her diligent fellow-labourer 
Eebecca Sturges, visits were paid to Essex, Sussex 
and Surrey ; Herefordshire, Worcestershire and 
Wales; Bristol and Somerset; Devonshire and 
Cornwall ; Dorsetshire and Hampshire ; Berk- 
shire and Oxfordshire; Warwickshire and Staf- 
fordshire. She says in writing to a friend, after 
alluding with interest to some of the small meet- 
ings, " It is remarkable that at Stafford, where 
only two members reside, (and these are con- 
vinced Friends), there are so many attenders of 
the meeting; and one seemingly rightly concerned, 
and under real convincement. It was a very 
interesting and favoured journey, and I can en- 
courage all the weak of the fold, to look only to 
the Shepherd's leadings, and follow in simple 

The last extensive journey was taken in 1858. 
It comprised Lancashire, Westmoreland, the Isle 
of Man, Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire, and North- 
amptonshire. Nine meetings were held in the 
Isle of Man, Friends' schools were visited at 
Penketh, Rawdon and Ackworth. In about thirty 
places meetings were held where Friends were 


settled, sometimes visits were paid in their'families, 
or public meetings were appointed. At Bradford, 
where Rebecca Sturges was born, they had a very 
large meeting of about 1200 persons: — another 
at Northampton, very large, " the prospect of 
which " wrote Caroline Parken, " had comforted 
me throughout the whole journey, and I was well 
satisfied and relieved. Also a sweet time at 
Stackleton, a village where, many years since, I 
had attended at the ordination of their present 
minister. We were received with cordial love, 
having been there fifteen years before ; we were 
most kindly welcomed amongst them. ' Israel 
shall be saved in the Lord with an everlasting 
salvation : they shall not be ashamed or con- 
founded, world without end.' " 

During these years, in the course of which 
she was so often called forth into fields of labour, 
more or less distant from her residence, — the 
quiet home at Bayswater was a peaceful retreat 
in the intervals ; and was often the resort of those 
who loved the Saviour, and who found it sweet 
and profitable to commune with her on spiritual 
themes. And here it may be fitting to allude to 
the desire she manifested through life, that times 
of social intercourse should be also times of 
spiritual quickening. She loved to have the young 

m 2 


around her, especially such as were enquiring 
" the way to Zion, with their faces thitherward ; " 
and she would often interest them by some pages 
out of her own experience, or by bringing out the 
Bible, and getting each of those present to choose 
a portion to read. Many will remember the 
atmosphere of heavenly love, which was often 
permitted to pervade the little company. 

About the year 1859, she felt it best to yield 
to the wish of her brother, to go and reside with 
him at St. Alban's. Here she was cut off for some 
years from much association with Friends ; but 
she used occasionally to attend the meeting at 
Westminster on a week-day ; and on First-days, 
she was able sometimes to go over to Hemel 
Hempstead, to attend the little meeting there. 
At St. Alban's she soon found occupation in 
visiting those around her, belonging to different 
denominations of Christians; and entering into 
sympathy with them. Here also she was diligent 
in her visits to the poor; and while deeply con- 
cerned for their spiritual wants, at the same time 
gave liberally for the supply of their temporal 
necessities. It may truly be said of her, that she 
felt it " more blessed to give than to receive." In 
1867 when circumstances led to her leaving St. 
Alban's, her loss was much felt by many* both 


amongst rich and poor. After this she went for 
a time to reside at Ashford in Kent, having pre- 
viously spent some months at Brighton. During 
her stay at Ashford, she visited the meetings and 
families of Friends in that county; and held some 
public meetings. 

Latterly she took up her abode at Bourne- 
mouth, to be near a nephew and his family ; whose 
attentions were a comfort to her during her re- 
maining days. These were shaded by some close 
domestic trials. She says in a letter to a friend 
dated 1873, " This season (six years since) brought 
the tidings of that heavy trial, from the effects of 
which my spirits have never recovered. I am, 
however, favoured with settled peace and content." 
* * Her bodily strength was now declining, 
and for three or four years she was seldom able to 
get to meeting; but she enjoyed the visits of her 
friends, and by her lively conversation, proved 
that her mind was still bright, and her sympathies 
quick as ever. 

Her last illness was a suffering one, but she 
was sustained by the assurance of the faithfulness 
of Him " in whom she had believed." Some 
friends calling to take leave of her a few weeks 
before her death, found her full of gratitude for 
the mercies which had followed her all her life 


long. Another Friend visiting her within a week 
or ten days of the close, she told him hers had 
been " a very happy life." Her delight in hearing 
the Bible read continued to the end ; and when 
unable to speak, she would sometimes point those 
around her to passages of Scripture, which she 
thought appropriate to their state, or descriptive of 
her own. Her love for hymns continued also to the 
close. She told her niece who waited upon her with 
affectionate kindness, that she had asked for an 
easy dismissal ; and that she did not doubt, as all 
her other prayers had been answered, this too 
would be granted. And on the last day of her 
life, after having her bed adjusted, and her pillows 
arranged, she desired that she might not be dis- 
turbed, lay very still until about seven in the 
evening, and then peacefully departed, — as we 
cannot doubt, to the heavenly inheritance. She 
died on the 28th of the Fifth month, 1874, 
aged 82 years, and her remains were interred 
at the Friends' Burial Ground, Poole. The fol- 
lowing extract from her memoranda may perhaps 
prove a fitting conclusion to this memorial :— 

" The deathbed of the prophet Elisha is an 
instance, how slightly the sicknesses and deaths 
of the saints are passed over in Scripture, — as 
though the mortal part were little worth regarding, 


and just the end immaterial, when the whole life 

had been spent in dedication ; not like those who 

look [too much] to the dying hour as the time of 


Pkisctlla Paekee, 36 13 2 mo. 1874 

Bradford. Daughter of the late William and 

Hannah Parker. 
John Paenall, 86 13 4 mo. 1874 

Wadebridge, Cornwall. 
John Parnall was born at Padstow, a small 
port on the north coast of Cornwall. When quite 
a lad, his mother took him to a public meeting, 
held by two women Friends at Padstow. It is 
said, that after the meeting he went into his 
father's wool-combing shop; and having a very 
good memory < he offered to repeat the sermon to 
the men : which he did so well, as to produce 
a great impression ; and ultimately he was led to 
join in membership with the Society. He fol- 
lowed a seafaring life, was captain of a coasting 
vessel, and experienced the vicissitudes attendant 
on this hazardous calling : not only in loss of 
property by wreck, but also by the death of a 
son, who perished when his vessel was lost. 

He settled at Wadebridge, near his native 
place, where there was at one time a nice little 
meeting of Friends : but he lived to see them all 


gone, either by death or removal, and for many 
years he was the only one left. His family not 
joining the Society, he used to occupy the meeting 
house alone : and on one occasion a Friend who 
was travelling, stopped at Wadebridge, and re- 
pairing to the spot to join him, heard a voice, and 
found him on his knees in earnest supplication. 
He felt the loss of his Friends much, but main- 
tained the even tenour of his way; and to a 
neighbour who called on him a short time before 
his death, he said, " the eternal city is in view 
without a cloud ! " 
William Pattison, 62 22 9 mo. 1873 

Mathgar, County Dublin. 
Louisa Pearman, 29 15 2 mo. 1874 

WinterbrooJc, Wallingford. Daughter of Alfred 

and Mary Pearman. 
John Beaumont Pease, 70 12 11 mo. 1873 

North Lodge, Darlington. An Elder. 
Helen Theeesa Pease, 6 25 1 mo. 1874 

Darlington. Daughter of Edwin Lucas and 

Frances Helen Pease. 

The dear Lord has specially invited the little 
ones to come unto Him ; how sweet when they 
accept the call, and feel He is indeed their loving 
Friend and Saviour ! 

This dear child, thus early taken, had given 


precious evidence of her love for Jesus. Though 
possessed of overflowing spirits, she had always 
shown a marked reverence for sacred subjects; 
but it was not till after a very serious illness, 
from the effects of which she never entirely re- 
covered, that the direct influence of the Holy 
Spirit was especially manifest in her young heart ; 
filling her with great love for her Saviour, and 
making His presence a living reality and joy. 
Tender and loving she had always been; but 
towards the close of her little life, her sweet 
thought for others, and deep sympathy for any 
one in sorrow, were most touching. 

She was very fond of having her thoughts 
put on paper, and simple and childish though 
these " posing s " were, they were full of love for 
Jesus, a desire to be like Him, and a heaven- 
taught realization of things unseen. Very gently 
but quickly the summons came, to remove this 
precious little one to the Home she had pictured 
thus : — 

" There is not a spot of unhappiness in heaven 
above, — all is full of joy. 

God makes everything the angels want. 

There are flowers in heaven." 
Martha Bevington Pegler, 83 4 12 mo. 1873 

Eatington. Wife of Theophilus Haddock Pegler, 


Caroline Pegler, 61 16 2 mo. 1874 

Maugersbury, Stow-on-the-Wold. Daughter of 

John Pegler. 
Mary Jane Phelps, 65 30 11 mo. 1873 

Moyallon, near Portadoum. 
Mary Anna Pickard, 50 14 12 mo. 1873 

Harrogate. Wife of Isaac Pickard. 
Arabella Pim, 69 9 11 mo. 1873 

Mountmellick. Widow of Jonathan Pim. 
Ivan Frederic Pim, 4} 5 3 mo. 1874 

Morikstown, Dublin. Son of Frederic William 

and Hannah Pim 
Mary Pim, Wandsworth. 69 6 4 mo. 1874 

An Elder. 
Maria Pollard, Hitchin. 79 13 2 mo. 1873 

Widow of Joseph Pollard. (See last year.) 
Our esteemed friend was left a widow at the 
early age of thirty -one years. This trial was 
however very much blessed to her : her religious 
life deepened ; and as years rolled on, it was 
evident to all that her soul was strengthened in 
her Father and her God. Her favourite text was, 
" Be careful for nothing : but in every thing by 
praj^er and supplication with thanksgiving let 
your requests be made known unto God." Phil, 
iv. 6. — And it was evident that " the peace of 
God which passeth all understanding kept her 
heart and mind through Christ Jesus." 


Her bright, loving, and gentle disposition 
made her a favourite with the young, whom she 
ever sought to lead to their Saviour: and her 
memory will long be cherished by many, who 
look back with gratitude upon her kindness to 
them in years gone by. Since her decease, a 
Friend remarked to one of the family, " though 
not accustomed to talk religion, she lived it; and 
I can testify that in intervals of quiet Christian in- 
tercourse, she was not ashamed to state that her 
only trust was in the atoning work of Christ," 
To another Friend who called upon her, and 
spoke upon Biblical subjects, she said, " what a 
blessing it would be, if conversation during the 
time of making calls were more generally thus 
occupied, instead of being directed to the sayings 
and doings of our neighbours, as is too frequently 
the case ! " 

Her health towards the close of life had 
gradually failed ; but she was always desirous to 
embrace every opportunity of attending meetings 
for worship. The last attack of illness was brief, 
and her faculties continued clear to the end. She 
had dressed herself on the morning of the 27th 
of First month, 1873, and was in the act of 
rising from her knees, when a seizure of paralysis 
deprived her of the use of her left side. She was 



at once placed in her bed, which she never quitted 
again. Every day showed a diminution of strength, 
and a second seizure at the close of the week in- 
dicated that the end was not far off: but during 
the entire continuance of her illness, no murmur 
escaped her lips. The day after the second attack 
she said, " I can truly say that goodness and 
mercy have followed me all the days of my life, 
and I shall dwell in the house of the Lord for 
ever. God hath supplied all my need according 
to His goodness. He is so merciful ! according 
to His riches in glory by Christ Jesus. He hath 
dealt bountifully with me : 

" For I'm a poor sinner and nothing at all, 
But Jesus Christ is my all in all." 

Her memory was remarkably good, and it had 
been well stored with hymns and passages of 
Scripture, which had been learnt while dressing 
herself in the morning, a practice which she con- 
tinued through life. During her illness it was 
surprising to hear so many accurately repeated. 
When disengaged, a hymn was generally on her 
lips. The one most frequently quoted at this 
time was — 

" the wondrous loving kindness ! 
Planning, working out of sight, — 


Bearing with us in our blindness, 
Out of darkness bringing light : 

" Weaving blessings out of trials, 

Out of grief evolving bliss, 
Answering prayer by wise denials, 

When Thy children ask amiss. 

" And when faith shall end in vision, 
And when prayer is lost in praise, 

Then shall love in full fruition 
Justify Thy secret ways." * 

At another time she spoke again of our Heavenly 
Father's mercy in supplying all our need : saying, 
" He has supplied mine even to a hair's breath." 
In reply to a text which was quoted to her, " unto 
you that believe He is precious," she said, "Jesus 
has been very precious to us, and He will be to 
the end. But how unworthy I am ! I am a poor 
thing, a poor, worthless creature : yet He has 
had mercy upon me ! Glory to God and to the 
Lamb for ever ! I can't do any thing but wonder 
and adore. Jesus is the chiefest among ten 
thousand, and altogether lovely." 

The only allusion made by her to temporal 
matters was, " there will be a subscription or two 

* " Trust in God," from the " Little while and other poems," 
by J. D. Crewdson. Kitto, Pitman, &c. 


coming due, but there will be something to pay 
them with." This thoughtfulness was very char- 
acteristic. When a small legacy had been left 
her two years before, she said, " now I should 
like to double my subscription to the Orphan 
Working School," which she did, as well as to 
some other charities, when the subscriptions 
again became due. 

On the 9th of Second month, the first twelve 
verses of the Second Epistle to Timothy being 
read, she said " What a blessing it is to be able 
to say, ' I know in whom I have believed ! ' " She 
was reminded that the same Lord who enabled 
the apostle Paul to say so, would give the like 
grace to all his children; when she replied, " yes, 
there is one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one 
God and Father of all, who is above all, and 
through all. and in you all." (Eph. iv. 5, 6.) 
After a time of quiet, when it seemed likely that 
all would soon be over, her son said to her, 
" Thanks be to God who giveth us the victory 
through our Lord Jesus Christ!" She replied, 
" He hath given us the victory! — The grace of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and 
the fellowship of the Holy Ghost, be with us all 
evermore. He is worthy of thanksgiving, adora- 
tion and praise. 


" Praise God from whom all blessings flow ; 
Praise Him, all creatures here below ; 
Praise Him above, ye heavenly host ! 
Praise Father, Son, and Holy Ghost." 

* * " Blessed is the man whom Thou choosest, 
Lord, and causest to approach unto Thee. * * 
There has been no tumult,-— all calm. * * But 
there is more safety sometimes in a storm than 
in a calm. 

" Yet amidst the toss and tumult 

I clasp a saving arm ; 
And clinging to its strength, the storm 

Is safer than a calm : 
No bark hath ever founder'd 

With such a Friend on board, 
No soul was ever cast away 

With such a Saviour Lord ! " * 

Her gratitude to those who attended at her bed- 
side was constantly and frequently expressed, and 
she was most anxious not to cause them any un- 
necessary trouble. On the 10th of Second month 
she said, " My precious Saviour is my shield and 
protector : He hath loved us with an everlasting 
love : therefore with loving kindness hath He 
drawn us." 

During the last clay of her life, she com- 

* " Peace, be still,*' from 1 The Little While, &c." 



plained of cramp in her right side (the one not 
affected by paralysis,) but after some amount of 
friction and the application of hot-water bottles, it 
subsided ; and during the evening she constantly 
repeated her favourite hymn, especially the stanza 
— " the wondrous loving kindness ; " and the 
following from the Olney Hymns : — 

" Retreat beneath His wings, 
And in His grace confide, 

This more exalts the King of Kings 
Than all your works beside. 

" In Jesus is our store, 

Grace issues from His throne : 

Whoever says, I want no more, 
Confesses he has none." 
These were repeated again and again that last 
evening, and her son who was watching, was 
soothed and comforted as he sat by the bedside, 
listening with no small surprise to the continuous 
and perfectly correct repetition of verse after 
verse. After a long and comfortable sleep of two 
hours, she took some refreshment, and conversed 
with her son for some time : who left her in 
the early morning, expressing his wish that our 
Saviours promise, " My peace I give unto you," 
might ever be fulfilled in her experience ; to 
which she fully assented. She again slept till 


about six o'clock, when the nurse observing a 
change, summoned all to her room. The breathing 
was very short and the eyes dim. Before long 
two. slight gasps showed that the mortal life had 
fled. The words she had so recently dwelt upon 
came to mind — 

" When faith shall end in vision, 
And when prayer is lost in praise, 
Then shall love in full fruition 
Justify Thy secret ways ; " — 
and it was felt that she had entered into the 
immediate presence of her Saviour, and would 
be " for ever with the Lord." 
Joshua Priestman, 72 22 2 mo. 1874 

Thornton near Pickering. 
Sarah Pritchard, 14 23 4 mo. 1874 

Bessbrook. ' Daughter of Thomas and Sarah 

Harry R. Puckrin, 2 8 7 mo. 1874 

Castleton, Yorkshire. Son of Ward Puckrin. 
Frances Rait, 04 11 2 mo. 1874 

Rathangan. Widow of John Rait. 
Selina Reed, 52 17 7 mo. 1874 

Holloway. Wife of Alexander Reed. 
Jane Richardson, 65 5 12 mo. 1873 

Ashfield, Newcastle. An Elder. Widow of 

Edward Richardson. 


Jane Richardson was the only child of John 
Wighani (Junior) of Edinburgh, and a grand- 
daughter of that John Wigham of Coanwood in 
Northumberland, who in 1784 felt drawn to 
settle in Scotland to restore the discipline among 
Friends, which at that time had lapsed into great 
irregularity. The same John Wigham, going at 
a later period on gospel service to America, chose 
to take a steerage passage, that he might nurse 
the sick passengers. 

John Wigham (Junior) was three years old 
at the time of this family migration to Scotland, 
and though brought up principally at Aberdeen, 
in the end settled at Edinburgh. He became a 
very useful citizen, connected with every bene- 
volent association, and highly esteemed as a man 
of expanded views, and of large hospitalities. 
His daughter was thus early introduced to in- 
fluences which developed her highly sympathetic 
character; and though lonely as a child, had no 
taint of selfishness ; and the delicate health of 
her mother, who died when Jane was only about 
twelve years old, claimed much loving care and 
attention. Her taste for intellectual pursuits, and 
her early friendships, made her girlhood very 

In 1830 she was married to Edward Richard- 


son of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and for thirty three 
years was his loving and faithful partner. Her 
view of this important step was a truly serious 
one. " I ever felt that it was the one great 
change in my life : and that, except that we live 
over again in our children, it was the final step 
till the great change of all." She most con- 
scientiously performed the duties devolving upon 
her as wife and mother, and mistress in the 
household. The education of her children claimed 
her earnest care. While seeking to train them 
up in the highest principles, to cultivate their 
intellects, and promote in them a love for nature, 
and admiration of the great Creator's works, she 
did not neglect to educate their hands to useful 
industry, and to give them a taste for refining 
pursuits of every kind. Her desire was that the 
home atmosphere should be filled with healthful 
and happy influences. 

The uncertain and delicate health of her 
husband was a source of great solicitude ; and 
in her constant anxieties and exertions on his 
account, her own strength was at times much 
reduced : and a tendency to early blindness was 
apprehended, which in after years was realized. 
These periods of suffering and weakness were 
however borne with patience, and an humble 


recognition that " whom the Lord loveth, He 
chasteneth : " — and she was comforted in the 
prophet's declaration, " In all their afflictions He 
was afflicted, and the angel of His presence saved 
them." This was the key-note of her soul in 
trials so keenly felt. In coming from London to 
Newcastle by sea, according to medical advice, 
Edward Richardson accompanied by his sister 
suffered shipwreck in a blinding storm of rain 
and the darkness of approaching night ; the vessel 
striking on the Newcome sandbank off Pakefield, 
in approaching the Yarmouth Roads. The small 
boat was launched and swamped, signals of 
distress were made, but not seen from the nearest 
station at Lowestoft. However a gentleman 
driving about a quarter of a mile from the town, 
observing the lights, gallopped in, and the life 
boat being instantly despatched, reached the ship 
just in time to rescue the passengers from a watery 
grave. They hastened home with the news of 
their own deliverance ; " and to increase our 
wonder and gratitude," writes the rejoicing wife, 
" neither of our beloved voyagers appeared to 
have suffered from the exposure of that disastrous 
night ! " Surely we may adopt the language of 
Addison's beautiful hymn : 

" We knew Thou wert not slow to hear, 
Nor impotent to save." 


Jane Richard son was called to part with four 
of her beloved children, and to her nature this 
was a very painful trial. First month, 1st, 1847, 
she says, " the dawn of a new year finds our 
household band diminished. One of our fairest 
and brightest flowers, whose opening promise de- 
lighted our eyes and hearts, withered and dead ! 
Our seventh darling, Isaac, appeared in perfect 
and blooming health until the 9th of Twelfth 
month, and on the 26th he died ! . We desire 
to bow with submission to the will of that gracious 
Father, who has seen meet to call him to a higher 
and purer state of being, delivered through the 
redeeming mercy of his Saviour from all tempta- 
tions and sorrow. Oh, that we and our remaining 
children may be enabled to rejoin our precious 
one, and form a family in heaven." The next trial 
of this kind was the death of little Margaret, four 
years old, the youngest of the family and the 
darling of the home. " If I am at all worthy," 
says the afflicted mother, " to be made an instru- 
ment of usefulness in the Church of Christ, and 
have any gift for such usefulness, it is in comforting 
the afflicted. May I seek spiritual strength to 
offer consolation to others ; with the comfort where- 
with I also am comforted of God ! " 

These aspirations were answered by the won- 


derful power of sympathy given her, " to rejoice 
with them who do rejoice, and weep with them 
that weep." Even strangers were so drawn to 
her, that almost before they were aware, they told 
her their troubles. To the young, the aged, and 
the poor, she was constantly ready with kind 
counsel, and with help when needed. James 
Montgomery the Poet had in 1837 established in 
Newcastle a society for visiting aged women. 
She took one of the lowest districts in the town, 
and continued diligent in the work till her in- 
creasing blindness rendered it impossible. The 
love and reverence which these poor people felt 
for her arose not so much from the amount of her 
gifts, as from the sympathy which flowed towards 
them, not as protegees, but as fellow-creatures, 
with the same joys and sorrows and anxieties as 
their visitor. She was especially useful in calling 
on the sick, comforting them with hymns ; and 
this induced her to add to her ample store of 
poetry, by learning many that were most full of 
Christian hope. Even after her blindness, she 
committed them to memory from her children's 
reading. She was remarkable for the sweet 
melodies and Scriptures with which she thus 
soothed the sick, or comforted her friends in later 
years, in her own family or in their religious 


In 1853, when the terrible visitation of Asiatic 
cholera absorbed the interest of all who cared for 
the poor, Jane Richardson was fearless in visiting 
the worst houses ; distributing clothes to the con- 
valescent, and cheering those who were stricken 
with panic. Her journal sums up as follows : — 
" During the short space of one month, 1500 
persons were carried off in Newcastle and Gates- 
head ! It was a great favour at such a time to be 
preserved in quiet trust in the Preserver of men, 
free from nervous alarm. To rise in the morning, 
and find all the household well, was a daily cause 
for unspeakable thankfulness." 

The failure of the District Bank in 1857 
involved the family in pecuniary losses along with 
the whole neighbourhood; and again her patience, 
faith and courage were exercised in needful re- 
trenchments, which helped her husband through 
those dreary winter months. She says, "may 
this be my watchword, — rejoicing in hope, patient 
in tribulation, continuing instant in prayer : " and 
at the close of the following year, " now this 
eventful 1858 is gone for ever ! To us and many 
of our friends, how full of change ! * * and 
with the new year, we know not what is before us, 
a veil is in mercy cast over the future : but we do 
know, that Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, 
to-day, and for ever ! " o 


It is remarkable that with all her busy life 
of sympathy and home cares, she was yet in- 
terested in the course of public events, and 
philanthropic societies. And as a Friend, she 
was much attached to the principles of the Society 
in which she had been brought up, having a 
strong appreciation of their spirituality, and con- 
sistency with the Divine revelation; but with 
large toleration for difference of opinion in others. 
The increasing failure of her sight restricted the 
round of her occupations to such as were compatible 
with comparative blindness ; she could still, by 
an instrument called the noctograph, write loving 
messages to her children and friends; but her 
journal was gradually discontinued. At the close 
of 1860, she wrote : " amid much weakness and 
many discouragements, I desire to record my 
thankfulness, that our God hears and answers our 
humble petitions. Very striking instances of this 
have occurred in my own experience, and I long 
that my dear children should know and feel it for 
themselves : — that they should not be perplexed 
by philosophic speculations, as to how the laws 
that govern God's universe could be affected by 
the petitions of the creature He has made. 
that they may accept in childlike simplicity the 
plain declaration, ash, and ye shall receive, not in 


spiritual things only, but in all temporal per- 
plexities. What relief can there be to the 
burdened heart, like casting all our care upon 
Him ? for He careth for us." 

In the summer of 1863, she rejoiced in the 
happy marriage of one of her daughters, and closed 
her journal in these words : " Thus I conclude 
with earthly hope, yet deeply feeling from painful 
experience how often it is destined to disappoint- 
ment Let our hope rise higher. Let it be an 
anchor to the soul, both sure and steadfast, and 
which entereth into that within the veil." But in 
the autumn came a heavy trial in the death of 
her husband. After a time of enjoyment in the 
society of many guests and friends at the meeting 
of the British Association, Edward Bichardson 
fell ill with no power to rally. It was a grief to 
his loving wife that she could no longer see him, 
and nurse him as in times past, but she was 
almost constantly with him, and repeated his 
favourite hymns. The last he listened to were 
Jane Crewdson's last lines : 

" Saviour, I have nought to plead 
In earth beneath or heaven above, 

But only my exceeding need, 
And Thy exceeding love." 
To which he heartily responded, " ah, yes ! " A 


little time previously he had quoted the beautiful 
words of the 23rd Psalm, " Surely goodness and 
mercy have followed me all the days of my life, 
and I shall dwell in the house of the Lord for 
ever : " and a few hours later, when his spirit left 
its frail and worn tenement, his bereaved partner 
was able even to rejoice in her sorrow. 

Jane Richardson was in her general life of a 
hopeful and gladsome spirit. It seemed as if it 
were given her to illustrate the principle of glad- 
ness, which she thought was sometimes wanting 
in the daily routine and the public worship of 
even devoted Friends. She received every fresh 
claimant on her ever-flowing love with warm 
welcome. The marriages of her children and 
the accession of her grandchildren gave her great 
delight: and even in her blindness, her powers 
of memory and imagination were such, that a 
stranger walking with her in the cherished scenery 
of Grasmere or Scotland, would hardly realize 
that she could no longer see the objects of which 
she spoke so enthusiastically. 

At one time she spent a few weeks at Lucerne 
in Switzerland with her children : and either from 
the clearer air, or a stronger physical condition, 
was able to discern the snowy summits of the 
Alps, and clearly to see the shadow of a cross in 


the cemetery. This suggested a poem, of which 
the following are the principal stanzas * — 

Saviour ! be Thou ever near, 
Through the hours of life's long day, 

Unto all we hold most dear, — 
Be their light, their guard, their stay. 

In fair childhood's joyous morn, 

Bright with every varied hue, 
Be unto the tender flower, 

As the gently falling dew. 

Then if youth's bright hopes must fade, 
And with grief the heart be bowed, 

Rise, Thou Sun of Eighteousness, 
Paint Thy bow upon the cloud. 

When in noontide's sultry glow, 
Taint with care and toil we stand, 

Be our shadow from the heat 
In a dry and thirsty land. 

And when age comes stealing on* 

Saviour, still with us abide : 
Be Thy grace the softest light 

Of the peaceful eventide. 

And though flesh and heart should fail, 
Ere the silver cord must sever, 

Be the trembling spirit's strength, 
And our portion, Lord ! for ever. 



Thus, where'er our lot is cast, 

'Neath a bright or cloudy sky, 
In the shadow of the Cross, 

May we live, and may we die ! 

While indeed the loss of sight was a great trial, 
yet it was borne so cheerfully, and was such a 
bond of sympathy with all around her, that she 
had no restless longing to have it otherwise. But 
at the request of her children she submitted to 
various surgical examinations, which were how- 
ever uniformly unfavourable; till in 1868 she was 
led to consult Dr. Bell Taylor of Nottingham, 
whose skill had been found successful, when other 
oculists had failed. Happily the cataract in the 
right eye was at last, after preparatory measures, 
cautiously and successfully removed. Her sur- 
prise and pleasure in first seeing again the corners 
of the room, the pattern of the carpet, and the 
people on the other side of the street, was very 
great. An operation on the left eye was not so 
successful; and at last it was judged necessary 
for the safety of the restored eye that the other 
should be entirely removed. This operation was 
also performed, under chloroform, without any 
sense of pain at the time, but was followed by 
much pain and prostration for days afterwards ; 
yet in a week and a half she was able to return 


home; and when writing out the particulars of 
the case } as she was then enabled to do, she says, 
" I have abundant cause for thankfulness, and 
often think of the text, of which I reminded Dr. 
Taylor : * they glorified God who had given such 
power unto men.' " 

A few years more, and in 1872 she lost her 
eldest daughter; an attack of gastric fever laid 
her up in the Eleventh month, and in the spring 
of 1873, she had more than one epileptic seizure, 
depriving her for the time of speech. In the 
second instance, she lay forty hours in complete 
unconsciousness : but on the morning of the third 
day began to revive, and in the evening could 
again speak, and pray for her children : and 
when Baxter s hymn was repeated, she took it 
up at the line 

" Christ leads us through no darker rooms 
Than He went through before." 

Day by day she gained strength, and for the 
following months enjoyed again the company and 
visits of her friends, especially those that assumed 
a religious character; which seemed in some de- 
gree to supply the loss she felt in not being able 
to attend meetings for public worship. She gave 
her warm approval to the marriage of one of her 
daughters, and entered into the plans for its cele- 


bration on the 9th of Twelfth month. But this 
she was not permitted to witness. On the last 
day of the Eleventh month, she seemed unusually 
well, and even walked for half an hour in the 
garden. She retired early to rest, but soon after 
was seized with total inability to move : and after 
fluctuations of sickness, extreme weakness, and 
unconsciousness, expired on the morning of the 
3rd of Twelfth month. Her face, which during 
that year of illness had gained much dignity and 
sweetness, bore the impress of perfect peace ; as 
if she might have said : " I have seen God's hand 
through a life time, and all was for the best." 
Joseph Hancock Richardson, 

Cork. 30 11 12 mo. 1873 

Joseph Hancock Richardson died after a 
short and severe illness of ten days duration ; 
and it is hoped that in reading this short account 
of his brief bright life and early death, some may 
be stimulated to apply themselves with fresh 
courage to the battle of life, and to seek for that 
heavenly armour which alone will make them 
" more than conquerors." 

He was born in Newcastle on-Tyne on the 
8th of Second month, 1844, the beloved youngest 
son of John and Sarah Richardson (the former 
deceased). His boyhood was marked by a keen 


interest in natural objects, which as years went 
on, and his mind expanded and matured, led him 
into a reverent and ennobling apprehension of the 
greatness of his Creator, and a corresponding 
sense of his own insignificance. 

An extract from a letter, written to a friend 
at the age of twenty-two, will illustrate his feelings 
at this early period of his life. * * * " For 
Almighty God, the author of my existence, I feel 
the profoundest reverence and adoration my mind 
is capable of. I am as profoundly grateful for 
the perfect penetrating love I believe He feels for 
me, as well as all His creatures. I am lost in 
admiration of the omnipotent intellect, which has 
ordained the universe of matter, and the forces 
which control it, with such wonderful subtilty and 
skill, that man can only here and there understand 
and appreciate an effect, the causes being hid from 
his comprehension. Finally I feel bowed in 
reverent gratitude to Him for His pardoning 
mercies, which He extends to me, a guilty sinner, 
and to all men ; so long-suffering, so very gracious ! 
unlike anything we see on earth. It makes me 
feel, ' What is man, that Thou art mindful ofhim ? ■ " 
At another time he writes respecting a young 
friend, who in his trials seemed unacquainted with 
the comforts of religion ;— " He looks on the dark 


side of life, and I fear does not take his troubles 
to Him, ' whose yoke is easy, and whose burden 
is light.' " At this early date he had himself ex- 
perienced Christ to be his burden-bearer. 

Before his marriage, which took place at 
Plymouth in Fifth month, 1868, he resided for 
some time near Edinburgh; and while there, was 
greatly interested in the Industrial Museum, at 
that time being organized by Professor Archer, 
and found his way into many of the scientific 
laboratories; where he gathered much useful and 
varied knowledge, and where his eager interest 
in such things always gained him a welcome. 
After returning to Newcastle, his association with 
kindred minds as a member. of the Natural His- 
tory Society, yielded him many very happy hours. 

His interest were first awakened in the 
Temperance cause at Plymouth, where he resided 
for several years after leaving school, and where 
at about the age of sixteen he signed the pledge. 
This interest increased throughout his life, causing 
him to take an active part in Temperance agencies; 
the Permissive Bill in particular claiming his 
warm support. He frequently entertained the 
often humble advocates of this cause at his own 
house ; and held out the hand of friendship with 
heart and soul to any tempted brother, in the hope 


of helping him to rise. Thoroughly believing in 
the better nature of even the lowest sunk in 
degradation, he would labour with and for them 
with a Christian hopefulness. The Order of Good 
Templars in Cork (where the last four years of 
his life were spent) received his warmest co- 
operation; and through this instrumentality, 
under the Divine blessing, he was enabled to 
assist many and many a family out of the Slough 
of Despond which drinking had brought them 
into; paying them frequent Visits, often helping 
them into situations, and always encouraging 
them with cordial kindliness. As his term of life 
grew short, his earnestness deepened, and within 
the last few weeks, he aided in the establishment 
of Good Templar Lodges in Kinsale, Fermoy, 
Queenstown, and in the soldiers' barracks ; besides 
taking an occasional part in three in the city 
itself; often giving up evening hours, that should 
have been spent in rest at home. Most con- 
scientious in his duty to his employers, whose 
friendship and esteem were manifested on every 
occasion, he remained at business till within ten 
days of his death ; when illness of an alarming 
and very suffering nature attacked him, causing 
frequent periods of unconsciousness. Between 
these attacks he expressed his assurance that 


whatever the issue might be, all would be well ; 
often using the words, " 'tis all for the best." A 
letter written by one who attended him in the 
sick room, thus describes his state of mind, when 
unable to speak. " The comfort I feel in sitting 
by his side, looking into his dark earnest eyes, 
reading the peace within by the sweet smile, that 
always settles on the face when distress of some 
bodily sort does not chase it away, is more than 
words can describe." With his wife and others 
from a distance around him, he peacefully breathed 
his last on the morning of Fifth day, the 11th of 
Twelfth mo. 1873. 

The nurse handed to his widow a letter he 
had written to her with great effort on the even- 
ing of the 8th, when she was taking a little 
necessary rest. In this, after a few instructions 
and farewell messages to his many friends, he 
thus sends a word of stimulating encouragement 
to the six young apprentices in the business pre- 
viously referred to : " Try and do your duty to 
God and man, and never fear to face stern death. 
My mind is quite at rest." 
Elizabeth Hickman, 79 26 4 mo. 1874 

Abigail Robinson, 75 25 3 mo. 1874 

Moate. An Elder. Daughter ot John and 

Margaret Penrose Richardson. 


Hannah M. Robinson (Jr.), i 9 5 mo. 1874 
Jane Agnes Robinson, 2| 12 8 mo. 1874 

Two daughters of Christopher and Hannah 

Maria Robinson, of York. 
Lydia Robinson, 64 29 8 mo. 1874 

Limerick. Wife of Joseph Robinson. 
Emily Katherine Robson, 17 14 5 mo. 1874 

Hurworth, Darlington. Daughter of Edward 

and Katherine Robson. 
Sarah Russell, Dublin. 80 29 12 mo. 1873 

Widow of Joseph Russell of Moate. 
Mary Sadler, 59 5 2 mo. 1874 

Grange, near Alloriby. An Elder. Widow of 

John Sadler. 
Rachel Salmon, 67 15 3 mo. 1874 

Guildford. Widow of Thomas Salmon. 
Henry Scarnell, 23 9 1 mo. 1874 

Died at Walker, Newcastle-on-Tyne. Son of 

John and Anna Scarnell, Great Yarmouth. 
This dear young man was called away to his 
rest above, when his friends were fondly hoping 
that the hand of the Lord was preparing him 
for usefulness here. He was one of the Lord's 
visited children, and it was instructive to mark 
his religious progress, after the pattern our Saviour 
gave of a growth in grace, " first the blade, then 
the ear: — after that, the full corn in the ear." 



He was not without failings : but by Heavenly 
aid his will was brought into submission, though 
he was often sensible of many shortcomings. 

Most dutiful and affectionate was he as a 
son, kind and loving as a brother, distinguished 
by an amiable disposition and circumspect deport- 
ment, at all times anxiously concerned for the 
best welfare of his nearest connexions. He became 
thoroughly convinced of the principles of the 
Society of Friends : and during his apprentice- 
ship read largely of their early history, biography 
and works, longing to come up to the standard 
they professed. Not unfrequently did he express 
his belief, that young Friends lose very much, 
by not reading these works more. " Barclay's 
Apology" was a book he greatly valued. His 
remarks on religious subjects showed that a deep 
inward work was going on in his soul. 

He was especially careful to attend to im- 
pressions of duty in small as well as great things. 
Before he attained to manhood, he was concerned 
to adopt the plain dress and other distinctive 
customs of the Society of Friends : not (as he 
said) that he should be better or worse for any- 
thing he wore, but that it was right for him to 
do so, and he felt peace in these acts of self- 
denial, though they often exposed him to peculiar 


notice. He felt that after this much more was 
expected of him by others : but the Lord whom 
he desired faithfully to serve and follow, enabled 
him to maintain the watch, and adorn the doc- 
trine of his Saviour. He often mourned over the 
inconsistencies amongst us as a religious com- 
munity. Occasionally his voice was heard in 
meetings for worship. 

By no means a stranger to trial and dis- 
appointment, yet his sensitive mind was brought 
to bow in submission to the will of God. After 
the trial of leaving home to a distant situation, he 
writes : " I do trust I am in my right place : if 
only I am so, I care not. These trials purify the 
soul through the Heavenly physician. Oh, this 
belief is my stay. In thinking over the lot of my 
dear ones, I commit them to God's keeping. He 
makes a way for those who love Him; but we 
must show our love by our daily lives and con- 
versation. May I invite all with myself to a 
more entire resignation to God's will." 

Writing to a sister, he says : " I was rejoiced 
to hear my dear sister speak of the realities of 
religion. How delightful to think of us all, as a 
little band of true, devoted disciples of Jesus ! 
and then how joyous to think of all— not one 
excepted — meeting in heaven, to be for ever with 


the Lord ! " Little was it then thought, how soon 
he himself would meet his only brother, who had 
been called away some years before. 

During his last illness, he was calm, full of 
love to all, and full of thankfulness, desiring that 
the Lord's wall might be done, and that his own 
illness might be sanctified to his soul. He was 
advancing towards convalescence, and making 
arrangements to go to his parents for a change, 
when he incurred a relapse while taking exercise 
in the open air. His illness increasing, he became 
sensible that he could not recover, though this 
was only a few days before his death. Then he 
appeared to have nothing to do but to die, and 
said "he was prepared for the change, that he 
believed he was washed white in the blood of 
Christ, that he was going to be with Him, that 
he rested his hopes on the work of Christ, and on 
Christ only ; " saying also, " he that believeth on 
the Son hath life." On the last evening, he told 
his mother that the change for him would be a 
glorious change, and that he loved all, — every- 
body : and sent messages of love to his absent 
friends. Several times he broke out in vocal 
prayer ; and once, as if heaven was opening to 
his view, he exclaimed with emphasis, " Glorious! 
glorious ! glorious ! " These were nearly his last 

ANNUAL M0N1T0K. 161 

Samuel Joseph Scott, 61 27 3 mo. 1874 

Ter enure, County Dublin. 
Robert Thompson Shtllitoe, 

Sydenham, 5 19 7 mo. 1874 

Son of Buxton Shillitoe. 
Mary Ann Shipman, 79 1 7 mo. 1874 

Reading. Widow of James Shipman. 
Rachel Simms, 13 16 11 mo. 1873 

Chipping Norton. Daughter of Charles Price 

Mary Simpson, 55 25 12 mo. 1873 

Middlesborough. Wife of Robert Simpson. 
Robert Simpson, 74 3 3 mo. 1874 

MeTksham. An Elder. 
John Simpson, 67 25 7 mo. 1874 

Castlegate, Cockermouth. 
Paul Smith (Jr.), 24 11 11 mo. 1873 

Liverpool. Son of Paul Smith. 
Rachel Smith, 76 10 7 mo. 1874 

Lewes. Widow of Nathan Smith. 
Annie Myra Smith, 13 mos. 23 7 mo. 1874 

Leeds. Daughter of Frederick and Hannah 

Thomas Smithies, 51 30 1 mo. 1874 

Lewis Hatley Soden, 71 30 3 mo. 1874 

Eatington, Warwickshire South. 



Martha Sparrow, Wexford. 86 1 7 mo. 1874 
Emma Steer, Derby. 78 23 11 mo, 1873 

Vaughan Stephens, 78 17 12 mo. 1873 

Joshua Wm, Strangman, 77 31 3 mo. 1874 

Waterford. An Elder. 
Charles Bennett Sturt, 80 25 3 mo. 1874 

East Hoathly, Sussex. A Minister. 
Louisa Annie Heath Swinborn, 

Weston-super-Mare. 18 20 3 mo. 1874 

Adopted daughter of Martha and the late 

Henry Swinborn. 
James Tanner, Portishead. 83 20 6 mo. 1874 
Elizabeth Taylor, 85| 26 10 mo. 1873 

Middlesborough. A Minister. Widow of Joseph 

Taylor : the three names following were their 

Charles Clapham Taylor, 26 2 12 mo. 1873 

Middlesborough. Son of William Taylor. 
Helen Taylor, 16 5 12 mo. 1873 

Saliburn. Daughter of James Taylor. 
Rosamond Isabel Taylor, 8 23 7 mo. 1874 

Peckham Rye. Daughter of John Taylor. 
George Thomas Taylor, 58 20 2 mo. 1874 

John Taylor, Dundrum. 84 19 7 mo. 1874 
Martha Teale, Bailey. 69 7 2 mo. 1874 


Hannah Theobald, 78 JO 5 mo. 1874 

Henley. Widow of Joseph Theobald. 
Mary Jane Thompson, 48 11 7 mo. 1874 

Newton Heath. Widow of George Thompson. 
Joseph Thorp, 70 23 9 mo. 1873 

Halifax. A Minister. 

The character of this beloved brother in 
Christ, presented a rare union of useful qualifi- 
cations and Christian graces. To great energy, 
decision, and administrative skill, was added an 
affectionate, genial, and chastened spirit, com- 
bined with much vivacity and refined courtesy. 
His conversational powers in the freedom of 
private intercourse, as well as his influence in 
the direction of public business, alike displayed 
sound judgment and intellectual ability. And 
from early youth to the close of life, he was 
manifestly under the governing influence of a 
reverential love to God and Christ Jesus our 
Lord ; which shed a quiet sunshine on his path, 
" the shining light, that shineth more and more 
unto the perfect day." 

He once related a circumstance in his early 
childhood, which left on his mind an abiding 
impression of the efficacy of prayer. He was 
then about eight years old, and was sent by his 
mother for a stone of flour ; the money being put 


in the bag. It was war time, and food exceed- 
ingly dear. Arrived at the mill, he found he 
had lost the money, and felt much troubled. 
However he offered a secret prayer, that the 
Lord would enable him to find it, and went back, 
looking eagerly as he went, till in the middle of 
Leeds bridge, one of the most crowded thorough- 
fares in the town, he found all the five shillings 
he had dropped. In after life he would express 
his thankfulness for having found the same 
gracious help, as he sought, by continued prayer, 
for the Divine guidance even in his temporal 

At the age of ten, he was sent to Ack worth 
School, where his future career was in some 
measure foreshadowed , not only by steady pro- 
gress in study, but by amiability of disposition, 
and the extraordinary power which he exercised 
among his school-fellows ; so that his word had 
the practical weight and influence of one in riper 
years, a teacher rather than a pupil. His religious 
feelings were such, that in later days he was 
heard to say, that he believed, if he had been 
faithful, he should have spoken in meetings for 
worship while still a boy at school. When in 
mature life he served for a total of about twenty 
years on the School Committee, — in addition to 


his aid in general management, the part he took 
in the examinations was especially useful and sug- 
gestive ; and from his skill in approaching the 
minds of his hearers, his observations found 
ready entrance, whether in regard to their attain- 
ments, or in his more solemn exhortations on 
matters of eternal moment. 

After leaving school, he was brought up 
to the wool trade ; and this occasioned much 
travelling from home, in which he was especially 
careful not to infringe on the religious observance 
of the day of rest. He was by no means so 
absorbed in trade as to shut himself out from 
public service, but engaged actively in works of 
usefulness ; so that at one time it was more the 
exception than the rule, for him to have an 
evening's leisure at home. He was indefatigable 
in the Temperance cause, and as President of the 
British League, was emia entry useful in keeping 
in harmony that association. He was the main- 
stay for many years of the Halifax British 
Schools, and a valued supporter of the Bible 
Auxiliary, and the Town Mission. 

But after all, his most devoted services were 
given to the Society of Friends. In Yorkshire 
his labours in the meetings for discipline are 
remembered with lively satisfaction. It was his 


religious concern to seize the opportunities they 
afforded, for calling attention to the grounds and 
utility of our various regulations and testimonies, 
for giving practical advice on the business and 
responsibilities of life, on the exemplification of 
Christian principle in Christian conduct. It is 
well remembered, how at the close of a Quarterly 
Meeting at York, he entered on a most touching 
and solemn appeal to Friends, on behalf of the 
suffering Freedmen in the United States, till the 
whole company were absorbed, baptized into 
the feeling of Christian obligation, in a case so 
evidently calling for obedience to the great com- 
mandment. His long term of services as Clerk 
to his Monthly and Quarterly Meeting, and for 
some years to the London Yearly Meeting, may 
be gratefully remembered. The weight of the 
last engagement rested heavily on him, at a crisis 
when the revision of the Book of "Doctrine, 
Discipline, and Practice " brought the general con- 
stitution of our Society under close and searching 
review. One especially intimate with him says ; 
" He had a deep sense of the need of best help, 
to discharge the duties of these stations. I re- 
member his telling me soon after his appointment 
to the Clerkship of the Yearly Meeting, that he 
had been much cast down, under the apprehension 


of having failed to manage the business as he 
thought efficiently ; and that he had spent a con- 
siderable part of the time between that and the 
following sitting, walking up and down the Custom 
House Quay, considering whether he should not 
ask to be released from the appointment, to which 
he felt so unequal." 

Our dear friend's coming forth as a Minister 
dates from about 1848. He was recorded as such 
in 1853. He visited many parts of this country 
and Ireland : and both in large congregations and 
in private and family visits, his labours were 
much blessed. There was a solemnity of manner 
and depth of feeling which impressed the hearers, 
and his great theme was the unsearchable riches 
of Christ. In reference to an engagement in 
1855, to visit Friends in Manchester, which had 
rested on his mind for two or three years, he thus 
describes in a letter his bringing the subject before 
the Monthly Meeting. " A very solemn feeling 
overspread the meeting for some time ; after 
which a very general and most cordial expression 
of unity took place. It was very humbling and 
at the same time very encouraging to me. For 
so feeble is my faith under such burdens, that a 
weak expression of concurrence, not to say a 
doubting at all, would have cast me down very 


painfully. Such is the tender love of our 
Heavenly Father, that He cares for us, and works 
for us most graciously, after the counsel of His 
own will. I do most deeply feel the weight of 
the engagement, but my spirit has for a long 
time yearned towards the members of that large 

Little of the feelings and thoughts of our 
beloved friend remain, as he appears to have left 
no diary or private memoranda, yet we may 
perhaps adduce one or two short extracts from 
his correspondence. 


" I often think of thee with affection, desiring 
for thee health of body and establishment in the 
Truth — * the truth as it is in Jesus ' revealed to 
us in sacred Scripture. This sacred Scripture, as 
its name imports, is the Will or Testament of 
Him, who hath therein revealed to us the un- 
searchable riches of His love in Christ, who died 
that we might be blessed for ever. We have no 
other equally authoritative revelation of this great 
mercy. The Will or Testament of our blessed 
Lord is the Gospel or glad tidings to perishing 
sinners; such as we all are, until, by believing 
' the record which God hath given us of His Son ' 
we become reconciled unto Him by the death of 


His Son, which is here revealed unto us. As unto 
them which believe Jesus is precious, so also are 
these sacred records by which He is made known 
unto us, precious also. I hope that the press of 
lessons and school duties does not hinder thy 
devoting a goodly portion of time to the perusal 
of, and meditation on, these invaluable records." 

Tenth month, 14th, 1854. " It is now bed- 
time; to-morrow is the Sabbath. It is truly 
pleasant to put aside as far as may be the cares 
and turmoil of life, and to realize a little more 
fully that state of nearness to God which is felt 
in true worship, however poor the worshipper : a 
little foretaste of that communion which is the 
blissful inheritance of the saints in light, ' when 
we shall see Him as He is.' Let us then, in the 
midst of all our cares and engrossing duties strive 
to be like Him ; that it may be our glorious 
privilege, when these few fitful or eventful years 
are over, * to see Him as He is.' " 

Twelfth month, 2nd, 1856. * * " Diligence 
in things spiritual is needed, as in things in- 
tellectual. Without it, we cannot expect to reach 
eminence in either. The growth of the spiritual 
life is not a merely passive condition, but a race, 
a warfare, an exercise, a striving, an overcoming, 
— thus gaining the crown of victory." 



About the year 1866 Joseph Thorp ex- 
perienced a great decay of bodily strength, which 
issued in almost entire withdrawal for some years 
from active labour; during which time we find 
him writing to a friend : " How it may issue I do 
not see, but am able to leave it in the hands of 
Him who knoweth what is best, and doeth all 
things well. * * * I am enabled to 
accept this 'light affliction,' as designed in the 
love of my Heavenly Father, to draw me nearer 
to Jesus, to afford me a quiet opportunity to 
examine mine own self, to prove the foundation, 
and it may be, by this process of spiritual under- 
pruning, to permit me to bring forth more fruit to 
the praise of the glory of His grace : — and truly 
it is all of grace, all of mercy most unmerited by 
Thy grateful and attached friend." 

In another letter to a friend and fellow- 
labourer, dated First month, 1870, when some- 
what convalescent, he says : "We were graciously 
permitted to labour for some years in the good 
Master's service :— and when to remain in the 
tent seems our portion, it is sweet to think 

* They too may serve who only stand and wait.' 
During the long season in which I have been an 
invalid, I have had abundant cause to commemo- 
rate the goodness and loving kindness of the 


Lord. I was tenderly dealt with, having little 
or no bodily suffering, except at one time extreme 
weakness; throughout, my mental powers were 
unimpaired, so that I could read and converse, 
and enjoy letters received from beloved friends. 
It was nevertheless a season of solemn searching 
of heart : and the prospect (at one time rather 
probable) of being soon called into the presence 
of Infinite Holiness, brought me down to a feeling 
of utter unworthiness and deep abasedness. How 
the soul then clung to the precious promise of a 
Saviour s righteousness, and of being complete in 
Him ! it was very solemn and soul-subduing, 
thus to walk and wait as in the border-land ! But 
sweet to feel the precious assurance, * He is 
faithful that promised ; ' and sweet also the 
promise, ' Him that cometh to Me I will in no 
wise cast out.' I could then say, 

* Just as I am without one plea, 

But that Thy blood was shed for me, 
And that Thou bidst me come to Thee, — 
Lamb of God, I come. ' " 
He was again raised up, to unite with his friends 
in their public meetings for worship and dis- 
cipline, and in 1872 attended the Yearly Meeting 
in Dublin : — but in the summer of 1873 his 
strength again began rapidly to fail, and on the 


23rd of Ninth month he died at Llandudno in his 
seventy-first year. 

William Thokp, Mirfield. 52 3 9 mo. 1874 
William Timeric, Coventry. 85 15 12 mo. 1873 
Rebecca Harvey Todhunter, 

Dublin. 30 26 8 mo. 1874 

Daughter of Thomas H. and Hannah H. Tod- 

Rachel Tregelles, 68 24 2 mo. 1874 

Falmouth. A Minister. 

The oft repeated words of the beloved subject 
of this brief memorial, " Say little about it," — in 
reference to what concerned herself, suffice to 
limit the present record, which it would not be 
right wholly to omit. 

Rachel Tregelles was the daughter of Samuel 
and Rebecca Tregelles, and was born at Falmouth 
in 1806. A younger member of a family of six- 
teen children, her youth was shadowed by the 
death of several brothers and sisters at an early 
age :— one of them her own twin brother, whose 
name — (though parted from her almost by a life- 
time, and heretofore too tender a subject to be 
spoken of) — was on her lips, shortly before she 
passed away to join him in the world above. 
The many bereavements of her girlhood doubtless 
weighed on a sensitive temperament ; so that she, 


who, we believe, would have testified in after 
years "a solemn jet a joyful thing is life," — 
shrank from the prospect before her, and longed 
for the refuge given by an early death.* The 
larger portion of her life was spent at or near 
Falmouth, though with long intervals of absence ; 
and more or less directly, her time was much 
occupied with the teaching and training of the 
young. This work, which was to her truly a 
labour of love, began when she was a girl. 

From 1853 to 1862 she was the superinten- 
dent of the York Girls' School. She entered on 
this important office with a deep sense of its 
responsibility, and under much fear of falling 
short in the performance of its duties. The help 
which she received from the committee, especially 
from the late Joseph Rowntree, was most grate- 
fully and affectionately appreciated, and left an 
indelible impression on her mind. Writing in 
her private memoranda of the night of her arrival 
at York, she remarks, — " Thoughts of my dear 
sisters and home would intrude, and though un- 

* " But now, what God 

Intended as a blessing and a boon, 
We have received as such; and we can say, 
A solemn yet a joyful thing is life I 
Which, being full of duties, is for this 
Of gladness full, and full of lofty hopes." 

(Archbishop Trench.) 


bidden, they were not unwelcome guests ; — again 
and again the query would arise, — should I be so 
comfortable as I am, if I had done wrong in 
costing them and myself all the pain I have 
done, in coming here ? " A few months later the 
entry occurs, — " I marvel at the power which has 
been given me to love the girls heartily as I do. 
Many of them I not only love, but have the sweet 
feeling of this being reciprocal." Again at the 
close of the first twelve months in her new 
position, she looks forward to the coming year as 
one respecting which she says : — " I should have 
more doubts, and fears, and misgivings, were it 
not for the help which has been afforded during 
that which is passed : in which I can see there 
has been so much want of true wisdom on my 
part, and yet so many mercies, as to cause me to 
feel that these must have been from above ; and 
yet it seems almost presumptuous thus to regard 
them, feeling so utterly unworthy as I do." In a 
private letter of nearly the same date she says,— 
"I marvel at myself, when I realize that I am 
not frightened at my seemingly self-imposed 
responsibilities : and I am ready to think that I 
must be helped by a power and strength to which 
my only claim is my own weakness." 

She was acknowledged a Minister in 1867, 


but her voice was not often heard in public, — 
owing latterly to the sense of physical weakness. 
Hers was emphatically the ministry of a life in- 
creasingly dedicated to the Redeemer, in whom 
alone she trusted. Possessed of a clear intellect 
and judgment, with keen discrimination of char- 
acter, these natural gifts as time passed on were 
more and more sanctified and elevated by the 
spirit of the gospel : while her extensive ac- 
quaintance with society in its varied phases, 
doubtless helped to enlarge the bounds of those 
wide and tender sympathies, which were often 
appealed to by the young, the suffering, and the 

While a diligent reader of the Holy Scrip- 
tures, she was careful to find time for meditation 
and prayer, even in the most busy periods of her 
active career; and the fruits were manifest in 
her actions and conversation. Though she re- 
joiced in the God of her salvation, she was 
nevertheless eminently qualified, by acquaintance 
with her own infirmities, to enter into feeling with 
her fellow-creatures; showing a practical belief 
that all are children of one family, and recognizing 
their individuality as well as their different trials 
and temptations : while her tolerance, and her 
freedom from a censorious or a dictatorial tone, 


were calculated to prevent her advice from giving 
offence. Hence it was, that in the houses of the 
afflicted, by the bedside of the sick and dying, to 
the perplexed teacher and the perplexed learner, 
— her words of counsel and of comfort were alike 
welcome. Nor did she regard the little pleasures 
of others as of no importance. To carry fruit or 
flowers to an invalid, — to find a toy, or plan some 
expedition for a child, — were to her pleasant 
duties ; no more to be overlooked than the giving 
of food to the hungry, or clothes to the naked. 
Hers was indeed a willing service unsparingly 
rendered, often beyond what her bodily strength 
could bear. The sense of her own shortcomings 
kept her watchful and humble ; and yet to those 
around her there was so little manifestation of 
deficiency, that a stranger who once spent a few 
days under the same roof with her, referred years 
afterwards to that intercourse, and to the incentive 
" her holy and happy life " had supplied. A 
similar testimony has been borne by many others, 
who saw in her daily walk the evidence that she 
had been with Jesus. She had a deep sense of 
responsibility for every gift bestowed; and was 
most anxious that none should allow their talents, 
whether few or many, to lie idle during the short 
day in which their Lord might delay His coming. 


This she strove to nrge upon the young ; and her 
patience with their waywardness, her willingness 
to listen to their opinions however unreasonable, 
and the yearning sympathy with which she re- 
garded them, — gave her an influence the full 
results of which may never probably be known 
on earth. 

While taking a healthy, happy interest in 
her outward occupations, and setting a high value 
on the opportunities of life, it is yet striking to 
notice the satisfaction with which she refers to 
those whose labours were ended. Thus in a 
letter to a relation written in 1858, speaking of 
some memento of one lately deceased, she ex- 
presses her wonder " that there is not more 
sadness in the associations which such a relic 
awakens; — but," she adds, " as time, yes even as 
days pass on, more and more do I congratulate 
those, who having fought the good fight and kept 
the faith, have been taken home to their Father's 
house, to go out no more for ever! and the re- 
mainder of life looks but like a little while indeed ; 
— not that I am weary of my life, or ready to 
depart." To the same correspondent, then suffer- 
ing from a recent bereavement, she writes in 
1867, after some fearful storms on the coast had 
occurred, "just now when the sorrow and sadness 


of all these shipwrecks are on my spirits, the 
gladdening thing to think of is, the loved ones 
who have cast anchor within the veil, whither the 
forerunner has for us entered ! and to think 
that they can never drag the anchor, or drift from 
their moorings ! And, when sorrow in any form 
comes, though one may miss the loving sympathy, 
yet how glad you feel that the dear one, just 
escaped from the shackles of mortality, is spared a 
share in this; which may be wholesome discipline 
for us, and taken too as from a Father's hand, — 
but which was not needed for the happy ransomed 

Her latter years were spent at Falmouth in 
companionship with a beloved sister. Her very 
delicate state of health had been of such long 
continuance, and her last illness presented so 
many fluctuations, that the hope of a partial 
restoration was cherished by her friends almost to 
the end ; and she herself would have chosen to 
live a little longer. Quietness and confidence 
marked those closing hours of exhausted nature ; 
but there was little expression of her feelings, 
except the earnest assurance that there was 
nothing to fear ; or the comprehensive utterance, 
" What a precious faith this is, in our Lord and 
Saviour Jesus Christ ! " Words were not wanted 


then to make known that in this faith she had 
lived, and was prepared to die. A friend and 
relative writing immediately after her death says, 
in language the accuracy of which will be felt by 
not a few, " the tide of life seemed always so 
strong and full within her, — spending so little of 
its force upon itself, and so bountiful in its flow, — 
that it is difficult to believe it is all over. * * 
Her life is in reality still diffused abroad in many 
other hearts and other minds. And the beautiful 
spiritual life, — ' the life hid with Christ in God,' — 
is gone to its true home, after leaving its witness 

Believing that she has a name and a place 
in the Lord's house better than of sons and 
of daughters, may we not, without presumption, 
anticipate for her a time, when she will humbly 
say before the throne of God and of the Lamb, — 
" Behold I and the children which God hath given 
Margaret Tyson, 35 8 9 mo. 1874 

Ulverstone. Wife of Aaron Tyson. 
Thomas Walker, Leeds. 70 22 10 mo. 1873 
Ann Walker, 68 8 4 mo. 1874 

Ellenthorpe, near Borouyhb ridge. Widow of 

Thomas Walker. 
Amelia Walker, 37 25 7 mo. 1874 

Huddersfield. Daughter of Joseph Walker. 


John Walker, Whitehaven. 60 12 8 mo. 1874 
Christopher Walton, 75 24 3 mo. 1874 

Bishop Auckland. An Elder. 
Mary Penrose Walpole, 78 12 8 mo. 1874 

Tramore, near Waterford. Widow of James 

Lacy Ann Waterfall, 1J 5 5 mo. 1874 

Kirkby Malham. Daughter of Arthur and 

Hannah Maria Waterfall. 
Alfred Waterhouse, 75 27 12 mo. 1873 

White Knight's Park, Reading. 
The departure of this beloved Friend would 
have seemed awfully sudden, if, through the love 
and mercy of his Saviour, he had not been ready 
for the better world. He appeared in his usual 
health, and had been walking in his garden; 
when, on returning to the house, the heart as in 
a moment ceased to beat, and his redeemed spirit 
took its flight to heaven. 

Alfred Waterhouse was the sixth child of 
Nicholas and Ann Waterhouse of Liverpool, and 
was born on the 15th of the Sixth month, 1798. 
He entered early into his father's business, that 
of a cotton- broker :— one which involved much 
waiting on the Exchange in the midst of com- 
panions, the influence of many of whom was far 
from good ; but it is believed that he was graciously 


helped to pass unhurt through this ordeal. It is 
not known at what time the great change of heart 
took place, the importance of which to every one, 
he was so concerned in his later years to set 
forth; but the growing tenderness of his spirit, 
his love for all that was good, and his concern to 
be guided aright in everything he undertook, 
shewed whose he was, and whom he desired to 

In 1829 he married the only daughter of 
Paul Bevan of Tottenham, a union productive of 
much happiness during the more than forty-four 
years it was permitted to last. To their children 
he was a wise counsellor and tender father, ever 
desiring their best interests in preference to any 
earthly good. 

He retired from business when comparatively 
a young man ; having long thought that when a 
competence was secured, it was better to leave 
the field open to others, and that a life of com- 
parative leisure was more conducive to the welfare 
of the soul, than one spent in amassing more than 
enough. This step, though it involved some self- 
denial in various ways, he never regretted ; but 
rejoiced in having more time to devote to his 
family, and to pursuits which lead the mind to a 
more intimate knowledge of the wonderful works 


of God. He was thankful too, to be able to live 
where the education of his children could be 
carried on to most advantage, and finally left the 
neighbourhood of Liverpool in 1849 to reside in 
the south of England. For six years he enjoyed 
a quiet retreat in the vicinity of Bristol; and 
when it seemed needful that his younger sons 
should attend the classes at University College, 
he removed to London in order to make a home 
for them in its neighbourhood. Towards the end 
of 1858, he once more enjoyed living in the 
country, settling at White Knights near Reading. 
His new home was very congenial to his tastes, 
and near enough to London for his sons (who 
were still engaged there) to be often under the 
parental roof. 

But it was not only in what are usually de- 
nominated blessings that the goodness of his 
Heavenly Father was shown : — the chastening, 
so needful for our profit, and that we may be 
partakers of His holiness, came also from His 
loving hand. In 1865, a sweet little grandson 
who had come for change of air, faded away, and 
was taken to the Saviour whom as a child he had 
learnt to love. And early in the following year, 
our dear Friend suffered much from a long and 
painful illness, during which the patience and 


thankfulness of his spirit were very striking to 
those who had the privilege of being with him ; 
the words seemed verified in his experience, 
" Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace whose 
mind is stayed on Thee, because he trusteth in 
Thee." In 1868, he was called upon to give up 
a beloved daughter-in-law, greatly endeared to all 
who knew her, not only by the sweetness of her 
disposition, but also by the beauty of conduct 
which came from her desire to please the Lord. 
She was taken, after a few days' illness, to be for 
ever with the Saviour whom she loved, — and, in 
the following year, on the same day, and almost 
at the same hour, her husband rejoined her in a 
better world. 

These repeated trials we can believe were 
graciously blessed to the subject of this little 
memoir, and it became more apparent than ever 
to those who knew him best, that the work of 
righteousness was indeed peace, and the effect of 
righteousness quietness and assurance for ever. 
He loved retirement, and his walk through life 
was an humble and quiet one; yet he gladly gave 
his time and influence to objects likely to benefit 
his fellow-men. The Bible was his favourite 
study, and he spent much time in reading it, and 
in prayer : he was also fond of hymns, and such 


books as dwell on the love of God in giving His 
Son a sacrifice for our sins, and the blessedness 
of the work of the Holy Spirit in our souls. He 
often spoke of receiving the Kingdom of Heaven 
as a little child— coming down low enough, and 
being simple enough, to accept the gift of eternal 
life with the unquestioning faith of a child-like 
spirit ; and he told of seasons of communing with 
his Saviour, very precious to his soul, dwelling at 
times on the uncertainty of all things here, and 
the need of being ready whenever the summons 
should be sent. This was especially the case the 
day before his death, which and the previous 
one (Christmas Day) were very happily spent 
with many of his children and grandchildren 
around him ; so that when the sudden end came 
to a life which had been, throughout its more 
than threescore years and ten, so peaceful and so 
blessed, he passed without a moment's warning, 
from those he so much loved on earth to his 
better home in heaven. 

The following texts were found in his pocket- 
book, with some verses, in which he had marked 
the stanzas copied here : — " Fear not ; for I have 
redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name ; 
thou art Mine."-— Isaiah xliii. 1. "I, even I, am 
He that blotteth out thy transgressions for Mine 


own sake, and will not remember thy sins." — 
Isaiah xliii. 25. " Fear thou not; for I am with 
thee." — Isaiah xli. 10. 

" Surely for some the golden gates 

Are opened awhile, ere they enter in, 
And they taste the glory which yet awaits 
The spirit ransomed from death and sin. 

And day after day, Thy spirit's grace 
Has led me on with unwearied love, 

And now I soon shall behold Thy face 
In the happy home of Tby saints above. 

Father in heaven, — be with me still ! 

Jesus, my Saviour, oh, quickly come ! 
Wash me from every stain of ill, 
And bear me speedily, safely home." 
Mary Watson, 60 20 11 mo. 1873 

Newcastle. Widow of John Watson. 
Thomas Davis Watson, 28 22 1 mo. 1874 
Aberdeen. Son of Samuel Watson of Dublin. 
In writing a sketch of Thomas Davis Wat- 
son's life, we desire that it may encourage those 
who are young to make the full consecration of 
their lives to the Lord's service He was born 
in 1845, near Dublin, where he spent most of his 
life till he went to live in London. In 1863, 
when a little more than seventeen, he attended 
a Quarterly Meeting in Mountmellick ; and four 

R 2 


years later he writes of that time : "I shall 
always remember Mountmellick with feelings of 
deep thankfulness ; as it was there this time four 
years, that I first knew my sins forgiven for 
Christ's sake, and from then to the present time, 
that happy assurance of being a child of God, 
and an heir of eternal life, has never left me ; 
though at times I have been much cast down and 
discouraged by my own want of faith, not suffi- 
ciently looking unto Jesus for support and strength 
to resist temptation." 

When living in Dublin, he had a class in 
the Friends' First-day School ; but his principal 
work of this kind was in London, where he went 
to reside in 1867. During three years he spent 
much of his leisure time in the different depart- 
ments of the Bedford Institute; Bible classes, 
open air preaching in the courts round Spital- 
fields ; tract distribution in the " Bird Fair," &c, 
and often at the Befuge and Home of Industry. 
He had for many years felt the command, " Go 
ye into all the world and preach the gospel ; " and 
towards the close of 1869, though he had fair 
business prospects, he felt it to be right for him 
to devote his whole time and talents to the service 
of his Lord. The following extract speaks of this 
call : " Last night three weeks, after I got home 


and sat down to read the Monthly Record, I came 
to Joseph Stickney Sewell's letter on missions, 
written from Madagascar ; and it came home to 
me with great force, that there might be some 
duty for me in the matter. I then earnestly, and 
for three weeks, pleaded with the Lord to make 
known His will to me ; that if it were of the flesh 
it might pass away, but if His call, He would 
show it to me, and give me to submit." 

Feeling the great importance of the step, he 
passed through much conflict of mind, before 
the way was made plain to him as to his future 
course. To go to Madagascar first weighed 
heavily upon his mind ; then by various means 
it became plain, that he ought to study medicine, 
with a view to becoming a medical missionary 
at home. Accordingly, (after some months wait- 
ing,) in the spring of 1870, he resigned his 
position in one of the wholesale warehouses in 
the city, having previously visited one of the 
Home Medical Missions to study its working. 
These are established in many of our cities, and 
are the means of much blessing. All who 
assemble at the dispensary at a certain hour, are 
present during the short gospel address, before 
passing in one by one to see the physician ; and 
patients who are too ill to come to the Mission 


Hall, are visited at their own homes. Those who 
undertake this work must be willing to consecrate 
not only their time and talents, but also their 
worldly prospects as medical men. This was the 
field he felt the Lord was calling him to labour 
in, and he cheerfully prepared to do His bidding. 
It was years since he had left school, and to 
qualify himself as a doctor involved four years 
close study ; but believing he was in the path of 
duty he went forward, resting upon the promise 
" My God shall supply all your need." At the 
close of this year he writes in his diary : — " This 
has been a year of great blessing to me ; I have 
grown in the knowledge of Jesus. I believe I 
have learned to count all things but loss as to 
earthly ties ; but there still remains a stern and 
hard conflict with self, that the body and its 
desires may be kept under." 

His work from this time lay almost entirely 
at the London Hospital, and out-patients con- 
nected with it ; and one of the lady visitors writes 
of him as follows : — " For some time past I have 
been privileged to go in and out on visiting days 
to the London Hospital, to see some of the many 
sick people ; and from nurses and patients I have 
heard sweet testimony of your dear son. He was 
always dropping a word for the Master, and as 


much of his leisure time as possible he was in the 
wards. I have myself sometimes met him hurry- 
ing from one to another : his gentle quiet manner 
made him very acceptable to the poor sick people, 
and of this I am sure, that many a one will 
deeply mourn his loss. Besides his work amongst 
the patients he was the means of starting a branch 
of the Christian Medical Association in connection 
with the Hospital, and a Bible Class was held 
weekly by a few of the students." 

The following, written since his death by his 
friend Annie McPherson, is another record of his 
labours : — " The other day I went to visit his old 
work-places, the wards of the London Hospital. 
There indeed he has left a sweet savour of his 
Master. To me he was always a valued counsellor, 
for he had studied this corner of the vineyard 
devotedly; many a Bible and Testament in small 
rooms, where they had never been before, are 
witnesses of his loving heart." 

The following letter to a sister was written 
in the autumn of 1872 : — " It is peaceful and 
happy beyond expression, when one hears the 
other fellows here canvassing among themselves 
where they will settle, — town or country,— at 
home or abroad, — army or navy, — which class of 
practice as physician or surgeon is most money- 


making, — to feel that my fortune is already made, 
in having left all for the pearl of great price ; and 
that having Christ, I shall, whether amongst the 
home heathen or foreign heathen, be blessed, and 
by Him made a blessing. What is life, and its 
pleasures and joys? Soon passed away; but 
happy, thrice happy, are those, whose faith already 
places them as citizens of a city that hath founda- 
tions, whose builder and maker is God." * * * 
"We who are blessed with health are too little 
thankful for it. Now I am in the midst of 450 
sick, three dying every two days on an average. 
Continue to pray for me, that I may be a mis- 
sionary for Jesus." 

The following was written while resident in 
the Hospital, just four months before the close of 
his life on earth, and was suggested by witnessing 
so many youthful death-beds : — " I am in His 
hands who only does His children good, so that 
1 should pining sickness waste away my life,' as 
I see so many young and strong succumb in a 
few weeks, it will only be according to His will." 

Early in 1873 he passed examinations in 
anatomy and physiology, and won two valuable 
prizes ; and towards the end of the year he left 
London for Aberdeen, to finish taking out his 
degree. Two days after his arrival he was 


attacked with pleurisy, and in a few weeks 
symptoms of lung disease appeared. His illness 
lasted nearly two months, but he always remained 
cheerful and happy. He never expressed any 
wish as to his recovery; like a child he rested con- 
fidingly in his Heavenly Father's love. Though 
his friends were telegraphed for, the end came so 
rapidly that his mother, who had nursed him all 
through his illness, was the only relative with 
him at the close. The day before his death the 
following farewell letter was dictated by him : — 

"My dear father, brother, and sisters, — A 
little while ago when the doctor took my hand, 
and told me he feared I was passing away, I had 
no feeling either of joy or sorrow. All through 
this illness, I have been wonderfully enabled to 
say, 'Thy will be done.' I am sure you have 
freely given me up into His loving hand, who 
doeth all things well. * * I feel perfect rest ; 
I have no fear, no anxiety, no care. I know that 
Christ has made full atonement for all my guilt ; 
and through a fuller trust in later years, I have 
found that He also saves from the power of sin. 
If I am to pass away quietly, He will be with 
me ; if not, He will be my strength. And now I 
have only to commit you to His loving sympathy ; 
do not look on me as dead, I have only gone on 


before you, into ' the house not made with hands, 
eternal in the heavens,' there to reign with Christ 
for ever. I now bid you an affectionate farewell, 
hoping to meet you all in that house." 

During the next day those of his relatives, 
who could not undertake the journey to Aberdeen, 
were comforted by frequent messages that he was 
not suffering, that he was safe in Christ, and felt 
perfect rest in Jesus. To one of the doctors of 
the Medical Mission who asked how he felt, he 
replied : " Weaker in body, but stronger in Christ," 
Towards evening his mother perceived a change 
coming, and beckoning to his kind and Christian 
nurse, they knelt beside the bed. He raised his 
eyes ; and while still gazing upwards, almost 
imperceptibly his life passed away. 

" What though the hopes which he so dearly 

All faded gently as the setting sun; 
Aod e'en our own fond expectation perished, 

Ere yet life's noblest labour seemed begun ; — 

And though our tears will fall, we bless Thee, 
For the dear one for ever with the blest; 
And wait the resurrection morn, when Thou 
shalt gather 
Thine own, long parted, to their endless rest." 


George Webster, Halifax. 79 3 12 mo. 1873 
George Wells, Banbury. 84 27 12 mo. 1873 
William Wheatley, York. 77 8 1 mo. 1874 
Juliana White, Ipswich. 86 16 12 mo. 1873 
Ruth Emma Whitfield, 15 21 6 mo. 1874 

Tullygarvey, Gavan. Daughter of John and 

Hannah Whitfield. 
Mary Ann Whitfield, 12 11 7 mo. 1874 

Benwich, Alston. Daughter of Thomas and 

Mary Whitfield. 
Joseph Wicklow, 68 18 10 mo. 1873 

Drummond, County Tyrone. 
William Henry Wicklow, If 11 7 mo. 1874 

Dublin. Son of Joseph and Fanny Wicklow, 
Charlotte Widdas, York. 68 22 4 mo. 1874 

Wife of Cornelius Widdas. 

The subject of this notice was born at Nun 
Monkton, a small village a few miles from York. 
Her parents were in humble circumstances, and 
her father dying whilst she was very young, she 
had to "go out to service " when she was little 
more than ten years of age. 

The industry and perseverance which marked 
her character were early shown. Having when 
nearing womanhood removed to York, she appren- 
ticed herself to learn the business of a stay -maker ; 
the knowledge of which she soon acquired, and 



actively carried on through life: thus assisting 
her husband in the maintenance and education 
of their family. 

No opportunities of mental culture having 
been afforded her in her childhood, she now ap- 
plied herself diligently to learn to read and write, 
and might often have been seen at her husband's 
side, spelling out with his aid words in the New 
Testament. The power she thus acquired of 
seeking truth for herself was very precious to her, 
especially in periods of sickness and of trial ; and 
a great desire was awakened within her for the 
attainment of useful, and especially of Scriptural 
knowledge : and as the views of gospel truth were 
gradually unfolded, she was enabled to trust in 
Christ as her Saviour and her Redeemer. With 
her husband she joined the Society of Friends, 
and was comforted in attending their Meetings 
for Worship, often expressing the help she ex- 
perienced in them. 

Hospitality and neighbourly charity were 
marked features in her character, and her skill 
in administering to bodily infirmities caused her 
aid to be largely sought by an extended circle. 
Services of this Mnd offered frequent oppor- 
tunities for wise and tender counsel ; and we do 
not doubt that many still remember with thank- 


fulness "words fitly spoken" which our dear 
friend addressed to them. She suffered much 
bodily sickness, and in the later years of her 
life underwent many painful operations for the 
relief of a complaint, which she knew would 
eventually prove fatal. Under these trying cir- 
cumstances her activity and cheerfulness were 
remarkable, but not more so than the patient 
resignation which was seen, especially in her last 
illness. It was alike instructive and comforting 
to those who stood around her, to witness the 
entire freedom from anxiety and care, which 
under the assurance of her Heavenly Father's 
loving kindness, she was enabled to rest in : 
whilst at times it was given her to rejoice that 
though death was very near, it would be to her 
a glorious deliverance, and an entrance into rest 
would be granted her, through the mercy of God 
in the Lord Jesus Christ. Supported by this 
blessed hope, she sweetly fell asleep. 
Thomas William Wigham, 30 15 3 mo. 1874 

Mill Hill, Coanwood. 
Ann Wigham, Doncaster. 74 6 5 mo. 1874 
Benjamin Williams, 75 17 10 mo. 1873 

Margaret Williamson, 85 2 12 mo. 1873 



John Wilson, Bessbrook. 94 21 2 mo. 1874 
Maey Woodcock, Clara. 82 11 2 mo. 1874 

Widow of Francis Woodcock. 
Frances Yeardley, 63 23 5 mo. 1874 

Rochdale. Daughter of the late Thomas 

Elsie Marguerite Yeomans, 

Sheffield. 1J 4 3 mo. 1874 

Daughter of Charles and Anna Yeomans. 

Received too late for classification. 
William Barber, 47 29 10 mo. 1873 

Newman Cash, 43 12 9 mo. 1873 

Died at Ivans, Colorado. Son of the late 

Newman Cash of Leeds. 
John Tooke Allen, 39 23 7 mo. 1874 


INFANTS whose Names are not inserted. 
Under one month ... ... Boys 5 ... Girls 2 

From one to three months ... do. ... do. 
From three to six months ... do. 3 ... do. 3 
From six to twelve months do. 1 ... do. 1 

N.B. The number of Friends at the last return 
being, in Great Britain 14,085, and in Ireland 2,905, 
total 16,990, and the deaths in our Eegister 299, 
gives approximately 17*6 deaths per 1000 per annum. 











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In the varied phases of Dr. Ash's religious 
life, there are many passages which bear witness 
to his earnest searching after truth, and self- 
denying submission to heartfelt convictions ; and 
his own pen, with touching humility and honesty 
of purpose, has recorded the early strivings of 
the Holy Spirit in his heart, his youthful de- 
clension and restoration from time to time to the 
Divine favour, as well as many troubled exercises 
of mind, which eventually terminated in confiding 
peace and joy in his Holy Eedeemer. 

He was born at Bristol in the year 1797, and 
when only seven or eight years old, was sent to 
a boarding school at Melksham in Wiltshire. 
There the ministry of Rachel Fowler appears to 
have been blessed to him ; and he says in review- 
ing that early day, " God visited my soul with 
His love in Christ by His Holy Spirit, — (I knew 
it could not come from anything else), — and drew 
me towards Himself with the cords of His ever- 
lasting love in Christ." He adds, " as I grew up 
from boyhood to manhood, I had many evil 


tempers and dispositions and inclinations to con- 
tend with : and sometimes, through God's grace, 
I more or less overcame them, but far more often 
the other way." Yet by his youthful acquaint- 
ances he was considered remarkably conscientious 
and thoughtful. He especially mentions that the 
early visitations he experienced at school "re- 
curred on many distinct occasions : sometimes 
without the agency of any instrumental cause, at 
others in connexion with the reading of the Scrip- 
tures, or the hearing of Christian ministry. Once, 
if not oftener, I was so overcome by what I felt, 
as to be obliged to seek the retirement of my 
chamber, that I might there give vent to my 
tears ; while at other times they flowed down my 
cheeks as I sat in meeting, even when nothing 
had been said." 

In his twenty-fourth year, he entered on a 
course of medical study in London and Edin- 
burgh, taking the degree of M.D. in 1825. During 
this period, he speaks of a time of going back- 
wards, and losing his first love ; but was mercifully 
preserved from gross sin, and never tempted to 
unbelief. Whilst lodging afterwards for a time 
in a Friend's family in York, he had a powerful 
spiritual awakening. " Under that roof," he says, 
" the Spirit of God came back to me, I knew not 


how or in what way, — no human instrumentality 
whatever; but I began to feel the drawing of 
those old cords of heavenly love again, looked up 
my old Greek Testament, and spelt out a text 
here and a text there. The upshot of the matter 
was, I went to York a treader in the broad way, 
I returned from York a treader in the narrow 

In 1826, when twenty-nine years of age, he 
removed to Norwich with the view of commencing 
practice as a physician ; and married Caroline, 
daughter of William Fry of London. The occa- 
sion was a solemn time. He says that during the 
wedding day, " the love and presence of his God 
and Saviour were wonderfully near," and that 
whilst in meeting " tears of holy joy and thank- 
fulness " bedewed his cheeks. He records, that 
at an early period of his residence in Norwich, he 
was on a visit to Joseph John Gurney at Earlham; 
and says, " we two being alone, after reading a 
portion of Scripture together, I felt constrained 
to kneel down, and in a few broken words be- 
sought the Lord to accept the unreserved conse- 
cration of whatever might yet remain of my 
earthly life. Miserably as this vow has since 
been kept, I venture humbly to believe that it 
has never for a moment been repented of, or re- 
called, even in thought." 


He acknowledges that in the time he lived 
in Norwich, there was an increase of stability 
attained in his daily walk, and a gradual growth 
in grace ; but still in looking back on those ten 
or twelve years he says : " the circumstances in 
which I was placed were perhaps more favour- 
able to my spiritual growth than those of any 
other period of my life, either before or since. 
Yet alas! how poorly did the result correspond 
with this ! " During this period, he was led to 
obey a call he had long felt, to the public ministry 
of the gospel : in which he first appeared at 
Westminster in 1832, with this single sentence, 
" Whosoever shall confess Me before men, him 
will I also confess before My Father which is in 
heaven." Two years and a quarter after this, he 
was recorded as a Minister by Norwich Monthly 

In 1837 he retired from medical practice, 
and returned to Bristol, his native city; which 
continued to be his abode for the latter half of his 
extended life. We pass over the vicissitudes that 
marked some portion of this part of his career, 
including a withdrawal for several years from the 
Society of Friends. But one useful result of his 
retirement from professional pursuits, was a work 
in three volumes consisting of " Explanatory Notes 


and Comments on the New Testament," the fruit 
of a diligent and careful study of the original 
Greek. This was brought out in the years 1849 — 
50. Dr. Ash, both before and after this period, 
took great interest in conducting Bible Classes for 
the religious benefit of the young, which labours 
were much valued by many. 

During his latter years, he found no small 
happiness in home pursuits and in Christian inter- 
course with Friends : frequently calling on invalids 
to their spiritual refreshment. As he took par- 
ticular delight in social intercourse, the charac- 
teristics of his mind were, in no common degree, 
shown in his conversation, and the moral warmth 
it indicated was one invaluable influence for good. 
He gave forth his thoughts in so solid yet 
lively a shape, with such a sparkle of his own 
inner brightness about them, that there was 
always something definite to recall afterwards. 
In later years growing deafness made it difficult 
to him to receive the thoughts of others in con- 
versation, but whatever came fully before him 
either thus or in reading was not carelessly passed 
over. It was either distinctly accepted as good, 
or promptly rejected. His feeling towards sin 
and wrong of all kinds, seemed to be rather 
repugnance than mere disapproval. And who 


can speak of him without recalling his ardent 
love for nature, and the youthful freshness with 
which this passion was expressed to the last? 
There are few to whom a simple walk through 
ordinary rural scenery afforded so great pleasure. 
As he said within a week of his death, speaking 
of the coming spring, of its sweet sights and 
sounds and scents, " ! how I have enjoyed 
them all." 

But far deeper was his earnestness with 
regard to unseen and spiritual realities. These 
truly were his treasures, and his heart was given 
to them in an emphatic sense. Through the 
goodness of God he tasted in no common degree 
the blessedness here and now of a life in Christ. 
The sense of . reconciliation to his Father in 
Heaven, through the life and death and inter- 
cession of his Divine Saviour, was, as it were, a 
continual feast to him, and in the strength of that 
heavenly food he was enabled to walk in the ways 
of God. It was impossible to associate with him 
without being convinced of this. The young and 
undecided felt the influence of his singleness of 
aim and earnestness in the highest of all purposes, 
long before they could explain it ; while more 
mature Christians recognized the genuine fruit 
of the spirit of adoption, and were themselves 


stimulated to run with more patience the race set 
before them. In the secular aspects of Dr. Ash's 
life his consistency was very marked, especially 
perhaps in the steady maintenance of simple 
habits, in the midst of the growing luxury of a 
self-indulgent age. Few of his younger relatives 
and friends, but have from time to time felt tacitly 
rebuked by his self-denying ways ; few but must 
have observed his care, that a strict limitation of 
the " enough " for himself should leave a sufficient 
margin of the " to spare " for others. 

Although originally of a delicate constitution, 
our beloved friend was blessed through a long life 
with more than average health. But early in 1873, 
when he had already entered into his seventy- 
sixth year, his strength began seriously to fail. 
He pursued however many of his usual occupa- 
tions until within a few weeks of his death. 
Many visits were paid to dear and tried friends, 
some of which were marked, even at the time, by 
the touching character of farewell intercourse, 
and he regularly attended meeting until within a 
month of his departure. His address on the 
occasion of his last attendance will long be re- 
membered by those who heard it. In humble, 
tender and earnest terms he recalled his own early 
days, the strivings of the Spirit, the resistance 


of the natural heart, the final surrender to his 
Saviour, and the goodness and mercy by which 
he had been led and followed all the days of his 
life; ending with a touching appeal to the con- 
sciences of his hearers. This last discourse 
breathed throughout the calm of one safely resting 
in his Heavenly Father s love, and longing that 
all to whom he spoke might acquaint themselves 
with Him and be at peace. 

During this time of gradual physical decay, 
he often spoke of the great spiritual happiness 
with which he was blessed; and this remained 
with him to the end. A few days after his last 
appearance at meeting, he said to a niece who 
came to see him from a distance, " One thing 
more I must add. I have not words to express, 
nor thoughts to conceive, the goodness and loving 
kindness of my Heavenly Father during this 
illness. I can only say it has been as if He had 
no one else to care for or think of, but just poor 
little unworthy me." This sweet and happy 
frame of mind was not only a blessing to himself, 
but full of instruction and comfort to those about 
him. Once when thinking his end was near, 
after repeating a portion of Montgomery's hymn, 
and ending with " Enter thy Master's joy," he 
said, " and now Father, into Thy hands I com- 



mend my spirit; receive it, dear Lord Jesus: 
Farewell, dear earthly friends," mentioning those 
around him, " now leave me quite quiet ; I want 
to be alone with my God and Saviour." On a 
letter being read to him which quoted the passage 
in the Pilgrim's Progress, " Be of good cheer, 
brother, I feel the bottom, and it is good," he 
said, " I really have had none of poor Christian's 
painful experiences in this illness. My Saviour 
has been near me all through, never absent a 
moment." On another occasion he remarked, 
" I consider myself now passing through the 
Valley of the Shadow of Death. If so, I fear 
no evil ; His rod and His staff comfort me, and 
I shall dwell in the House of the Lord for ever ; " 
adding, " but it may be a good long walk through. 
The river is broad, but as tranquil as a lake, and 
there's rock at the bottom, and Jesus is leading 
me through." 

He remarked once that he had seldom asked 
to have Scripture or hymns read to him, for, 
besides the difficulty of his deafness, he had com- 
mitted so much of both to memory, that he was 
often repeating them to himself, especially passages 
of Scripture, when awake at night. At another 
time, after speaking a little on spiritual things, 
he added : " Now go away ; I shall just be 


travelling through my hymns. Those for to-day 
are dear A. L. Waring's ' Father, I know that 
all my life is portioned out for me,' one of 
Cowper's, — and then that noble triumph-hymn of 
Montgomery's, ' For ever with the Lord.' " Having 
spoken of this, he seemed unable to leave it, tired 
and feeble as he was, and those who listened can 
never forget the impressive tones of his voice as 
he recited — 

" Yet nightly pitch my moving tent 
A day's march nearer home." 

One evening he was heard musing to himself, 
" God's will, Christ's will, not mine, I cannot 
help ringing the changes on that. It's the only 
thing for me now." During the last few days, 
his mottoes were, ™ Let patience have her perfect 
work," and " Not my will but Thine be done." 
A few days before his removal he said, in allusion 
to Bunyan's winged messengers calling to the 
Marriage Supper, " I am quite ready ; I have on 
already the God-given, Christ-given wedding 

About two hours before he breathed his last, 
he was lying quite still, with his eyes closed. 
Presently he opened them, and smiled sweetly at 
one of his nieces who was sitting by him, holding 


his hand. She rose in response, and ventured to 
say in his ear, " Lord, now lettest Thou Thy 
servant depart in peace, for mine eyes have seen 
Thy salvation;" at which he bowed his head 
emphatically, although too weak to reply in words. 
After taking a little tea he remained for about an 
hour perfectly still, apparently quite conscious, 
until within a few minutes of the close, looking 
earnestly and affectionately at his beloved wife, 
his companion for forty -seven years. Lying thus, 
his eyes gradually dimmed, and he gently ceased 
to breathe. 

In a summary of his Christian experience, 
written in 1872, he says : — " I would just say, in 
relation to my own spiritual experience, that it 
still continues, as at its beginning, to be made up 
of two opposite though very closely related parts. 
On the one hand there is my own exceeding great 
sinfulness, weakness, and unprofitableness ; on 
the other, the Lord's yet greater mercy and 
strength, and loving kindness. Truly to Him 
belongs the praise, to me blushing and confusion 
of face." 

The following words were written by Dr. 
Ash during his illness, and. in accordance with 
his request, were circulated amongst his friends 
after his death in lieu of memorial cards ; they 


will now be read with interest by a still wider 
circle : — 

" A Chkistian Believer in the near 
Prospect of Death. 

" Decaying in bodily health and strength, 
my spirit has, for some weeks past, been largely 
dwelling in that ' land of Beulah,' in which John 
Bunyan tells us that the birds sing, and the 
flowers bloom, and delectable fruits grow ; where 
angels' visits are neither few nor far between ; 
and where the King Himself sometimes walks, 
taking delight in the works of His own hands. 

" I know that the river of death cannot be 
far off; but whether I shall find it shallow or 
deep, its waters smooth or rough, and whether 
my passage through it will be easy or hard, I 
neither know nor wish to know. This much, 
however, I do know — that my Saviour will be 
with me, and take me safely through ; and that, 
when I reach the other side, having been washed 
from my sins in His own precious blood, and 
renewed by His risen power into the image of 
His Father and mine, I shall, although a very 
chief of sinners, be admitted into that heavenly 
city which hath no need of the light of the sun or 
of the moon, because ' the glory of God doth 
lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof;' 
where sin and sorrow are unknown ; and no in- 
habitant of which shall ever say, ' I am sick.' 
1 i" sat down under His shadow with great delight, 
and His fruit ivas sweet to my taste. He brought 
me to the banqueting house, and His banner over 
me was love. — Cant. ii. 3, 4. 

Edward Ash. 
MT. 76." 




In a letter written less than a year before his 
death, the late Benjamin Seebohm remarked, " I 
can, in my solitary and some of my best moments, 
rejoice in the evidence afforded, that the Lord is 
laying His hand upon one here and another there, 
preparing them, through many hidden conflicts, 
for the work which He has for them in the Church 
and in the world." 

It is such as these, who, having been bought 
with a price, feel they are not their own, that the 
writer of these lines would especially urge to full 
dedication of heart to God. " There is no created 
force in the universe," it has been remarked, 
" greater than a feeble human soul, that in simple 
faith yields up itself wholly to its Saviour, as the 
mere instrument of His mighty power." Surely 
the truest blessedness would be found in such 
self abandonment as this : for, as the greater con- 
tains the less, so does holiness in a certain sense 
include happiness. It is true (I say it reverently) 
that God does not spoil His children. In His 
infinite love, He sees that it is essential to their 
growth in grace, and therefore to their happiness 
also, that their will should be altogether subjected 
to His. Yet the more completely we yield our- 
selves to His preparing hand, the more likely 
shall we be to find, that there is no absolute need 
to dread His training discipline. Let us not 
shrink from it, nor from any service that may 
already be assigned to us. Rather let us pray, 
with something of that perfect love which casts 
out fear, that " all the good pleasure of His good- 
ness, and the work of faith with power," (2 Thess. 
i. 11) may be fulfilled in us, through us, and by us : 


remembering that the question we have to ask is, 
" Lord, what wilt Thou — (not what will my wisest 
earthly counsellor, but)— what wilt Thou have 
me (not my brother or sister, but me) to do ? ' 

If not consciously withholding anything from 
God, what should hinder us from placing un- 
bounded confidence in His protecting love, and at 
once believing, and acting on the belief, that He 
" will supply all our need ? " Satan would fain 
persuade us that this promise, at least, has failed : 
and when deeply feeling our own poverty, how 
ready are we to credit such an insinuation ! But 
may it not be our greatest need to learn, that " we 
are nothing — Christ is all?" " He that would 
build high," wrote John Crook, " must lay the 
foundation deep." 

" Can walls be builded with untemper'd mortar ? 

Or fish be caught in the unmended snare ? 
Must not the metal pass through fire and water, 

If for the would prepare ? " 

We may learn a beautiful lesson in the 
Eastern legend, that no palm-tree grew to so great 
a height, as one which had a heavy weight placed 
on it while young. Are there not many, who can 
testify that it has indeed been good for them to be 
afflicted ? and that, when the full surrender of 
the heart has been made, they have had as their 
blessed portion — even in the midst of temptation 
and trial — something of that peace, " which the 
world can neither give nor take away." 

Let us with simple trust commit our way 
unto the Lord, seeking for the renewing of the 
Holy Ghost, and never forgetting the sanctifying 
efficacy of the blood of Christ. (Heb. x. 10, 14 
and xiii. 12, 1 Peter, ii. 24.) When the Bible 
was being translated into the Bechuana language, 
no word could be discovered which would express 


the idea of holiness, until at length a native 
Christian said he had found one that would do so, 
for this was its signification — "washed quite clean" 
" We are speaking (writes Dean Alford on 1 John, 
i. 7) of a state of faith and holiness, in which the 
hlood [of Jesus Christ] is continually applied : the 
walking in the light is in fact the application." 
We read that " the path of the just is as the 
shining light, that shineth more and more unto 
the perfect day." Does not this imply that God 
sets no limit to their growth in grace ? 

When looking one evening at the young 
crescent moon, the thought arose that just as that 
silver thread of light would gradually, yet surely 
and steadily, increase until it reached its, fullest 
and brightest splendour,— even so the soul might 
more and more fully reflect the rays of the Sun 
of Righteousness : and then those words were 
remembered, — " moreover the light of the moon 
shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the 
sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days." 
" That germ of heavenly light and love, — 

Which God implants in every breast, 

And hath with His own seal impress'd ; 

And which, by every one possess'd, 

If duly nurtured, water'd, dress'd, 

Shall grow, — till he is truly bless'd 
With choicest treasures from above." 
" The just shall live by faith : " — and is there not 
a suggestive truth in the remark, that what is 
termed faith in the New Testament, is called 
walking with God in the Old? (Gen. v. 24, 
Heb. xi. 5, 6.) Keep close to Him, and all be well. 
" Courage anch patience ! is the Master sleeping? 

Has He no plan, no purposes of love ? 
Wbat though awhile His counsel He is keeping, 

It is maturing in the world above." 

F. A B.